Gloxinia (Sinningia speciosa) - a popular indoor plant with velvety flowers with a diameter of up to 7 cm or more.The colors of these flowers varied.They can be white, pink, red, blue and purple.
bright and remarkable, Gloxinia is often presented as a gift.And unlike other "gift" of colors, you can save it until next year, if the plant to provide proper care.Also, with proper care the flower lives about 10 years.
- lighting and the room temperature
- Watering and humidity
- Wintering gloxinia
- fertilizer (top dressing) Gloxinia
- Transplanting and reproduction gloxinia
- caring for plants in the flowering period
lighting and the room temperature
plant care is to provide the necessary:
- lighting and room temperature
- watering and humidity
- Transplant and reproduction
For good growth and long flowering, the flower needs to be bright enough light intensity.At the same time contain the flower exposed to direct sunlight can not be, because it is fraught with burns tender leaves, which appear as brown spots.
Therefore, the best place would be the content of a flower window sills eastern and western windows.The windows, which contain the plants near the best hang tulle or blinds.Also suitable translucent blinds.Because of this flower get him the necessary lighting.
light day for Gloxinia should not be less than 12 hours.Otherwise, the plant lays the little buds, flowers become dull, and the plant itself becomes elongated.
This delicate flower - heat-loving plant.Accordingly, it is necessary to ensure a year-round temperature in the room at least 20 - 22 degrees.In addition, regularly ventilate the room and prevent drafts.
flower also not tolerate sudden changes in temperature, wind and rain.Therefore, if there is a need for its "relocation", pre-plant should be covered with a double layer of cheesecloth, for example, a special plastic cap.And once again, the plant will be in the optimum conditions for it - remove the covering.
For the same reason you should not make gloxinia the balcony, terrace and so on.
Watering and humidity
Along with the lighting and the temperature, humidity of the air is also important.The plant needs moderate humidity and abundant constant watering.
To do this, the pots should be placed on a tray with pebbles or in damp peat.The air between the leaves must be periodically sprayed.
During growth and flowering Gloxinia watered it should be liberally and often.In this humidity control land, to avoid excessive moisture, as this may lead to decay of plant roots, and thus lead to plant death.
Watering should be barely warm water so as to prevent the ingress of water on the leaves.If this happens you need to gently wipe the leaves wet when watering.
Thus, Gloxinia watered until the end of August.Further watering should be slightly reduced.And in late September watering reduced to a minimum.
Wintering - winter when the plant is dormant and does not bloom.Since the end of September, the leaves of the flower, wither and fall off gradually.The same thing happens with flowers.Then the roots die, and so there comes a state of complete rest, which lasts until spring.
During this period, care of plants and is characterized by the fact that rhizomes, tubers pour dry sand, completely stop watering and leave in a cool dark place.Temperatures in such an environment must not exceed 10 - 12 degrees.
If such a place to rest the plants are hard to find, you can simply fill up the rhizomes with a thick layer of clean, dry coarse river sand and left until spring in the room.
fertilizer (top dressing) Gloxinia
Feeding Gloxinia - the task is not difficult.Enough to buy special fertilizer, which will help you to choose specialists and add it to April to August each week.
If the fertilizer purchase independently and was not specifically designed for this plant, then choose the one that contains more phosphorus and potassium than nitrogen.
can also prepare nutritious fertilizer for watering the flower.For this it is necessary to prepare the infusion mullein, then diluted with water and applied.But to get involved in such watering is not necessary, because it contains large amounts of nitrogen compounds.And, as a result of excessive and frequent watering, leaves of the plant will be large, fleshy and bright green, and the flowers will be small and inconspicuous.
Transplanting and reproduction gloxinia
After wintering rhizome of the plant must be transplanted.Before transplantation, in January-February, a pot with a "sleeping" rearrange flower tubers in a warm place and begin regular watering.As soon as the shoots, tubers were transplanted into new soil mixture (a specialized mixture, which consists of sheet earth, peat and sand in the ratio 3: 1.5: 1, respectively).
Before transplant is divided into several large tubers are not large, that is, sit flower.The best is to divide the tubers so that on each side there are not more than 2 germs.
By planting the tubers in the soil mixture, do not need them too deep thrust.Suffice it to go a little further, sprinkle a layer of soil up to 1 cm. Alternatively, you can leave the upper part of the tuber "free."Thus, the tuber will give a few shoots that will soon start to bloom.And if the tubers are planted too deep, they will give only one escape.All others will not germinate.Reproduction
room gloxinia tubers done.This is done when transplanting plants after rest, as described above.
care of plants in the flowering period
very carefully should be to the plant during its flowering.As a rule, this period begins from the age of the flower.The flowering period - from May to September.During this period, it formed to 15 buds that open into large flowers.
to extend the flowering period, obsolete flowers should immediately cut.