Memory - this is perhaps the most controversial topic of debate among scientists and psychologists.When a memory in humans , the ability to remember the people around us , objects, poetry, numbers? .. What is the memory of the child when and how a memory in children ?Can we influence it and how to do it right ?
• When a memory?
Many experts are convinced that the memory of the children have since birth.In addition there is a very authoritative opinion that children remember even prenatal period of his life , but this memory is absolutely unconscious .Thus, when a memory in children and how?
Only when the child reaches the age of 9 months in the child's mind a certain shift occurs - brain baby reaches the minimum value of its volume , which is necessary for the "inclusion" of intelligence.This minimum volume is 750-800 cubic meters.cm . , and is a kind of Rubicon .The human brain with a smaller volume is simply not capable of any thought processes .
When the light volume of the brain of the newborn baby reaches only 360-400 cubic meters.cm . , max .By the age of one year the brain adds considerably in size.In the year of its volume is equal to 900-1000 cubic meters.cm . the provisions of this magnitude for an adult is about 1400-1600 cubic meters.cm . , and despite the fact that "functional " part of the brain is very small , that is, the intellectual potential of the human brain is only 3-8 % , and 10-20 % - according to various sources and theories .
• How is the memory of the children?
To speak seriously about the child's memory only 9 months.You can easily find confirmation of this, if you watch the kid: 6 months crumb loses all interest in a toy, if you remove it from his sight.The six-month baby is not looking for it and does not even remember.While in the first 9 months it starts to look around in search of missing quizzically.Thus, we can assume that the child remained in the memory, the "footprint" of the toy that is appears the memory.Kid already understands and remembers what it was, and so somewhere and now it is.Since then, the memory formed in children, and to further develop the ability to remember all the great volumes of information.
At the age of 7 years old child's brain differs by only 10 % of the adult brain .But , despite such an insignificant , seemingly a difference , the child thinks differently , in their own way .And it does not mean worse .Not at all, just different .
To understand the characteristics of children's memory as an example, the hero of the book Saint-Exupery "The Little Prince ."Its main character is all over with a drawing , in his opinion , with the image of a boa constrictor that swallowed an elephant.However, none of the adults do not see this in one voice they all claim that the figure shows a hat .And then a hero in favor of adult ceases to insist on his own, and disappointed adjusts their adult world .
• Features childhood memory
In fact, children do not think children perceive.Features childhood memory lies in the fact that it is child's memory is syncretic.Simply put, the perception of the world a child takes in its full.That is, all objects, images, actions, emotions are inextricably linked with each other.Children squeal with delight, jumping for joy, freeze with delight, excitedly talk about the orange tram.Children experience more complete and vivid than in adults.That is why children are more long-term memory.An adult can easily forget what happened yesterday, but remember many details from his childhood.This is especially noticeable in the elderly.
As a child the ability to learn is much greater because the memory in children is directly related to the emotions and all the kids are always interesting.In adults, this process is a little different, we are also better remember that due to the bright emotions, only the impressions are much less - had enough.For a child every day - the opening, every day begins and ends with the news of the same.In childhood lasts long time, the days of adult life as a flash flash.Of course, this is a purely psychological perception, but it is most clearly characterizes the difference that exists between children and adults.
Children's memory - it is stunning, amazing gift, which is given at the beginning of each life path.It is important not to miss it, take full advantage of, it was in the early years in the human foundations of thought and consciousness.Children receive a huge number of very comprehensive information, which is processed in the depths of the brain, forming attitudes and mentality, which "accompanies" human lifetime.All of us "from childhood," we are all from the same wonderful time when most ordinary hat like a boa constrictor that swallowed an elephant.
• What is the child remembers?
Memory of a child - it's not that the memory of adults !Parents should always remember that the child greater emotional than logical.His ability to remember manifest against experienced feelings and emotions that he will remember and not any facts relating to the situation.
As an example, the story of his childhood friend Dmitry (these examples, you'll surely find a lot in the lives of their friends, and their own).Once, Dima went with my parents to the country.While his dad was fishing on the river, Dima decided to build a "house" in the suburban backyard.With enthusiasm the boy dragged some building materials, tried masters rebuild "house", but ... Returning from fishing dad, son broke the creation and ordered to remove the debris.Whether Dima somewhere out there posted construction, or that something is not done, then there were some other logical reasons - in fact, it does not matter.The important thing is that the boy remembered only bitterness and resentment - and, unfortunately, this is exactly what the child remembers life.Now, as an adult, Dmitri even a hammer in his hands trying not to take it, he believes that he has a kind of "allergic to everything connected with the construction."It would seem pointless pile of rubbish on a country courtyard, and what are the consequences ...
And here is another example , my friend - a notable chef , among friends - he likes to tell that she loved to cook since childhood , and even in school at lessons of labor, the teacher always put it into an example to other girls .Any more or less literate psychologist doubt the veracity of her story and explained that most likely it was the opposite .Teacher praise a girl for her success , and she received a tremendous positive emotions , I began to try to learn to cook , to re- earn the praise, and why it is so in love with the process.
The main thing to learn from this parents - this is what the child remembers sensations , both pleasant and unpleasant , and not any specific details .If you want something to teach the child associate the process with bright , positive emotions .And do not forget , if you're in the learning process " broke down " , yelled , and so , the baby probably reject your ideas , no matter how you try to explain to him the importance and necessity of this , no matter what great teachers it does not hiring .
The same applies to the "interesting" learning process.If it is a child's boredom, he surely would reject even the best teaching, it will be difficult to remember, hard to understand.Change this attitude to learning in the future will be difficult, it can be preserved for a lifetime.For example, the son of a neighbor raved computer wanted to learn to use it to play some games, and she wrote it down on a children's circle of informatics.The teacher is so focused on the desire to "push" in the children's heads, as much as possible the necessary and useful, that probably did not pay attention to what children really want.Ultimately, the child became bored and uninteresting, he learned nothing, threw a circle, and the computer itself lose one's attraction to him.Of course, the good that he does not sit all day at a computer, but nowadays you need to have some skills the user, and, again, will soon begin the lessons of informatics at school, and what assessment he will receive?Now, my mother would have to think about how to fix this situation.One thing is clear, if the child's emotions related to education, with school, homework, etc.will be pleasant, and it will be easier to learn and more successful, and memorize, and learn the material.
The moral is : as the child remembers feelings much easier than the facts , you need to have it evolved as many good memories , thanks to which the baby unconsciously accumulate a lot of knowledge .
A little more about how memory is formed in children, and how to develop it: