first tooth in a child - is a significant event often becomes a real challenge, and both for the baby and for the whole of his inner circle.How to understand what the symptoms of the onset of the teeth in the aisles of the rules and what they say about deviations and health problems crumbs when the baby all the time capricious and not sleeping at night?What to do when your teeth do not appear on standard terms and standards?When the baby quite traditional measures of comfort, but when you need to see a doctor?
1. The terms and procedure teething
2. How to determine the correct order and terms of teething, and what they say deviations from the norm?
3. The symptoms of teething in infants
4. How to help your child ease the symptoms of the appearance of the first tooth?
5. When an urgent need to go to the doctor?
6. Prevention of dental disease in children
• Terms and order of teething
process of development and formation of the teeth of the baby begins long before his birth, or rather,This happens even for 6-8 weeks of gestation.First produced 20 first rudiments of milk teeth toddler, and about the deadline at 20 weeks of pregnancy formed the beginnings of the future is already permanent teeth, which are located deeper, just under the milk teeth.
a child, each baby erupt 20 major milk tooth, 10 of them are located on the upper jaw kid and 10 - on the bottom.Usually, there are the first teeth in infants is normal, on the following dates and order of teething:
- 1. first tooth, but rather just two, will appear on the lower jaw - a baby central incisors (the beginning of the eruption is about 6-mesyachnom age);
- 2. Then there are the upper teeth - upper incisors;
- 3. a couple of months - there are the upper lateral incisors (about 9-12 months of age);
- 4. them immediately lower lateral incisors;
- 5. After that, about a year and a half, there are upper and lower molars (commonly called molars);
- 6. followed by the baby teeth erupt;
- 7. Finally, in 2-2.5 years in children appear second molars.
• How to determine the correct order and terms of teething, and what they say deviations from the norm?
There is a special formula that you can count approximately how much tooth should be at a certain age the baby's life.To do this, take the number of four months, that is to the age of one year (to 12 months) should be cut Zubikov 8: 12 - 4 = 8.
However, it should be noted that the exact order of teething does not exist.And in concrete terms teething, for each individual child, as a rule, are strictly individual: sometimes the teeth begin to erupt a little earlier or later period, sometimes the first to appear in place of the upper teeth, or incisors erupt canines.In principle, all this may well fit into the norm under the influence of certain factors.
main factors influencing the procedure and terms of teething are:
- 1. The main role in this process have a baby genotype (genetic information passed to the child from both parents).
- 2. Second place goes to the duration of breastfeeding the child, the health of moms during pregnancy, namely the presence of toxicity, which may delay the timing of teething.
- 3. In addition, a significant difference in the formation of dental system toddler have the disease, which he suffered in the first year of his life.
As to the third point, for example, violation of order and delay the appearance of teeth occurs in cases of rickets and diseases of the thyroid gland, a part of viral and infectious diseases of children.Early appearance of teeth (3-4 months) occurs in children who are prone to acceleration.It happens that the disease detected only when the first teeth - if deviations are the symptoms of diseases, not the consequence, as usual.
• The symptoms of teething in infants
appearance of the first symptoms of the teeth, it is quite understandable and justified their eruption, the following:
- 1. Painful, swollen gums with a pale outline of teeth - the clearest signthat will soon have the first teeth.
- 2. Changes in the behavior of the baby - he becomes petulant, whiny, fussy, restless, not sleeping, especially at night, sleep is often interrupted crumbs.
- 3. Excessive salivation, which is accompanied by cough.Kids are not removed from the mouth of the hands and all the time pulling something in her mouth.
- 4. Short rash on the chin, cheeks, or breast.Such irritation due to prolonged contact with its saliva baby skin.
- 5. Loss of appetite, and sometimes, perhaps, even the suspension of increases in weight for a while.
- 6. In some cases, it may be a slight increase in body temperature, liquefied stool.
If a child has symptoms of teething and the temperature, especially when it rises against the backdrop catarrhal symptoms (runny nose, cough and so on.), You should call the doctor for the baby to prevent viral or infectious causes of fever.Therefore, the temperature should not be ignored in any case, even if the cutting bits.
• How to help your child ease the symptoms of the appearance of the first tooth?
facility № 1. most important tool that can help the kid from any illness without exception - my mother's care and love.Therefore, in this difficult period for the crumbs of life, above all, we must be affection, care, and attention to it as often as possible.Your attention is at least distract him from the pain and experiences, will be forgotten.You should not be afraid to spoil the baby - constant crying and screaming spoil the character a lot more, believe me!
facility № 2. many kids calm for some time, it brings a gentle massage gums.Doing a massage to be very careful, my mother must be well washed and with his fingers in a mouth crumbs gently massage the side of the gums.You can use the massage with cold towel, but massage course through the cheek of the baby.You can try to give the baby to chew on it a little bit swollen gums frozen washcloth, or gently wipe your baby's gums with a piece of ice, pre-wrapped in clean gauze or other graft material.
facility № 3. sufficiently effective and bringing relief kiddies are traditional teethers.In fact, this banal plastic or rubber toys that baby can bite and kept on chewing (but buy a special, safe for kids!).In particular, a calming effect on children chewing tooth rings, in which the liquid inside (sold in pharmacies): they can be put in the refrigerator to cool down and the baby would be happy to nibble on them, helping more teeth erupt, and the cold will ease pain and itching.In general, you can use any favorite baby toys baby, most importantly, make sure that they are clean and safe.
facility № 4. If crumb is already trying to eat on their own, do not skimp on the pieces of carrots, apples and brown bread - let chew solid food for pleasure, it is now very useful.A little tight in the diet of baby food in the already cut Zubkov will be as impossible, by the way - it will contribute to the strengthening and training of teeth.And, of course, be on the lookout!As long as the baby is chewing something, you need to be sure to stay close, in case he choke, which happens often.
facility № 5. When tried all ways and means, and relief does not come, try to apply an anesthetic gel to inflamed gums baby.The structure of this part of the anesthetic agent (usually lipokain) which quickly relieves pain and a feeling of light numbness in the treated area.The gel anesthetic available over the counter without a prescription, but it is not necessary to resort to such means without consulting a doctor.Your baby may be any drug allergies, which you do not even suspect - do not risk!
facility № 6. In particularly difficult cases, the disease may be justified use of children's pain medication containing NSAIDs or paracetamol (doses in children and subject tolerability of drugs toddler).The categorical exclusion for children up drugs that contain aspirin and analgin.
facility № 7. sometimes to good effect can homeopathic remedies which reduce the symptoms of inflammation and reduce the temperature.But appoint them can only be a specialist.
facility № 8. featured folk remedies for teething pain relief in this situation - it compresses the cooled broth chamomile flowers pharmacy.They can be applied to inflamed gums, or place the baby cheeks.
• When an urgent need to go to the doctor?
teeth in infants. pretty rare, but it happens that there are teeth in newborns, that is born has a pipsqueak tooth.Undoubtedly, the teeth in newborns can seriously complicate the process of breastfeeding, especially at first.Often early teeth in newborns injure kids tender gums and her mother's breast.The best thing in this situation, seek help and advice from a pediatric dentist.He will tell you what to do next.If no pathology is not present, then the mother can help to special silicone pad for breastfeeding.
Missing teeth (all or some). opposite situation, however, requires expert advice, no less - is the complete lack Zubikov at the year-old baby.The lack of teeth rudiments, of course, is extremely rare, but it is a serious problem, which is called edentia.For various reasons, in the structure of dental system, its development and the arrangement of the teeth may be some deviations:
- 1. wrong position of tooth axis (oblique or horizontal) - this it erupt outside the arc dentition or grow horizontallyin the thickness of the jawbone;
- 2. no germ of a tooth;
- 3. certain violations of the formation of the tooth - shape, position, size, color, enamel defects, etc .;
- 4. malocclusion, which arise due to uneven growth of the jaws (usually the reason for this is the long nipple sucking child);
- 5. wide gaps between teeth, tend to occur due to the rapid growth of the jaws of a baby in a transition period - change of milk teeth permanent.This is not some kind of anomaly, and it often happens in life.And the gap that has emerged between the front incisors, the fault of the deep bridle of the upper jaw, the devil will correct problems with the time orthodontist.
• Prevention of dental disease in children
baby's first visit to the dentist should take place as early as six months.It is necessary to assess the correctness of the structure of the expert in the child maxillofacial unit, as well as the state language of bridles, the lower and the upper lip of the baby.Make this a must because alone bridles defects can significantly affect the process of sucking the breast and nipples with artificial feeding, affect the location Zubikov erupting.Also in the future, it can affect even the development of the baby and correct speech.
visit the dentist regularly is recommended kiddies to three years.The baby should regularly visit the dentist twice a year for preventive maintenance and professional advice.It was found that the teeth in children from three years old begin to break down.Therefore it is better if even the smallest holes you seal in the initial stage of their destruction.Try a very young age to accustom the baby to not be afraid of dental doctor.It is important!
for baby teeth need to carefully look: Kids need parents to wipe the children's teeth with gauze and more adult kiddies learn to brush their own.Otherwise it will be difficult to protect yourself from developing a child's tooth decay, because the enamel of primary teeth is very soft and fragile.
little more about the first baby teeth and possible problems with the eruption video: