Unfortunately, pets are sick, as well as people.And the owners are often concerned about why the cat coughs or sneezes, which means if a cat is coughing and wheezing, sneezing, and if the cat does not eat?This is something natural, or pet is sick?And if sick, what to do, how to treat?Is it possible to treat cough in cats on their own or need help vet?Answers to these questions became the basis of this article.
- CAT coughs, WHAT TO DO?
Although cats are not so often cough, as, for example, dogs, sometimes they still do, and deliberately to rid the airways of them caught in the different particles that interfere with normal breathing, wool, for example,.This cough is quite normal natural physiological reflex of the organism, its protection.
However, the fact that the cat coughs can also be a symptom of a very serious respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, respiratory diseases, or signs of infection.So why is the cat coughs?
- • Why do cats cough?
Cough is an important reflex mechanism, which is in sharp exhalation of air through the mouth.
Normally cat cough is protective in cases of inhalation of various foreign objects, fluids, various irritants, such as smoke.It often happens that a cat coughing and breathing hard when people smoke in the house, having an allergy to tobacco smoke.Among other things, cough, serves to remove the products of inflammation, cough accumulated airway inflammation products in various diseases.Trying to cough up something, usually a cat coughs, craning his neck.
Cough is a specific, very "convenient" for the symptom of a veterinarian, because the presence of cough directly indicates the possibility of respiratory or cardiovascular system.
- • Features cough in cats.
cough in cats, unlike dogs, occurs much less frequently.Often, at one and the same disease in dogs develops a cough and cats - just shortness of breath, or hoarse, labored breathing (for example, a cat coughing and difficult breathing, wheezing in inflammatory diseases of the pleura and the lungs, pneumonia, heart failure).And these symptoms are noticed, and sometimes very difficult to detect.The thing is, "cat discernment" - the cat trying to be careful to avoid exposure to factors that provoke coughing with the disease: less exercise, do not play, try not to show excessive emotion, seeking to get in some ventilated place where they do not disturb.In fact such behavior is already possible to assess how a suspicion of some disease.
There is also a disease of cats, where the cough serves as a leading symptom - asthma cats.As for the causes of the disease, the animal is allergic to house dust, to some microparticles microorganisms contained therein.If you notice that the cat sneezes frequently, for example, when you buy a new cat filler, or a new washing powder and so on, can boldly conclude that the cat is coughing and sneezing due to allergies.Another striking feature of allergy, when the cat sneezes and rubs his nose.
There are other pathological conditions that can be accompanied by cough, cats, for example:
- 1. blockage of airway foreign object;
- 2. cardiovascular insufficiency;
- 3. cancer organs in the chest;
- 4. respiratory infection of cats, including complicated by pneumonia (medical name - Calicivirus infection);
- 5. accumulation of fluid in the chest (hydrothorax, chylothorax) or air (pneumothorax);
- 6. hit in the chest abdominal organs (such as bowel loops) for diaphragmatic hernia;
- 7. worms in cats
- 8. rhinotracheitis virus in animals, and so on.
This is an incomplete list of possible diseases that can accompany a cough in cats.In fact, the cough may be a symptom of more than fifty diseases.So, in fact, to determine their own is almost unreal.
- • Asthma cats.
Bronchial asthma - a respiratory disease that affects not only individuals but also cats.When you have asthma cats, they can appear suddenly moderate or strong enough cough, cat coughing and breathing heavily, he hindered the passage of air, the cat coughs and wheezes.When asthma is also a cat sneezes frequently.To promote the development of the disease can and stress, exercise, weather changes, air pollution - just like all other people.
Usually asthma cats in the initial stages appears in young animals (aged 1-3 years), often in the Himalayan and Siamese.Asthma attacks occur, usually in the spring and fall, which is typical for the majority of allergic diseases.
diagnosis "bronchial asthma cats" can be made on the basis of clinical examination of the animals with the help of laboratory tests and radiography.Relatively long treatment comprising administering different corticosteroids and bronchodilators in the form of tablets or injection.
- • viral rhinotracheitis in cats.
viral rhinotracheitis - infectious disease, which leads to frequent attacks and convulsive coughing.When the disease heavy, the cat coughs and sneezes, and quite often, when the cat is sneezing and watery eyes and snot, diarrhea, and she can be.All these symptoms are very much like human influenza, by the way, the cat flu, as it happens, and can also manifest cough, sneezing, runny nose, etc.
Treatment of cough in cats, in this case a very complex process.Therefore, vaccination as a precautionary and preventive measure, far preferable than treating cough in cats already infected.It is better to make the appropriate animal vaccination.
- • «Battle" wounds in cats.
The cause of the cat's sudden cough may be a direct damage to the trachea of an animal bite, resulting in a fight.Such trauma can provoke not only a cough, sneeze, and often the cat will not eat, since the passage of food becomes painful.In this case, the treatment of cough in cats is to treat a particular injury, and prevents festering wounds.
- • Worms in cats.
Separately, I would like to dwell on the issue of animal infection with worms.If the cat coughs, intestinal worms may well be the cause.This infection of susceptible cats at any age, never even coming out of the house and do not come into contact with other animals.
Domestic cats are usually affected by helminths, which are parasitic in the digestive tract.To avoid this, there were no worms in cats, must be periodically "etched" animal.When regular deworming is not carried out number of worms is growing rapidly, especially in young animals, as well as old and debilitated cats.Breeding worms in cats can get from the intestine to the stomach, where the reflex "evacuated" to the external environment, with the vomit.Then the cat coughs, craning his neck, and tears.Coughing cats in this case is the result of stimulation of the receptors in the esophagus retching.
Furthermore, nematode larvae through the intestinal wall can be absorbed into the bloodstream and, together with the blood flow entering the trachea, lungs and bronchi.Cough in cats is usually mild, short-lived, if it enters the microscopic larvae of the respiratory organs.
These symptoms can also be observed in animals infected pulmonary infectious diseases and toxoplasmosis.Diagnosis of the disease is based on the results of analyzes aimed at the detection of parasite eggs in the cat's feces.Treatment of cough in cats, in this case, is carried out by conventional procedures to get rid of worms pets.
- • Cardiac cough in cats.
Often what the cat coughs, is a symptom of heart disease, although it is more typical of dogs than cats.
diagnosis can be set on the basis of laboratory tests, electrocardiogram, radiography and echocardiography with ultrasound.Treatment is prescribed in accordance with the diagnosis.
- diagnosis and treatment of cough in cats
Thus, coughing in cats is often not a leading main symptom of the disease, so if a cat is coughing and wheezing, breathing heavily, his shortness of breath, rasping, labored breathing, accompanied bydeterioration in general health, absence or reduction of appetite, as soon as possible to see a doctor.
Before the visit to the veterinarian should ensure that the animal fresh air and tranquility.Alleviate the condition of the animal, in some cases, a humidifier may be located in the room, or just a damp towel, put on a radiator.Without knowing the causes of the disease, the animal should not be fed any drugs - so you can smooth out the real picture of the disease hinder its diagnosis, and even cause the patient harm your pet.
doctor will collect history and recreate the picture of the origin and development of the disease, ask you about the content and feeding the cat.Then, the doctor will examine the animal, carry out a survey of the upper airway, the trachea will listen, lungs and bronchial tubes, can also make an X-ray and take blood count.If there are suspicions on specific diseases may be required inter alia radiopaque study esophageal traheo-, laringo-, broncho, esophagoscopy (research trachea, pharynx, bronchi, esophagus using an endoscope).Also, your doctor may do research on viral infections of the blood, crop on flora of bronchial secretions and biopsy of the bronchial tubes.
Diagnosis of diseases that cause cough, can be quite labor intensive and time consuming.Therefore, before the underlying cause of the cough and corrected, the doctor will prescribe the cat supportive symptomatic treatment to alleviate the condition of the animal.
- • If the cat coughs, what to do?
If you are sure that the cat is coughing and sneezing due to bronchitis, severe colds, cough if it is delayed, the condition does not improve, and the ability to get to the vet, no, you can try the following.The pharmacy you can buy antibiotics amoksiklav, or some other antibiotic for the treatment of cats.It is in the form of tablets, powders for suspension.In most cases, treatment with a suspension of coughing in cats would be easier.You should choose the smallest dose, pour the powder with plain water and prepare a suspension.
If a cat sneezes and coughs for a long time, and it is certainly not the heart, allergies or intestinal problems, give the medicine three times a day for 2.5 ml.It included a special dimensional drug syringe, inject it so the cat in his mouth quite comfortable.
course of treatment is 5-7 days - depending on the severity of the disease.
thing to remember is that the cough - it is often not a disease, but only symptom.Therefore, trying to help your pet, try to establish the true cause of the cough to get rid of the disease accurately.
- CAT sneeze, how to treat?
If a cat sneezes, treatment depends on the reasons that cause sneezing.But these reasons are many.It could be an infection, a symptom of a serious illness or just stuck in the nose of a cat a foreign object.
If the cause is a fungal infection, then you should apply the antifungal drugs.If a bacterial infection antibiotics will help.If a foreign body stuck in the nose - its extraction save your pet from sneezing.
- • Upper respiratory tract infections in cats.
infections, they are the most common cause sneezing.The cat sick with bacterial, fungal and viral infections.With regard to symptoms, should pay attention to the following:
- 1. cat sneezes and coughs,
- 2. cat sneezing and snot, her runny nose,
- 3. a cat fever, and shortness of breath,
- 4.Cat sneezing and watery eyes, swollen eyes.
- • Allergies in cats.
cats suffer from allergies as often as men.In this case, as a rule, cat sneezes and tert nose, it may be a runny nose, sneezing cat often a certain environment or location.
When suspicions about allergies, as soon as possible to determine the reasons why it occurs.Otherwise, the pet and be sneezing and allergy over time can result in a more severe form of the disease, followed by asthmatic cats.The main reasons for the appearance of a cat allergy are: mold, dust, pollen, cigarette smoke, wax (candles), chemicals (detergents, powders, air freshener, etc.).Some pets may sometimes be allergic to cat filler for the toilet.In addition, the airways may become stuck alien cat allergen, and then get rid of the cause of the allergic reaction will be very difficult, in this case an urgent need to seek the help of a veterinary surgeon.
- • Asthma in cats.
Asthma cats has been discussed in relation to cough.Its main symptoms - cat sneezes and coughs.The most common cause of asthma - a lasting effect on the body strong cat allergens.
When an asthma attack, you can hold the animal on the ferry a couple of minutes.The impact of warm steam will help to expand the lungs, and the attack can pass.
- • heartworm.
animal through the bite of mosquitoes can become infected, so-called, heartworm.These parasites affect the arteries of the lungs and the right side of the heart kitten.And then the cat sneezes frequently, it clogged arteries, difficulty breathing, a heart attack.The fact that the cat sneezes and coughs, is the main symptom.
If it is for this reason that a cat sneezes, how to treat it is to decide specialist.It is difficult to advise something without his knowledge.With regard to this problem, we recommend that cat owners consult a veterinarian about prevention of this disease - it will be more reliable.
- • Dental problems.
For this reason, the cat sneezes rare, but happens.The main symptoms of dental problems - the unpleasant smell from the mouth, abscess around the mouth, swollen gums.The infection can spread gradually to the forward channel and start kitten manifest as sneezing.
With small it happens more often, because the body is still not strong.
- • A cat sneezing blood.
If you have a cat sneezing blood, you should immediately show her veterinarian.When a cat sneezes blood - this is evidence of a strong damage to the nasal passages and running stages of various diseases, such as leukemia, fungal infections, cancer.