We meet the Old New Year!


Christmas traditions

On the night of 13 January 14, we will have a celebration of Old New Year - a holiday , it is incomprehensible to most foreigners.However, since ancient times , we used to celebrate Old New Year lavishly , keeping many New Year traditions and rituals , spending New Year fortune-telling and eating dumplings with predictions.

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Contents:

1. What is the Old New Year?
2. History of the Old New Year
3. Opinion of the Christian Church about Old New Year
4. Scientists about Old New Year
5. Do I need the Old New Year?
6. Christmas divination
7. Christmas traditions
8. New Year's dumplings with potatoes and not only
9. Comic guessing on Old New Year
10. Recipes New Year dumplings

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What is the Old New Year?

Plainly, no one can say - what really Old New Year is different from the New traditional, familiar to all year?Of course, with the hand it seems that deal exclusively in the divergence dates.However, oddly enough, but the Old New Year we all treat as totally independent holiday, which is able to extend to us the charm of the New Year.For some, this day has finally manages it truly felt.After all, the Old New Year - a quiet, family holiday, without the hassle and incredible hassle inherent in the holiday on January 1st.

Anyway , as the causes of this unique Old New Year the whole two - change the date of the New Year on the territory of Russia and the incredible stubbornness, not a desire of the Russian Orthodox Church , transition to a new style of chronology.

However, despite the banal reason , many people attribute to these dates hidden meaning , very hard high hopes and faith in the profound mystery of the holiday.Carry these dates , a mysterious, mystical meaning ?Let's face it.

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The history of the Old New Year

history of the old New YearIn pagan times in Russia, New Year was celebrated on March 22 - the date is quite logical, given that it is the day of the vernal equinox, which is closely related to the agricultural cycle.After the adoption of Christianity in Russia Byzantine calendar began gradually replace the old, in which the New Year already started on 1 September.This date is today, some interpret the teachings as the true birthday of Christ.For a long time in Russia remained the New Year disparity - some continued to celebrate New Year in the spring, the other - in the fall.Only at the end of the XV century officially identify a single start date of the New Year in Russia - September 1.

In 1699, by order of the well-known innovator , Peter I, the beginning of the New Year was moved to January 1 , then still in the old style of chronology , then, the new style of 14 January .Finally, in 1918, after the Great October Revolution the Bolsheviks " abolished " the difference between the European and our chronology , " moving " 13 calendar days per year .

And formed two holidays New Year - one of the new style , the arc - the old , new , respectively - on 1 January and the New Old - 14th.

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Opinion of the Christian Church about Old New Year

Russian Orthodox Church today celebrates the New Year , however, like Christmas , the old , Julian calendar , which currently varies from generally accepted in the world on the Gregorian calendar , the same 13 days.That is, we are in the night from January 13 to 14 meet the Old New Year , and the church is simple - new .

It is interesting in this regard the fact that the difference in the dates from 2100 , namely from March 1 , will be at 13 , and for 14 days.And the Old New Year and Christmas with the 2101 , we will celebrate a day later.That is the Old New Year - on the night of January 14th to 15th , and Christmas - January 8 .

According to the Russian Orthodox Church, they do not intend to make any adjustments to your calendar, because it does not see this as completely nor any sense.The difference between the calendars, Julian and Gregorian, in fact, increases every 100 years on the same day.However, attach much importance to calendar differences, according to the church, it is not necessary.The Gregorian calendar is also not accurate and has its own changes, so Russian Orthodox Church continued to use the Julian calendar.Agreement in the calendar disputes can only make the development of new, absolutely accurate calendar, which is practically impossible.

There are quite worldly explanation for the Church 's obstinacy .The fact is that for most believers Old New Year really is of particular importance , because to celebrate it with all the heart they can only after the end Advent , during Christmas-tide festivities .

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Scientists about Old New Year

the science of the new yearJanuary 14 - the date is unscientific , say astronomers .Nevertheless , and the currently valid calendar is not ideal .According to scientists , the mechanics of planetary motion "guilty" of having to make some changes in the calendar .To act until 1918 in our country the Julian calendar , behind , now active , the Gregorian calendar is 13 days.

And the thing that the Earth turns on its axis is not exactly 24 hours .Every day run over extra seconds by the time that gradually add up to days.They formed the 13 days to the beginning of the twentieth century , is the difference between the new and the old Gregorian Julian systems.However , it should be noted that the new style is more precise with respect to the laws of astronomy.

The main thing, according to scientists, to the calendar, whatever it may be, accurately reflected the location of the planet relative to the sun.Many enthusiasts and are now trying to solve the problem of the calendar, and offer a lot of options of their own timing.Applications for changing calendar chronology, "tons" come even in the UN.The majority of these proposals are based on changes in the traditional week, for example, some propose to introduce a five-day week, or do without weeks and replaced them tenday.However, the ideal proposals that meet the laws of astronomy, and to solve the same problem with the chronology, perhaps, can not exist - it is this conclusion came specialists of many countries.Scientists have come to believe it is inappropriate to any calendar reform at this stage.

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Do I need the Old New Year?

But no matter what, no scientists say, and even despite the fact that this day is not, unfortunately, even a day off, the popularity of this festival grows uncontrollably.According to some public opinion research center, people who want to celebrate it in Russia for a long time exceeded 60%, in Ukraine, and even more - about 80% of the population.And among those who regularly observes or is planning to celebrate Old New Year, people who have a completely different status, income and age groups: pupils and students, workers, businessmen, housewives, with secondary and higher education, senior citizens ...

The thing , I think, is that unlike the Europeans , we have a strong Christmas tradition.We have something to do on New and Old New Year and Christmas holidays and the Christmas festivities ... The breadth of our Slavic soul will not let us get bored.To tell the truth , and the reason we do not particularly need , and here - is!Walk !

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Christmas divination

The fact that during the celebration of New Year's taken the offensive , the divination , which can be and groom to foretell and predict the future , and make a wish - even children know .The most popular today are definitely comic divination dumplings with predictions and wishes.But more about that later.In addition, there are other Christmas traditions.Some of them , as they say, sunk in the summer , some have survived to this day, and some " transformed ", becoming more comfortable and interesting.

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Christmas traditions

Christmas traditionsIn the old days this was called the Day Vasiliev day and was crucial throughout the following year.The feast day was celebrated Vasiliev agriculture, which has been linked with the future harvest.Therefore, he committed ritual obsevaniya and came another name of the holiday, namely, "Ovsenev" or "Avsenev."This ritual is performed differently in different regions.For example, in Tula children at home scattered spring wheat, while saying a prayer for rich harvest, then the hostess collects and stores it until the time of sowing.As for the Ukrainian ceremonies, they were particularly fun, always with dancing and singing.

There was another kind of ritual - Christmas cooking porridge.At 2 am , the older woman in the family brought from the barn cereal (usually buckwheat ) , and senior man - water, typed in the well or the river .No cereals , no water could not be touched until heated the oven - they were just standing on the table.After the whole family would sit at the table , and an older woman began to stir in the pot porridge , uttering certain words in this ritual .Then, all together we got up from the table , and the hostess put into the oven mess , always with a bow .

When the porridge was ready, it is fetched from the oven and carefully considered - a kind of New Year fortune-telling.If the pot was just a complete mess and it - Succulent and crumbly, it predicts a happy year and a rich harvest - a porridge eaten in the morning.If the porridge pot get out, or even cracked pot - is the owners house does not bode well, they waited for the trouble this year, and the mess immediately discarded.Such are the Christmas divination - predicting a disaster or prosperity.And these predictions actually come true, it is no surprise, because they believed seriously, as we would say today psychologists have programmed themselves to a particular outcome.

But there were only positive rituals and traditions of Christmas .Interestingly , for example, the ritual in which went from house to house , coming to visit, treat yourself to dishes from pork.Night Vasiliev day visitors necessarily have to regale the pork pie , baked , or boiled pig's feet , any dishes with pork .In addition to the table certainly posed a pig's head .

The reason for this New Year's rite was that of Basil , inter alia, considered the " svinyatnikom " - that is the patron saint of breeders and a lover of pork products .People believed that if the table is a lot of pork in the night , the animals will be abundant fruit in the economy , bringing a good profit owners .That 's a positive sign, adjusts to the abundance and economic prosperity, especially for hard-working and zealous owners.

But New Year's tradition and treat mold of the Old New Year dumplings with surprises appeared relatively recently .

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New Year's dumplings with potatoes and not only

dumplings with surprisesSimilarly, no one remembers when, where and on whose " fault " it originated , but the tradition of New Year's dumplings mold happy respected everywhere, which is celebrated Old New Year .In some regions, mold dumplings with surprises in almost every home.Gather the whole family , invite friends , mold dumplings with potatoes , cabbage , using different fillings for dumplings and hiding them in all sorts of surprises.And then arrange a festive feast and eat dumplings New Year , looking forward to what and to whom will fall a surprise .

These comic divination particularly like children.Dumplings with surprises and predictions bring with them even at work to cheer colleagues and acquaintances .Today it is not uncommon for New Year dumplings with predictions in the free market .These dumplings are often produced in food plants under the Old New Year .

Filling for dumplings can hide these surprises and bring their meaning:

  • • meat or bread - to the nourishing of life, will be a good year;
  • • Beans - predicts unexpected wealth;
  • • small coins - a monetary year;
  • • Large coin - to purchase real estate or cars;
  • • sugar - a good event, a sweet life;
  • • salt - to tears and failures;
  • • White thread - predicts a long journey;
  • • black thread - predicts shorter road;
  • • Threads in knots - confused in life;
  • • ring - for marriage, the wedding;
  • • cherry stone, a piece of dough or fish scales - predicts addition to the family, to the child;
  • • button - meaning quick or buying new clothes;
  • New Year's dumplings

  • • ground pepper - predicts dramatic changes in the coming year , further treatment depends on the combination with other " findings ";
  • • Rice - predicts additional revenue;
  • • raisins - predicts a promotion, or a great temptation;
  • • Dill - comes to flirting, the upcoming temptation;
  • • cucumber - predicts good health;
  • • bay leaf - predicts recognition and fame;
  • • flour - to torment, negorazdam in life;
  • • pod of red pepper - predicts cavalier lover in your life;
  • • Walnut - falls directly to the two fans;
  • • Peas - to an unforgettable holiday, the upcoming trip;
  • • Cranberry - predicts unrequited love;
  • • black pepper - promises to friends;
  • • apple - predicts a quiet, peaceful life;
  • • Carrots - falls to new friends and acquaintances;
  • • Caramel - promises a new love or renewal of love;
  • • Garlic - the upcoming difficulties, possible problems;
  • • button - a new thing;
  • • grain - is a speedy increase in wages.

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Comic guessing on Old New Year

Even relatively new Christmas tradition as dumplings with surprises are changing: instead of dumplings cooked dumplings and instead surprises lay inside the wishes or humorous predictions written on a piece of paper and carefully wrapped in plastic foil.Such comic divination - a great pastime for any company.Wishes can be anything, depending on the imagination and sense of humor guests.For simple ideas just predictions weight: car, an apartment, a trip to Italy, the birth of a child ....It is advisable only to be positive, because everyone wants to have fun in the Old New Year.

Such predictions come up comic can be an incredible number, for example:

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In the New Year you incredibly lucky - win a million dollars !!!And then you give every penny to charity.

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Do not curse in the New Year black cat has run you the way .It is better to take it home : the magnificent cat will now your 33 parrots .

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In the New Year you will be able to get rid of bad habits, but in return you will gain a couple of new ones.

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The following year, the chief of the office always come in with his left foot : then you necessarily expect a promotion.

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Do not twist the button when you expect bad things, and then she will fall off.

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In the New Year you will be pleased by presenting the most desired gift for you - a goldfish !However, this fish is stuffed with rice and herbs .

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In the third decade of the coming year, you expect fireworks highlights .Immediately start training !

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January 13 raid kiss you with destiny.

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Smiles a lot in the new year and will sign a contract with Blend-a-Med.

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Giving your favorite bouquet of daisies, count all the petals.

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You are lucky!

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Crossing the road, look around carefully - there is a chance to meet his fate.

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If the June 1 of the coming year you wear clothes inside out, you will pay attention to a lot of the opposite sex.There is a chance to meet the love !

New Year's wishes with dumplings

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If the bread you will fall a foreign body, you know - this is happiness!

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Beware bald!

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Your life - endless road, so choose a reliable means of transportation - car.

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If tomorrow morning the neighbors knock on the battery, the front of a happy and memorable year.

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Expect next year to replenish the family.

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If you guessing on ice you do not see the saucer cherished dimples , heralding the birth of daughters - dig up their own !Business somehow .

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If the log, you selected to foretell the future financial condition of the husband , it turned smooth , immediately throw it and find suitable.You beggar husband absolutely nowhere !

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If you see a mirror reflection of her betrothed, look.

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Recipes New Year dumplings

Dumplings with potatoes and mushrooms in the Old New Year

Dumplings with potatoes and mushroomsIngredients for the dough:

  • 1. bottled water - 0.5 cups;
  • 2. flour - 3 cups;
  • 3. Egg - 1 pc;
  • 4. Olive oil - 2 tbsp.
  • 5. Salt - to taste, usually 1 hour. Spoon.

Ingredients for the filling dumplings:

Filling for dumplings, can be anything, in our case, it's potatoes with mushrooms:

  • 1. mushrooms - 300 g .;
  • 2. cooked "in uniform" potatoes - 2-3 pieces;
  • 3 onions - 1 pc;
  • 4. vegetable oil;
  • 5. Surprise - beans, sugar, coins, strings , comments , predictions and other comic , at your discretion .

Preparation:Pour the water into a bowl.Add egg and 1 hour. Spoonful of olive oil.Add salt and mix the mass .Sift the flour and , stirring constantly , slowly pour it.Pour the second spoon of oil .Well knead the dough and wrapped in plastic wrap , let it rest for 15-20 minutes .

Mushrooms cut and fry in hot oil .Add to the pan the onion , finely chopped , and cook until tender.Sauteed mushrooms mix with whipped mashed potatoes.Salted to taste.

Divide dough into portions and roll into a thin layer .Cut circles out of it , with the help of glasses and put the stuffing inside , do not forget to add surprises.Molded dumplings with potatoes and mushrooms lay on the board , carefully sprinkle with flour , and before the arrival of guests, send in the freezer .When needed, boil water in a pan , podsolite , put the dumplings and cook them until tender.Boil them enough 7 minutes , a maximum of 10 ( if the dough has turned thick ) , since the boiling.

Serve dumplings better in oil and sour cream.

Dumplings stuffed with cabbage, herring and wild mushrooms

Dumplings with potatoes and mushroomsIngredients for the dough:

  • 1. bottled water - 0.5 cups;
  • 2. flour - 3 cups;
  • 3. Egg - 1 pc;
  • 4. Olive oil - 2 tbsp.
  • 5. Salt - to taste, usually 1 hour. Spoon.

Ingredients for the filling dumplings:

  • 1. Fresh cabbage - 300 gr .;
  • 2. Forest mushrooms - 120 g .;
  • 3. salted herring fillet - 150 g .;
  • 4 onions - 80 gr .;
  • 5. butter.

Preparation:Actually, preparing dough for dumplings in the same way as in the previous recipe.

Filling for dumplings prepared as follows: fresh cabbage , cut into small strips , stewed with oil and a small amount of water in a pan under the lid.Salt to taste.Mushrooms are boiled and fried with onion , salt and pepper to taste.Herring eliminate the bones and skin , cut into cubes.All the ingredients are mixed thoroughly cool.
Further, as usual - sculpt, cook.

Dumplings with potatoes Christmas original

Dumplings with potatoesIngredients for the dough:

  • 1. bottled water - 0.5 cups;
  • 2. flour - 3 cups;
  • 3. Egg - 1 pc;
  • 4. Olive oil - 2 tbsp.
  • 5. Salt - to taste, usually 1 hour. Spoon.

Prepare the dough in the same way as in the previous recipe, you can buy a ready-made ravioli dough.

Ingredients for the filling dumplings:

  • 1. raw potatoes - potatoes 5;
  • 2 onions - 1 pc;
  • 3. The vegetable oil - 3 tbsp.
  • 4. sea salt - 1 hour. Spoon;
  • 5. pepper - to taste;
  • 6. Garlic - optional.

Preparation:Filling for dumplings is different from the usual , so that the potatoes in this case is used in its raw form .The main advantage of such fillings for dumplings that it is juicy, very tender and more flavorful .Furthermore, it is easy to operate , due to viscosity .

To prepare the stuffing for dumplings , potatoes, cleaned, cut into quarters , spread in a pan with cold water and put on fire .Once the water has boiled , potatoes throws in a colander and pour over cold water.When the potatoes are completely cooled down (it is important to remove the unnecessary starch ), a rub on a small grater .The potato gruel add fried onion , add some salt , pepper , and optionally add a crushed clove of garlic .

Boiled dumplings as usual, dropping them in boiling , salted water , 8-10 minutes .Serve dumplings with butter or sour cream .

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