Reading skills are the foundation of all learning, one of the main conditions for successful studies of the child in school.The process of reading to children is quite complex, because it involves both memory, imagination, sound and hearing catalysts.Meanwhile, the read speed should be as close to the speed of speech.But how to learn to read quickly?In this article, you are invited to fast reading method that will help your young geeks, significantly raise the level of their own, and to increase the reading speed.
1. How quickly should a child learn to read?
2. Why is learning fast reading is not given to everyone?
3. Methods of rapid reading: how to learn to read quickly?
How quickly should a child learn to read?
child's school, which has a low reading speed will be harder to absorb new material.During the time he will spend on the reading of the problem or exercise, the child will have time to quickly read everything written in the notebook and begin the task.Speed Reading - a key performance factor, therefore, to learn to read quickly, it is very important.There is such a thing as "best read", it involves reading at a speed of 120-150 words per minute.This figure did not appear just like that - it is considered that when reading in the pace achieved the best assimilation of the material at school.
Why learning fast reading is not given to everyone?
One of the main reasons for slow reading in children, are the following:
Reason № 1. low level of attention and memory (reading the fourth word, the child, she no longer remembers the first, and therefore the meaning of reading can not understand).
Warning - the main engine of the reading process.Brain processes themselves are quite fast and therefore slowly reading the child turns his attention to some other thoughts, as a result - lost interest in reading, reading becomes mechanical, and the consciousness does not reach significance.Therefore, the main advice in this case - must systematically work with the child at home for the development of memory.
Reason № 2. decline in the operational field of vision.That is a child view does not cover all the whole word or even a few words, but only two or three letters.
Reason № 3. low vocabulary.
Reason number 4 .Regression - the so-called reflexive eye movements.Many children, without noticing, re-read the word twice, automatically, as it were, to be sure the correct reading.
Reason number 5 .Not developed articulation apparatus.
Reason number 6 .The works chosen for his age.
Methods quick reading: how to learn to read quickly?
In such a case, how to learn to read quickly a child?There is a special training rapid reading, developed by a special technique of fast reading.The following exercises will help to make sure that your child has a fast reading technique, and conscious and expressive:
• Education rapid reading: the first step.
Involve your child from an early age in an active process of reading.
more likely to read it themselves, and reading on the most interesting moments of stop and, citing fatigue, ask the child to read a piece of work.Pretend that you are distracted, and listened to, be sure to ask again what he had just read, ask what words were repeated several times?Explain to your child the words unintelligible.Discuss read.
• Education rapid reading: a second step.
Make reading a prerequisite for everyday life.
Every day your child write notes, some postcards, plans, to-do lists that make him commit.
• Education rapid reading: Step Three.
done on a period of the traditional view of slides, both in infancy, reading bedtime story.
slow change of bright frames, short captions under each, easy to read - perfect conditions for fast reading technique improved.
• Education rapid reading: a fourth step.
master parallel reading.
To do this you need to prepare two identical text.You will read the text aloud, and the child will be after you slide your finger over the lines.Gradually increase the speed of reading, but be sure to follow the child to keep up with you.Read some portions slowly and some quickly, for example, allocating thus dialogs.Ask, whether the child noticed the change rate?
• Education rapid reading: Step Five.
Control technique of fast reading, let the child read the job on time.
selecting simple text consisting of words familiar to him, note the time, for example, one minute, and then count how many words he could read.Be sure to tell him the number and "podhlestnite" his interest, questions like: "And soon will be able to?Let's check.Let again read the same text, the words read will definitely longer.Praise him and then note the time.Do this three times, but no more.This task will show your child that he can read much faster and that learning to read quickly is not difficult.
• Education rapid reading: Step Six.
Train reading to himself, not out loud.
When reading aloud the following processes:
- 1. eyes read the text,
- 2. there is a signal to the brain,
- 3. prepared speech organs,
- 4. text is spoken out loud,
- 5. ears perceive,
- 6. signal is again sent to the brain for analysis and comparison with what he heard read.
With this loss of speed reading is obvious prosheptyvanie - it is quite the same story.When the reading is "myself" - a very different picture.The child's eyes run ahead, and he begins to understand the meaning of the text read, the speed increases accordingly, sometimes significantly.
• Education rapid reading: Step Seven.
games with the accent.
As already explained, understanding the meaning of plain text - the main advantage is how to learn to read quickly.And placing the right emphasis here is not the last thing.Reading the word incorrectly, the child does not catch the meaning, loses the thread of history that reads, and thus reduces the speed, and can not retell old.How fast to read, if the brain frantically trying to find meaning, and in the end, so it does not find.Therefore, learning to read faster and also involves sessions with emphasis.
Select any word, and in turn put stress on all the syllables in a row, so the child will understand what it is talking about.After ask him how did correctly pronounce the word.
• Education rapid reading: Step Eight.
Stumbling on consonants.
Kids often stumble when reading when they see several consecutive consonants, "sister", "circle", "building".Your task is to write these words on a piece of paper and give the child time to time to read them, until no difficulty with such moments.Do not hesitate to enter new words.
• Education rapid reading: Step Nine.
following procedure quick read may seem strange to you, but do not neglect it - it is very useful for learning how to read quickly.The child should be read to himself while loud buzzing like a bee.
• Education rapid reading: Step Ten.
Write in the number of five or six vowels, inserted somewhere in the middle of one consonant letter and ask the child what letter superfluous?
• Education rapid reading: Step Eleven.
Write words that differ by only one letter.For example:
- 1. Cat - mouth,
- 2. Cat - kit,
- 3. Forest - weight,
- 4. Forest - bream.
Ask, what is the difference, and what is the similarity of the words.
• Education rapid reading: Step Twelve.
articulation exercises as a technique of fast reading.
Such exercises improve pronunciation, give breathing, make it clear.
For this read more tongue twisters, and doing it in different ways: loud and confident, slowly and in a whisper, to monitor closely prochityvanie, clear pronunciation of words endings.The methodology also included a quick read and reading proverbs.
• Education rapid reading: Step Thirteen.
development of the field of view.
Take a sheet of paper and draw a table, inscribed in every cell of one letter or syllable.From the child's need, silently read them all, pointing to the letter in pencil, and trying to read quickly.It is important that he tried to remember the location of the following letters or syllables of each other.They can be read from top to bottom, bottom up to form words, and so on.
• Education rapid reading: Step Fourteen.
Develop anticipation - so called semantic guess.
During the reading of the text, peripheral vision catches the child following words on the basis of reading can guess what the next word.
fast reading technique may include the following exercise, which aims to develop anticipation.You need to write sentences in which there are words with missing letters or syllables, let a child adds a missing letters.Then, complicates the problem and just write for him some phrases or words with gaps in the middle, in the end, at the beginning of words.
• Education rapid reading: Step Fifteen.
Reading from a bookmark.
When reading the text, the child should not move the tab as usual, below the line, and closing it already read them a call.This exercise will help to learn to read without repetitions and step up the pace.
• Education rapid reading: Step Sixteen.
This technique involves fast reading, reading the words that are written in different fonts.And these words can go straight, making a proposal.It is necessary to ensure that a different font is not knocked the child confused, do not take it as a kind of barrier.
• Education rapid reading: Step Seventeen.
Write on a piece of paper the word column, which increase in length during their modifications:
• Education rapid reading: Step Eighteen.
learn quickly to read, you can use the following exercises: two people reading the same text, but only the second reads it with a delay of a few words - three or four words.We must not lose.
• Education rapid reading: Step Nineteen.
Reading through his teeth.
child reads an unfamiliar text at top speed for it impacting the teeth and lips at the same time.After reading it will have to answer some questions about the text.To conduct such an exercise is recommended each time before reading the text aloud.
• Education rapid reading: Step Twenty.
Let your child learn to read with sound.To do this, simply turn the music to start without a word, and then complicate organizing reading the songs.
• Education rapid reading: Step Twenty One.
Exercise involves a child reading an unfamiliar text, while rapping a pencil advance the learned rhythm.
• Education rapid reading: twenty-second step.
child should be at full speed to read the text, finding the answers to any questions.This exercise will teach him to find in the main text.
• Education rapid reading: Step Twenty Three.
mandatory five-minute daily reading.
child should read mode buzzing read for five minutes.These exercises should be done daily for 4 lessons.
• Education rapid reading: Step Twenty Three.
Do not be lazy regularly arranged in his family all sorts of games with letters and words.Such training will help the child to easily navigate in space sets of letters and easy to read unfamiliar words.
• Education rapid reading: Step Twenty Four.
necessary that the child Make us a deep breath and exhale read 15 consonants - absolutely fit any set, for example: a, m, n, k, n, m, g, c, g, l, r, u, n,f.
• Education rapid reading: twenty-fifth step.
Folding the words of the half.
Take any simple word, break it into two parts and write two different cards, having prepared, so on the one lesson of about 10 words.Encourage your child to fold cards, collecting the whole word.Better yet, if such words can make a few options using the same card.Constantly amend and supplement the card.Over time, go to more complex words with three or more syllables.
• Education rapid reading: Step twenty-six.
reading with expression.
child needs to read a short passage of text, as he usually reads.Then go back to the beginning and read it again, but with the expression intonation, and thus at a different pace.Having read a familiar passage, it must continue to read without stopping tex on.
The idea is that the rate at familiar text, generated and accelerated subsequently falls, even when he goes to an unfamiliar part.
• Education rapid reading: twenty-seventh step.
During the reading of the text, the child command "Stop", stop reading the book separates from the head, closes his eyes for a few seconds rest.Then the command "start", he has to find the place in the book where he had previously finished reading.
• Education rapid reading: Step twenty-eighth.
child, silently, with a maximum reading speed of a small paragraph, the following paragraph he must begin to read aloud, and then again - a paragraph about yourself.The technique of fast reading in this case, works like this: read about myself, as you remember, much faster, reading aloud, with sharp transitions paced reading partially preserved, and the child reads faster.
• Education rapid reading: Twenty-ninth step.
Encourage your child to read the story in the roles, that is, each character with a different intonation.For example, the words of the wolf - rude and loud Bunny - quiet and a shrill voice.
• Education rapid reading: Step thirtieth.
reading inverted text.
Learning to read more confidently and quickly practicing reading inverted "upside down" sheet with the text.It promotes memorization skill standards holistic letters combination alphabetical analysis with semantic word endings.
• Education rapid reading: the thirty-first step.
Set deformed offers.
Practice with your child to change the word in a sentence.For example, write a sentence: "I have come to the friends on holiday" at random "friends to the feast came to me."Write on a piece of paper with dozens of such proposals, let their child unravels.
• Education rapid reading: Thirty-second step.
search a given word.
Arrange a competition with the children or attract adult: speak any word in the text on the page, one will find that word - the winner.Incentive prizes - are welcome.This game does not generate the ability to see some fragments and a complete image of the word.Besides exercise develops verbal memory.
• Education rapid reading: the thirty-third step.