elevated prolactin in women (hyperprolactinemia) is needed during pregnancy and breastfeeding.But in preparation for pregnancy increased prolactin levels can cause menstrual irregularities and prevent conception.Furthermore, prolactin can become a "culprit" of the development of mastitis.
What is the rate of prolactin in the blood of women
prolactin in the blood of women varies depending on the phase of the menstrual cycle:
- the first phase of menstrual cycle (follicular) - 4,5-33 ng / ml;
- ovulation - 6,3-49 ng / ml;
- second phase of the menstrual cycle (luteal) - 4,9-40 ng / ml.
causes of increased prolactin
Prolactin may increase during sleep, with stress, a lack of vitamin B6 during pregnancy, infant feeding Breastfeeding - a personal choice feeding.
Its content increases in diseases and tumors of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland, decreased thyroid function, polycystic ovary syndrome, severe kidney disease, liver and adrenal cortex with a reduction in the function
prolactin in women is also increased under the influence of drugs: H2 blockers histamine receptors that suppress gastric acid secretion (cimetidine, ranitidine), psychotropic drugs(neyroleptikkov, antidepressants), estrogens, diuretics (furosemide) and some others.
symptoms of high prolactin in women
Prolactin causes a disruption of the menstrual cycle and prevents conception.This happens because prolactin blocks the maturation of the egg in the ovary to suppress the secretion of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), estrogen reduces the secretion of ovarian follicles, thus Lipolysis, ovulation and pregnancy.Most cases of infertility related hormone is a high content of prolactin.But during breastfeeding increased prolactin is a natural protection from the new pregnancy.
Elevated levels of prolactin in women is also dangerous in that it stimulates the growth of tissue and ducts of the mammary glands.The ducts are sealed, forming a small cyst - formed hormonal disturbance breast Mastopatia - mirror women's health .Initially, diffuse lesion develops in both breasts, which can cause significant breast tenderness, especially before menstruation.
Over time, the diffuse form of the disease often becomes an anchor - in the breast is formed one or more major components.
Elevated levels of prolactin exerts effects on the nervous system, women become irritable, they have increased the level of anxiety anxiety - how to distinguish normal from disease? , often changing mood, decreased performance.
consequences of high prolactin in women - is infertility.In addition, with prolonged duration of nodal mastopathy, it can transform into breast cancer Breast cancer: What you need to know every woman .
Treating high prolactin
When mastopathy and menstrual cycle to suppress prolactin prescribed herbal drug Cyclodynon, which includes ordinary prostrate summer cypress.This drug also has beneficial effects on ovarian function.
bromocriptine ergot derivative used in all diseases, which are based on increased secretion of prolactin.It is a stimulant of the central and peripheral - dopamine receptors.It inhibits the secretion of prolactin, lactation, the recovery of the menstrual cycle, reduces the size and number of cysts in the mammary gland.This drug is also used to suppress the activity of the pituitary tumors that secrete prolactin - prolactin.
One of the most effective drugs that inhibit the secretion of prolactin, a dostineks.It also refers to a group of central and peripheral stimulators - dopamine receptors.Dostinex normalize prolactin levels, restores menstrual cycle and fertility.By reducing the content of prolactin in women recovering throbbing gonadotropin secretion and release of pituitary luteinizing hormone in the middle of the cycle, anovulatory cycles are eliminated.
Simultaneously, the treatment of diseases that have contributed to the development of hyperprolactinemia.Canceled drugs to stimulate the secretion of prolactin.If necessary, a surgical operation.
prolactin in women can play both positive and negative role.