What formula is best for babies: Choose wisely


What formula is best for babies Of course, the best food for the baby - mother's milk.But if breastfeeding problems, it is necessary to apply artificial mixture.In this situation, the woman faces a difficult choice: a range of children's products on the market is so large that it is time to get lost.How to determine what mix is ​​best for babies?

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What are mixtures

All infant formulas primarily vary in age, for whom they are intended.Products designed specifically for babies are the packages marked with the number "1".Otherwise, they are called "the first formula" or "mixtures of the first stage."

The consistency they can be:

  • dry (require dissolving in water),
  • liquid (ready to eat).

terms of the nutritional value of the difference between the two groups no.The liquid mixture is recovered from producers of the same whey powder, which is prepared from powder products.Their only advantage is that mothers do not need to spend time on their breeding.

In preparation technology "first formula" can be:

  • fresh - prepared from conventional milk,
  • sour milk (or acidophilus) - pre-milkacidify using lactic acid bacteria and then dried.

acidophilus mixture of good that contain "live" lactic acid bacteria, which form the normal flora in the intestines of healthy baby.However, they are not recommended in the first 2-3 weeks of life, because in this age of acidic foods provoke frequent regurgitation.With the permission of the doctor, such mixtures are administered to the diet of the newborn for 3-4 weeks in an amount of not more than 50% of the total power.

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Learning label

infant formula made from cow's or goat's milk, which is subjected to special treatment.Every manufacturer is trying to bring their food to the standard - breast milk.But to achieve absolute identity does not allow even the most modern technology.Therefore, all that remains moms - to scrutinize labels and independently assess the quality of the products offered.

on what you need to pay special attention when choosing the mixture for infants?

Protein Protein is necessary for the growth of the baby.But this does not mean that it should be as much as possible.The high concentration of nutrient creates an unnecessary burden on the kidneys and increase the risk of allergic reactions.Therefore, the optimum is considered the protein content in the mixture to 1.6 grams per 100 milliliters.For comparison, the figure of human milk ranges from 0.8 to 1.2 g / 100 ml.

  • ratio of albumin and casein

Albumin - a water-soluble proteins that are rapidly digested in the gut.But casein refers to the insoluble proteins.Once in the digestive tract, it forms therein curd clot that is absorbed over time.In breast milk the ratio of albumin to casein is 70:30.A cow - 20:80.To correct the situation, manufacturers are bred animal product and enrich it with additional albumin.The closer is the end result of a perfect proportion, the better.

Fats Animal fats that are poorly tolerated by infants, are blended with plant replaced.For this purpose they are administered various fatty oil - corn, sunflower, rapeseed, soybean, coconut.Many disputes arise about the safety of palmitic oil.There is evidence that it contains palmitic acid interferes with calcium absorption.However, most manufacturers are subjected to the results of the research until doubts and abandon this component is not in a hurry.

great importance is the qualitative composition of fats.Vegetable oil should be rich in unsaturated fatty acids: linolenic, arachidonic, dokozogeksaenovoy, omega-3 and omega-6.These ingredients are necessary for the normal development of the nervous system of the baby.The fact that they are in a mixture, the manufacturer usually indicates in brief annotations to the product.

  • Carbohydrates

Most mixes carbohydrates presented lactose.Milk sugar increases the absorption of calcium and promotes the formation of normal flora.Some of the mixture is further enriched fructose and oligosaccharides - these components also serve as a good breeding ground for beneficial bacteria.The presence of other carbohydrates (sucrose, glucose, glucose : energy source Glucose: The energy source , fructose) in the "first formula" undesirable because they increase flatulence.

  • osmolality

From this figure depends on the load on the kidneys of the baby.A good mixture of osmolality should not exceed 320 mOsm / L.

Taurine is an amino acid necessary for the formation of the brain and organs of the baby.In aged 1.5-2 months, she begins synthesized in the body from other compounds.Until that moment the taurine newborns can only receive food.The concentration of amino acids in infant formula should be 4.0-5.0 mg / 100 ml.

  • Nucleotides

stimulates immunity Immunity - the types and characteristics of children in adult Immunity - types and characteristics in children in adults , improved composition of intestinal microflora, participate in the process of cell division.In adults, the nucleotides are synthesized from amino acids.Children should be getting them from the outside.

  • Carnitine

vitamin-like substance that is responsible for the development of the nervous and immune systems.Its content in the infant formula should be from 1.0 to 1.5 mg / 100 ml.

  • Vitamins and minerals

As with breast milk, infant formulas contain more than 20 beneficial vitamins and minerals.Remember what should be the content of each element is not possible.But pay attention to the following values.The amount of iron in 100 ml of the product should be 0.6-0.8 mg ascorbic acid - 5.10 mg, vitamin D - 40-50 IU (1-1,25 mg).Ratio of calcium to phosphorus should be from 1.5: 1 to 2: 1.Iron prevents anemia Anemia - when you do not have enough blood Anemia - when you do not have enough blood the baby.The remaining components will ensure the normal growth of bone tissue.

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for special kids

addition to the standard, there are still so-called therapeutic mixture, the composition of which is adapted for children with disabilities.

  • mixtures of prematurity (Nutrilon Pres, Pres Nan) contain high amounts of protein for quick dialing mass.They are used as long as the weight of the baby reaches 3 kg, then the child is transferred to ordinary food.
  • lactose-free mixture (Nutrilon lactose-free, lactose-free Nutrilak) are designed for children with lactose intolerance.Carbohydrates are presented maltodextrins or corn syrup.
  • Hydrolyzed soy or mixtures fed babies are intolerant of cow's protein.
  • antireflux mixture prescribed to children suffering from frequent regurgitation.They include natural thickeners - rice starch or gums that swell in the stomach and prevent return of the food.
  • Bezglyuteinovye mixture shown celiac disease Celiac disease - not quite intestinal pathology Celiac disease - not quite intestinal pathology (congenital disease that is accompanied by damage to the villi of the small intestine).
  • mixture without phenylalanine are designed for children with phenylketonuria (mental retardation).

When choosing a mixture should consult your pediatrician.It will take into account features of the baby's health and recommend the most suitable products.

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Review standard mixtures for babies

Options

optimum values ​​

The mixture Frisolak Gold 1

The mixture Nutricia Baby 1

The mixture SemperBaby 1

The mixture Similac Premium 1

The mixture Hipp Kombiotik 1

The mixture Agusha Gold 1

Protein, g / 100 ml

0,90-160

1,40

1,40

1,50

1,40

1,40

1,42

The ratio of albumin and casein

70:30

60:40

60:40

60:40

50:50

57:43

70:30

osmolality, mOsm / L

290-320

310

270

310

316

285

290

Taurine, mg / 100 ml

4,0-5,0

6,0

5,0

4,6

45

5,1

4,5

Carnitine mg / 100 ml

1,0-1,5

2,0

1,5

1,0

1,1

1,9

1,2

Iron mg / 100 ml

0,6-0,8

0,78

0,7

0,7

0,79

0,6

0,84

Ascorbic Acid mg / 100 ml

5-10

9,2

9,0

6,0

10

9,0

10

Vitamin D, IU

40-50

48

40

52

35

36

44

ratio of calcium and phosphorus

1,5-2,0 to 1

1,7: 1

1,6: 1

1,46

1,89

1,8

1,47