answer to the question why a newborn hiccups, may be different.But the causes of hiccups in newborns Hiccups in newborns: what to do if it does not lag behind? , can be divided into two major groups: the reasons related to the child's adaptation to the new conditions of life, and a variety of diseases (mainly related with perinatal lesions of the central nervous system).
mechanism of hiccups
hiccups - an involuntary, stereotyped repetitive short breath during intense closed or severely narrowed glottis.Hiccups are caused by a sudden contraction of the diaphragm central or peripheral origin.Presumably the "center" is a hiccup in the cervical region of the spinal cord at the level III-IV cervical vertebrae.The signals from the peripheral tissues to the "center" get away from the sensitive fibers of the phrenic and vagus nerves.
When hiccups central origin cause is some abnormality of the spinal cord, while the peripheral hiccups often somehow irritated phrenic nerve.
newborn hiccups associated with adaptation to new conditions of life
A newborn child has shortcomings as the central nervous system and gastrointestinal tract.In the period of adaptation to the new conditions of this imperfection may manifest as hiccups, growing in response to external stimuli.This hiccup is physiological in nature and does not harm the child, but usually frightens parents.Physiological hiccup characterized in that it does not appear regularly, and in response to any external conditions and rarely lasts longer than 15-20 minutes.
most frequent causes of such hiccups associated with feeding.So why newborn hiccups after a feeding?If the mother has a lot of milk, the baby chokes, grabs, and interrupts the sucking air at the same time, his stomach may overflow and put pressure on the diaphragm, including squeezing phrenic nerve, which leads to the appearance of hiccups.Swallowing air can cause, and poor attachment of the child to her breast.
To avoid hiccups, to properly put the baby to the breast (it should capture not only the nipple and surrounding areola) and after each feeding to keep the child in an upright position "column" as long as it does not sound otrygnetair.Over time, the child adapts to learn how to breastfeed, and hiccups will not arise.If the baby is bottle-fed, you should avoid overfeeding - it is also a common cause of hiccups.
child should get as much milk mixture Dairy mixture - selection of the useful power a day, as calculated by a doctor of his age and weight.
addition causes associated with feeding, the hiccup reflex can occur if the child freezes, as well as in response to a sudden strong stimuli (loud sound or bright light).To hiccups passed, enough to warm the baby, give him the chest and remove the sources of external stimuli.
main feature of physiological adaptation of hiccups is a normal general condition of the child: he is actively suckles well and gaining weight.
Why hiccup newborns - causes associated with different pathologies
If there is a hiccup often lasts more than 20 minutes in a row and appears regardless of external factors, the child should see a doctor.The pediatrician will usually refer such children to consult a neurologist, as the most frequent cause of hiccups are perinatal lesions of the central nervous system (CNS).The term "perinatal" refers to perinatal, which occurred in the period from 28 weeks of pregnancy and ending the first week of life.
That is, in this period could have happened CNS associated with some left over mother infection, insufficient blood supply to the baby's brain during pregnancy (placental insufficiency), birth trauma Birth injuries - than they threaten your child? or some transferred in the first week of life-threatening disease.All these factors can cause loss of the cervical spinal cord, which manifests itself, inter alia, in the form of a regular hiccups.
course, perinatal CNS lesion must be promptly identified and treated.But they rarely appear only in one hiccups Hiccups - and if this is something serious? .Typically, these children vomit, take bad chest behind in weight and physical development.
A newborn baby hiccups can also be a sign of intoxication on the background of a serious illness, such as pneumonia.In this case, formed in the body toxic products of inflammation can influence, at both the central and the peripheral unit, causing a long, hard peel away the hiccups.