Newborn stools - the norm or a reason for experiences?
A newborn diarrhea is very common, it scares the parents and it is in vain, as the main criterion for the baby's health is his general condition.If the baby is taking the breast, he sleeps between feedings and normally gaining weight, no cause for concern.
Features of the digestive system of the newborn have
newly born baby born sterile gut, but gradually he began to be occupied by microflora, whose main function - to aid in digestion.But along with useful or normal microflora in the intestines of a newborn appears opportunistic flora, which not only aids in digestion, and may at any time cause inflammation.
in the neonatal period (the first month of life) the child has a greater or lesser extent, there are signs of physiological dysbiosis Dysbacteriosis - what brings self , due to a temporary breach of the relationship between the normal and the pathogenic microflora.But if the newborn receives breast milk, most of the time to worry about dysbiosis is not necessary, since human milk has substances that suppress the vital activity of pathogenic microflora and promotes the growth of beneficial microflora.If the baby is bottle-fed, the risk of further development of dysbiosis exists.
Due to the imperfection of the gastrointestinal tract in the gut of the child is always a process of fermentation, which complements the process of digestion of food, so there is often accumulated gases.It is the cause of frequent anxiety infants.
In addition, in the first week of life is often found insufficient production of digestive enzyme lactase in the small intestine.Lactase breaks down milk sugar - lactose, lactase deficiency therefore also called lactose intolerance.Newborn lactase deficiency, as well as goiter, is physiological, transient in nature and in a few weeks, usually alone.
liquid portion of the chair of the newborn - the norm or pathology?
first stool of the newborn (meconium) appears immediately after birth.It is a sterile dark green uniform mass odorless, which consists of amniotic fluid, mucus, digestive juices and desquamated epithelium of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT).Meconium can be released for three days and gradually appear in it bacteria.
approximately on the fourth day instead of meconium appears cal.When breastfeeding a newborn chair has a bright yellow color, the sour smell and pasty consistency with small amounts of mucus and undigested lumps unit.Since the first week of life the baby is often manifested transient lactase deficiency, it may appear frothy stools, which disappears after 4-8 weeks.
have a newborn baby who is breast-fed, diarrhea can be after each feeding.And as is currently recommended to feed the baby "on demand", the chair can be up to 10 times a day.
gradually adapts to the child's GI food intake, it is less and to a greater extent sucking breast milk, stool becomes more rare, 2-3 times a day.But it also happens that breast milk is very well absorbed, because of what a chair is a once in a few days.If the child is not worried, it is also a normal variant.
At artificial feeding a child breast Breastfeeding - a personal choice happening on the clock - usually every 3 hours with 6-hour night break, so the chair normally be about eight times a day.Its color is not as bright (usually a light yellow), as in breastfeeding, has some unpleasant odor alkaline, thicker consistency and greater volume.
If neonatal diarrhea is associated with the pathology of
most reliable sign of any disease is the general condition of the child.If he is calm, actively suckles and developing normally, parents can rest easy.
inconvenienced child often intestinal colic - intestinal cramps against a background of increased gas formation.The baby cries, Sucitu legs, grabs his chest mouth and immediately throws it.In this case can help:
- dry heat in the stomach - can be in the form of a heated diapers, perfectly relieves spasms of the intestine, the gases are moving away, the child calms down;
- vapor tube - it is introduced into the rectum, which also contributes to the discharge of gases;
- antiflatulents - medications that help the removal of gas from the intestines - dill water, drops Baby Calm emulsion Espumizan 40 - all this newborn appoint a physician;
- drugs, probiotics (bifidumbakterin, laktobakterin), composed of colonies of microorganisms that are part of the normal intestinal microflora.
Newborn yellow liquid stools without mucus can be a sign of lactase deficiency, it can be identified only by means of laboratory tests.If the child appears loose or mushy stools with large green mucus mixed with blood and the child is restless, bad breastfeed, vomits, his fever, you should seek medical attention immediately.
Newborn stools may be a sign of how the rules and signs of pathology, will be able to understand everything a doctor.