Feeding a child of 1 year shall include all the necessary food ingredients.That power is the most important factor characterizing the degree of the child's adaptation to the external world.Power determines the opportunities for growth and development of the
Feeding children under one year
At the heart of the power of the child up to a year to be human milk.Gradually, over the years, human milk is replaced with normal food.Human milk is the natural equivalent of umbilical connection intrauterine period of development, allowing to preserve the most complete intimate relationship between maternal and newborn body.
Breastfeeding is the best kind of feeding a child up to a year.Human milk is ideally suited to the newborn, as adapted to the peculiarities of its digestion and metabolism.In the women's milk contains a sufficient amount of food ingredients necessary for growth and development of the child's first months of life.In addition, human milk contains antibodies to various infectious agents - they protect the baby from illness.
Clinical experience shows that the best mode of infant feeding Breastfeeding - a personal choice first months of life is feeding "on demand", that is when he begins to worry and cry.
mother's breast in this case is not only a source of food, but also a powerful calming factor.Over time, as you grow, the child begins to suck the milk longer, and hence less likely to require chest - there is the correct diet.
About suffice if the child breast milk, says the monthly weight gain.The norm is weight gain during the first month of life of 600 g, and the second and third - for 800 Backlog of these rules says underfeeding, in which case a pediatrician decide on the possibility of supplementary feeding baby breast milk substitutes.
Nowadays, produced a lot of very high-quality blends, intended for feeding infants up to one year, which take into account the individual characteristics of the child.Matches milk (or dairy-free) blend for supplementary feeding a doctor.These mixtures can be used for artificial or mixed feeding.
Besides dairy baby food starting at four to six months, begin to introduce solid foods introduce solid foods - how not to be mistaken with a choice of products? , which is gradually replacing milk.With four months, the child is recommended to give first apple juice, and two weeks later - applesauce, beginning with a teaspoon.Total lures three - they replace three breastfeeding.Gets the child and other foods that also was gradually replacing breast milk.
first solid foods to children who are breastfed are beginning to show in five or six months, and bottle-fed two weeks earlier.By this time the child is already feeding regime should be established to 5-6 times a day with a night break.This vegetable puree or milk porridge.The second lure introduced a month after the first - milk porridge or vegetable puree (which entered the first - decides pediatrician).Third lure - a fermented milk product is introduced in 8 months and gradually replace another feeding.
Power child per year
In the year the child should receive food five times a day.The volume of each feed should be about 200 ml.If he was still getting to the chest, then it is given in the morning and evening.But more to the breast milk is replaced by milk or dairy products.Diet child per year must include a sufficient amount of protein, carbohydrates, fats, minerals and vitamins necessary for proper development of the organism.The total daily calorie child in 1 year is about 1200 kcal.
Sample menu for a child under the age of 1 year:
- 6:00 - breast milk, or a mixture of biscuits;
- 10 hours - porridge (alternate different - buckwheat, oats, corn, rice) + 150 g apple puree - 50 g;
- 14 hours - vegetable soup 120 g + steam burger (beef or chicken white meat) 40 g + stewed fruit + toast 50 ml, 15 g;
- 18 hours - cottage cheese - 50 g + half of egg yolk + kefir Kefir: the benefits and harms drink centenarians 150 ml + biscuits;
- 22 hours - or breast milk formula Dairy mixture - selection of the useful power cookies.
Feeding a child after a year
is also important proper nutrition and children after a year.On the second and third year of life the child grows even more intense than at the end of the first year of life.The child not only increases the weight of the body, its body is the improvement of the structure and function of the central nervous system, internal organs, immune system, etc.The child becomes more active, both physically and mentally, and this requires the intake of essential nutrients.
Therefore, when drawing up the diet of the child is taken into account the age requirement for certain substances, the number of meals, ways of cooking and taste of food.
number of meals-on-year to 1.5 years is 5, the daily volume - 1100 ml, the energy value - 1300 kcal.From 1.5 to 3 years chetyrehrazovoe power, up to 1300-1400 ml per day, caloric - 1600 kcal.From 3 to 7 years chetyrehrazovoe power, volume up to 1800 ml per day, calorie - 2300 kcal.
Feeding a child of 1 year is the basis for its further growth and development.