Puberty child - stages of a complex path

sexual maturation puberty or puberty - a time when girls and boys turn into young men and women, becoming more mature, not only physically but also psychologically.At this time, the human body is changing rapidly, but are undergoing major changes and ideas about themselves and the world around.There are no two people who have passed puberty would be quite the same, but there are certain patterns that unite all those who pass through this difficult period in his life.


Time changes

When a person reaches a certain age, his brain begins to produce gonadotropin-releasing hormone, or GnRH.It stimulates the pituitary gland and, in turn, begins to produce two hormone concentration in the blood during puberty significantly increases: luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH).These hormones are present in the bodies of both girls and boys, however, depending on the gender of the person, they influence the development of different parts of the body.

in men LH and FSH triggers the start of testosterone Five myths about testosterone Five myths about testosterone and sperm.Testosterone - a hormone that is responsible for most of the changes occurring in the body of a young man with puberty.

The female body LH and FSH act on the ovaries, which begins to produce the hormone estrogen Estrogen - the key to healthy bones Estrogen - the key to bone health .This hormone, in combination with LH and FSH the body prepares girls for the future motherhood.From the point of view of physiology, puberty hormones are made from adult children - this is due to higher levels of sex hormones to the "adult" level.After this period the person is ready to fertility - at least physically.

Puberty begins between the ages of seven and thirteen girls and nine to fifteen years - the young men.In some cases, puberty may start a little earlier or later.


rebound of

jump in growth is not in vain called just that - at that time a person is growing so fast that the hose is constantly becoming shorter and pants look as if before they were younger brothers or sisters.This continues for two to three years, and at the peak of growth spurt person can grow more than 10 cm per year.After the end growth spurt body will no longer grow - until the end of life will increase as it became in the period of puberty.(It should be noted that there are diseases of which the man continues to grow, even when puberty ends - in these cases, doctors need help, in addition, old growth can be reduced by 3-5 cm).


Finding forms

During puberty, the body not only gets higher - happen to him and other changes.Body weight increases.The young men's shoulders are wider, there are more muscle tissue.The voice becomes lower - after a period of breaking vote, during which he can sound a little too low, but too high.The penis becomes longer and wider, the testicles increase.

Body girls becomes more pronounced curves, it increases the amount of adipose tissue - especially in the hips and chest.Sometimes one breast grows faster than the other, but in most cases, after a while they become the same size.The deposition of subcutaneous fat in some parts of the body is the norm for women and adolescent girls are not recommended to sit on a diet or trying to lose weight in other ways, as long as their bodies have not issued the final.If you suspect that overweight should consult a doctor.

On average, over 2-2.5 years after girls' breasts begin to grow, they begin the first month.This is one of the most important features by which we can understand that puberty proceeds normally, and hormones are doing their job.


hair everywhere

maybe not everywhere, but almost everywhere - at least, so it seems the teenager, who until now had no problems with unwanted hair.Do boys and girls during puberty hair starts growing in the armpits, pubic hair, they become much more upright.By the end of puberty in boys also start to grow hair on the face and chest, sometimes - on the back.The growth of facial hair in women is a sign of hormonal failure - such problem should contact a doctor.


Trouble with skin

With puberty comes something else - acne and acne Acne: facial trouble Acne: facial trouble , or acne.Only about 20% of teens go through puberty with a perfectly clean skin Clean skin: the beauty of the need to fight Clean skin: the beauty of the need to fight .

Usually, pimples appear at the beginning of puberty, and tested to 17-20 years (though there are exceptions, when people suffer from acne up to 30 years).The most problem areas are the face, décolleté and shoulders.



Another unpleasant surprise puberty is the changing body odor.This is inevitable and, if the activity of the sebaceous glands to the end of puberty decrease slightly, the sweat glands will work actively to the time when the next start hormonal changes - in adulthood.Fortunately, the deal with smells quite simple - you need to do every day to take a shower, use deodorant and, of course, every day wear clean underwear and clothes.