Valerian - one of the most popular plants with soothing properties.On its basis, prepare a variety of drugs.This extracts and tinctures, intended for brewing and powders in filter bags.Among all the possible embodiments of valerian extract tablets is the most convenient dosage form.
How does drug
The composition of valerian extract contains several active substances, each of which contributes to the effect of the drug:
- borneol and valeric acid reduces the excitability of the central nervous system,
- alkaloids and hoteninValerín enhance the inhibitory processes in the cerebral cortex,
- valeric acid and valeopatriaty spasms of smooth muscles, has a slight choleretic effect,
- mono- and sesquiterpenes cause dilation of coronary blood vessels and slow the heart rate.
Like most fitosredstv extract, valerian has a cumulative effect, ie its effect is manifested only in the long-term regular use.
So, decrease anxiety anxiety - how to distinguish normal from disease? patients reported at not earlier than 2-4 weeks from the beginning of the course.For this reason, the tablets should not be used in case of emergency, for example, for relief of hysterics, strong mental excitement or as a "fast" sleeping pills.
Valerian extract is shown in the following states:
- increased nervous irritability,
- sleep disorders Dreams: how to understand our dreams ,
- allergic diseases accompanied by pruritus (including eczema, psoriasis),
- irritable bowel syndrome("Bear's disease»),
- biliary dyskinesia,
- «tides" have in premenopausal women,
- lung abnormalities in the cardiovascular system (for example, a small tachycardia Tachycardia - the body to the limit? , occurring against the backdrop of vascular dystonia).
How to take valerian extract tablets
Pharmaceutical manufacturers make an extract of valerian in various dosages.The amount of drug in a tablet can range from 20 to 200 mg.
- in childhood shows a welcome dose of valerian in minimum.Children from 4 to 7 years physicians prescribe daily no more than 1 tablet containing 20 mg dry matter.After 7 years, you can take 1 tablet 3 times a day.
- extract at a dose of 30 mg and 150 are allowed to use in adults and children over 12 years - depending on the state of 2-3 tablets 1-3 times a day.
- The maximum dose - 200 mg - the drug is recommended for adolescents and adults: 1 tablet 2-3 times a day.
optimal course of treatment - a month.
Subject to the instructions of valerian extract is well tolerated.Cases of acute poisoning with only the occasional note taking more than 20 grams of the drug.The patient feels a hand shake, abdominal pain, dizziness.Symptoms are eliminated after gastric lavage.
Chronic overdose can occur with excessively prolonged use of valerian (for three months or more).
condition manifested apathy, sleepiness, decreased performance, frequent headaches, constipation.The adverse reactions occur after discontinuation of the drug.
Some patients with hypertension when taking valerian extract may experience the opposite effect - increased irritability, sleep disturbances, nightmares.
drug is contraindicated:
- children under three years,
- pregnant in the first trimester of gestation,
- the presence of an allergic reaction to valerian.
What you need to know
extract Valerian should not be taken simultaneously with other sedatives Sedatives - take valerian and be happy? and antihistamines.Their sedative effect can stack up with unpredictable results.At the time of treatment, it is desirable to refrain from drinking alcohol.
All drugs valerian reduces the concentration and speed of psychomotor reactions.Therefore, caution is recommended to use their transport drivers and people engaged in hazardous occupations.