Conjunctivitis of the newborn - a contagious infection
conjunctivitis in the newborn - a phenomenon often enough, as during childbirth and after the child is faced with a variety of infections that can cause infectious and inflammatory diseases, including in the conjunctiva.The disease is not harmless, because the infection can spread to other organs.
What causes purulent conjunctivitis in the newborn
child is born sterile, but during delivery, passing through the birth canal of women, it can come into contact with a variety of microorganisms, including pathogens capable of causing purulent inflammation.Newborn in contact with other people (relatives, medical personnel), which may also give him the infection.
Given imperfect immunity Immunity - the types and characteristics of children in adult newborn child, this represents a significant risk, because the process can quickly make generalized (spread to other organs and tissues) character.That is why a woman in the antenatal clinic throughout the pregnancy several times examined for a variety of infections, and the diagnosis of infection being treated.
purulent conjunctivitis in the newborn may develop on the background of dacryocystitis - blockage and inflammation of the nasolacrimal duct.The main function of the nasolacrimal duct is a diversion of tears from the eye into the nasal cavity.The eye should always be washed with tears - with tears washed off with conjunctival infection.Quite often in newborns nasolacrimal duct is obstructed (mucus, exfoliated epithelium).This causes stagnation of tears, her breeding present pathogens of purulent conjunctivitis.
How does conjunctivitis in the newborn
neonatal conjunctivitis manifested as redness and swelling of the conjunctiva (mucous membrane) of eyelids and transient foldsas well as the appearance of purulent discharge.
inflammatory process begins first in one eye, and after a few hours or days - in the second.The conjunctiva becomes bright red, swollen eyelids of the child so that he could barely open his eyes, cilia appear on discharge.Discharge can wear slimy, mucopurulent and purulent, sometimes it is the phase of the same disease.Typical manifestations of neonatal conjunctivitis are also small purulent discharge around the eyes and frozen purulent crusts on the eyelids in the morning.
Against suppurative inflammation can increase a child's temperature, it becomes sluggish, poorly breastfeed, sometimes vomits.But quite often purulent conjunctivitis in the newborn Conjunctivitis in newborns - distressed eyes occurs without general symptoms, the child can be seen only local manifestations of his.
neonatal conjunctivitis is dangerous because the infection can spread to other organs and tissues.This may be pustular rash on the skin, sore umbilical wound, intestinal infection, pneumonia Pneumonia - Symptoms and Causes and so on.
first manifestations dacryocystitis usually appears at the beginning of the second week of life.The first patient glazik simply accumulates a tear, and after joining the infection appears pus.The inflammatory process in this case most often caused by opportunistic pathogens, infesting the skin of a newborn.
How and what to treat conjunctivitis in neonates
neonatal conjunctivitis can be treated only by a doctor.Treatment begins with the appointment of drug therapy:
- eyewash newborn antiseptic solutions (eg furatsilina), infusions of chamomile, St. John's Wort Hypericum and its beneficial properties - whether a miracle? ;procedures can be carried out 5-6 times a day, removing pus from the conjunctiva;It is very important during the procedure to prevent ingress of pus into other organs and tissues, including the skin and gastrointestinal tract of the baby;before and after the procedure, the behavior of the mother should wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water;several times a day should be changed underwear child, if the child is bottle-fed, it is necessary to sterilize bottles;
- eyes and buried antibacterial solutions (for example, 10% solution Albucidum 0.25% solution of chloramphenicol and other) in accordance with the appointment of a doctor;
- if necessary, the doctor prescribes antibacterial eye ointment - for example, erythromycin ointment, which should be for a lower eyelid twice a day;
- treatment of conjunctivitis in the newborn if it is a consequence of dacryocystitis, also begins with conservative medical treatment to relieve inflammation and destruction of the infection.To remove the mucus that clogs the nasolacrimal duct is assigned a special massage - the doctor's mother teaches him tricks.With the ineffectiveness of conservative treatment is performed under local anesthesia nasolacrimal duct intubation.
conjunctivitis in the newborn - is a serious disease that should be treated by the doctor.