menstrual disorders affect women of all ages.Especially dangerous and unfavorable prognosis in terms of menstrual disorders in adolescents.The most commonly in adolescent girls found juvenile uterine bleeding, and their frequency is 52%.Menstrual disorders in adolescence can lead to irreversible consequences (infertility).Mothers of teenage girls should carefully monitor their menstrual cycle and in case of any deviations as soon as possible take the girl to a doctor who will prescribe the necessary treatment.
menstrual cycle at teenagers
first menstrual period (menarche) occurs in girls aged 11-14 years.Only one-third of the girls menstrual cycle is established immediately, in other cases it requires a fairly long period of time (from one year to one and a half years).In a normal menstrual blood loss should not be less than 60 ml and more 120. Menses should be painless or accompanied by a slight pain in the abdomen.Duration of the menstrual cycle of 21-35 days, and the duration of menses
main cause of menstrual disorders in adolescents are considered to be factors acting on the brain.These include various head injuries, infections of the meninges and the brain (meningitis, encephalitis), frequent colds (SARS, influenza), chronic tonsillitis Chronic tonsillitis - inflammation of the tonsils .All these diseases disrupt the neuroendocrine connection between the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland, which leads to disruption of the menstrual cycle.Arterial hypertension and cardiopsychoneurosis (VVD) also can cause menstrual disorders in adolescents.Girls who are overweight tend to first menstruation begins very early, and in the future there is irregular, properly menstrual cycle.
rapid weight loss, more than 15% of body weight (for girls, exhausting themselves diets) is uniquely persistent violations of the menstrual cycle, which is associated not only with the general weight loss, but also a decrease in the size of the uterus and ovaries.Not least important, and is a hereditary disease, syndrome sclerocystic ovarian disease or Stein-Leventhal.This pathology manifests obesity, hirsutism (increased hairiness), acne, irregular menstrual cycles and infertility in the future in the absence of treatment.In addition to violations of the menstrual cycle can cause a variety of genital infections (chlamydia, ureaplasmosis Ureaplasmosis - inflammation of the urogenital system , human papilloma virus, etc.), bad habits (alcoholism, drug addiction, smoking), early and promiscuous.Special graphs should be noted congenital anomalies of genital organs (the partition of the vagina), the absence of the cervix or uterus, no ovaries.
Juvenile uterine bleeding
For juvenile bleeding include acyclic (irregular) uterine bleeding occurring in adolescent girls.The clinical picture is characterized by long, more than seven days, heavy bleeding that leads to anemia (anemia).As a rule, such bleeding occurs after a long delay of menstruation (one and a half - six months), but may occur and fourteen - sixteen days after the previous bleeding Spotting - it is important to rule out pathology .Most juvenile uterine bleeding occur after an infectious disease or of mental overload.
Treatment of menstrual disorders in adolescents
treatment of menstrual cycle begins with the removal of the cause.Needless skinny girls assigned high-calorie diet, rich in vitamins and proteins.Emotional teenagers who are prone to stress is recommended normalization regime of the day, restful sleep Dreams: how to understand our dreams and soothing herb.In the treatment of menstrual disorders cyclic vitamin therapy is effective.In case of endocrine pathology prescribe hormones.