Aggression and overcome it (the psychiatric aspect) - as a "blow off steam"?
Most people would agree that aggression can be dangerous and often causes serious problems, although in some cases it is really necessary.
Aggression: biological, psychological and cultural aspects
Aggression has been actively studied as doctors and psychologists and sociologists and anthropologists.The fact that the aggression has many different sources: biological - hormones and genes, psychological - such as frustration, cultural - idealization of aggressive behavior in the media;For this reason, it is run by several sciences.
Scientists have studied brain activity aggressive men using single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) to determine which areas of the brain responsible for aggression.It turned out that aggressive men observed unusual activity in the left temporal lobe of the brain.Recurrent thoughts and attention on the object of aggression associated with the activities of the anterior cingulate gyrus and prefrontal cortex controls the pulses associated with aggressive behavior.Men who have problems because of the aggression, fixed atypically high or low activity in the left temporal lobe, increased activity in the anterior cingulate gyrus, and reduced - in the prefrontal cortex.The definition of abnormal activity in certain areas of the brain has great practical benefit as it allows physicians to prescribe drugs that are ideally suited to suppress excessive aggressiveness - or develop new drugs with such properties.But why certain parts of the brain sometimes begin to function properly?
In some cases, due to excessive aggressive behavior are genetic abnormalities.It was identified a gene that in some people can lead to abnormal aggression - we know that it is transmitted through the female line, but occurs only in men.Reduced levels of serotonin are also associated with aggression, but it is unclear is whether the reduction in the level of serotonin aggressive behavior, or vice versa.
The causes of aggression are also often referred to as the modern media, mainly television and computer games.One study, which lasted more than two decades, has shown that children who are around the age of eight years, often watching movies and TV programs containing scenes of violence, to thirty years are more likely to have been arrested.However, many experts believe that the tendency to aggressive behavior depends on the characteristics of human personality.In one study it was found that children who from an early age was noted quite aggressive behavior after watching movies with scenes of violence often became even more aggressive.However, the behavior of children who were not aggressive by nature, virtually unchanged.However, many experts are concerned that modern media violence often appears as a valid way of solving problems, and not even too aggressive children and adolescents may begin to believe that aggression - this is normal.Finally, if in society there is a stereotype of aggressive male leader, there is a great likelihood that adolescents and young (and sometimes adults), people will resort to aggression only in order to meet the expectations of others, even if they abhor violence.
Aggression can be a symptom of disease
following violations can cause aggressive behavior:
- Antisocial personality disorder;
- attention deficit hyperactivity disorder;
- Borderline Personality Disorder;
- disorders caused by dementia, including Alzheimer's disease Alzheimer's disease - can be slowed down, you can not be cured and Huntington's disease;
- Post-traumatic stress disorder;
- Substance abuse;
- Brain tumors;
- Traumatic brain injury.
In some cases, aggression can be a symptom of a serious or life-threatening conditions, which include:
- Acute delirium;
- strong alcohol or drug intoxication or withdrawal;
If the person shows sudden and unwarranted aggression, as soon as possible to see a doctor.
How to defeat aggression until it is won you
following techniques to help cope with aggression, not cause serious physical or mental illness Mental illness - ashamed to ask for help? .
Relaxation.Simple relaxation techniques Relaxation and stress - calm, not panic! , such as deep breathing or visualization, helps to calm and soothe the anger.There are books and courses that can teach you these techniques;they can be trained and together with a partner - it will be very useful if you are both prone to outbursts of aggression.Here are some simple tips to help relax:
- Breathe deeply, filling the air diaphragm - shallow breathing is not conducive to relaxation;
- Slowly repeat out loud or to yourself words like "I spoen", "I do not take it all to heart," and so on;
- Imagine something that calms you - the water surface, green leaves, or something else;
- If possible, practice yoga for at least 10-15 minutes.
Use relaxation techniques on a daily basis - you will notice that over time, they are becoming more efficient, and you start to use them automatically.
yield of aggression - do not take it out on human beings, and work out who will take your negative energy.You can do, for example, kickboxing, but you can just several times a week to beat the hands and feet punching bag.Many people who have had problems with aggressive behavior, argue that helps any sport, provided that the person is trained to wear, for example, jogging, after which you can barely stand on his feet, gives a yield of negative energy, and a couple of days after itpropensity to aggression makes itself felt.Try different kinds of sports, and choose the one that is right for you.
solve problems.Sometimes aggression caused very real problems - if that is the case, then the first step is to realize that yelling and shaking his fists no sense.Take it easy (for this example, you can go to the gym) and find a constructive solution to the problem.If you can not do it yourself, ask for help.In any case, the problem must be solved, and as soon as possible and not wait until they entail new challenges.If your life has many challenges, there is nothing surprising in the fact that you live in constant stress How to beat stress?Create an oasis - and that he regularly causes bouts of aggression.