Hormone replacement therapy, or HRT, - a replacement of the body of missing female hormones, especially estrogen in postmenopausal period.As the restoration of hormone levels, symptoms of menopause symptoms of menopause : forewarned is forearmed quickly subside.Furthermore, HRT prevents the development of long-term consequences of menopause, such as osteoporosis and cardiovascular disease.
Estrogen can be taken daily, and at certain cyclical intervals (every month stopped taking hormones for a few days).Progesterone combined with estrogen Estrogen - the key to healthy bones recommend taking the women who did not undergo surgery to remove the uterus (hysterectomy).Hormone replacement therapy prevents the change in the structure and function of the lining of the uterus.Course progesterone Progesterone - norm and pathology usually takes 10-14 days, depending on the type of hormone.After completing the course receive progesterone bleeding occurs that is similar to normal menstruation.
There are three ways of estrogen
- Oral (tablets);
- Subcutaneous (implants)
- outer (in the form of a gel or a hormonal patch).
All these remedies for estrogen deficiency in the body to help effectively reduce the unpleasant symptoms of menopause and to prevent osteoporosis and cardiovascular disease.
In the case of the onset of symptoms of diseases of the genitourinary system, or external genitalia (eg, itching and burning), your doctor may recommend a lighter type of estrogen, which can be taken continuously and continuously.Hormone replacement therapy may be administered in tablet form, so shaped vaginal cream.
decision on the admission of HRT and its duration depend mainly on the severity of symptoms of menopause and the ratio of the strengths and weaknesses of therapy.The use of hormone replacement therapy is noticeable within a few weeks after you start taking hormones and lasts as long as you continue to take hormones.After the termination of the SRC symptoms may reappear, so most doctors recommend long hormone replacement therapy.
Benefits of hormone replacement therapy
SRC almost always helps to control the frequency and severity of night "tides".In addition, the SRC pay structure changes the lining of the vagina and urethra, helps the thickening of their walls, as well as stimulates the glands of the vaginal fluid, which serves as a lubricant during intercourse.Therefore, HRT also improves the intimate life and enhances sexual desire.
Hormone replacement therapy is also effective in reducing the risk of heart attack, heart attack and osteoporosis.
According to some women taking HRT therapy has helped them to control irritability Irritability - Try to control your mood , outbursts of anger and sudden changes of mood.Some studies have shown that estrogen increases the effects of antidepressants.
With age our body decreases production of sebum by the sebaceous glands, resulting in the skin becomes dry and wrinkled.There is an opinion, estrogen helps to normalize the activity of the sebaceous glands, which helps to preserve youthful skin.It is important to remember that although HRT and improves skin and hair, it can not be taken just for this purpose.
Disadvantages of hormone replacement therapy
According to some studies, HRT increases the risk of postmenopausal breast cancer.However, other studies indicate the opposite: estrogen for eight to ten years, supposedly reduces the chance of breast cancer.Since the link between breast cancer and HRT is not confirmed by facts, the physician should carefully weigh the "pros" and "cons" and recommend therapy or, conversely, to dissuade her.
estrogen may also increase the chance of blood clots in the veins, so HRT is not recommended for persons prone to this disease.
Some studies have shown that higher doses of estrogen may exacerbate hypertension (ie, increase the already high blood pressure).Therefore, the physician must choose the type and dose of estrogen according to the state of your health and risk of heart attack.