Only one out of ten women to seek professional help during menopause;many do not require treatment.Those who have the symptoms of menopause are so serious that reduce the quality of life, can help professionals.The method of treatment depends on menopause symptoms, history of the disease and the patient's own preferences.
Hormone replacement therapy
Hormone replacement therapy is effective in treating some of the most common symptoms of menopause, including hot flashes, night sweats, vaginal symptoms and cystitis Cystitis: urgently take measures .
Following the name, hormone replacement therapy using estrogen levels during menopause which naturally decreases, causing the symptoms of menopause.There are three main types of hormone replacement therapy:
- Estrogen HRT given to women after surgical removal of the uterus and ovaries.
- Cyclic HRT - women who already had symptoms of menopause, but has not yet run out monthly (along with estrogen Estrogen - the key to healthy bones patients taking progestogen).
- Continuous HRT is administered after the onset of menopause.
may be assigned to the administration of hormones in the form of a cream or gel, tablets, patches or implants.
Tibolone Tibolone - a synthetic hormone that acts the same way as HRT.It can be used as an alternative to estrogen and progestogen.
Like HRT, tibolone effectively eliminates the symptoms of menopause such as hot flushes and sweating on the noses, and, in addition, this drug helps prevent fractures of the spine and other bones.It can also enhance the libido, thereby helping to solve some of the problems associated with the menopause in the sexual sphere.
Since taking tibolone to certain risks, including a slight increase in the likelihood of developing breast cancer, uterine cancer and stroke.Tibolone is not suitable for women older than 60 years.
clonidine - a drug that was originally developed for the treatment of high blood pressure, but it also helps to alleviate symptoms such as hot flashes and night sweats.
This drug has unpleasant side effects such as dry mouth, drowsiness, depression, constipation, and fluid retention in the body, which can lead to the formation of edema.In the absence of a positive result, and / or when the side effects of two weeks, to stop taking the drug.
Since vaginal dryness Vaginal dryness: Causes and Symptoms is one of the common signs of menopausal symptoms, vaginal lubricants are a necessary tool in the treatment of menopause symptoms.
Some antidepressants help against hot flashes, such as venlafaxine, fluoxetine, citalopram, paroxetine.
side effects of these antidepressants are nausea, dizziness, dry mouth, anxiety anxiety - how to distinguish normal from disease? and sleep disturbances.
HRT If you pass, you will need to get tested three months after initiation of therapy and then be surveyed once a year.During the first examination the doctor will ask you about your symptoms have improved you about side effects and weigh you and measure blood pressure;in some cases also requires a blood test.During the annual examination by a doctor reviewing the type of HRT used and, if necessary, make changes;It is conducting a survey of the chest, as HRT slightly increases the risk of breast cancer.
If the symptoms disappear after one or two years of treatment, the doctor may recommend the abolition of the trial drugs used for hormone replacement therapy.If not then deteriorates probably menopause treatment you no longer need.