No matter how well you are prepared for pregnancy, you can not foresee all the various changes that occur in your body.During the first trimester (first three months of the date of the last menstrual period), these changes will help your baby grow and prepare your body to feed the baby Breastfeeding - a personal choice .Knowing what to expect can help you prepare for the coming months of pregnancy and learn to distinguish between simple signs that bring discomfort and signs that there may be serious problems during pregnancy.
What to expect: the changes in your body
- Pregnancy all women held in different ways.Some women simply glow healthy and energetic during the first three months, while others feel very bad.Here are some changes that you may occur, their meaning and what you can do to relieve the problems, as well as signs that you should seek medical advice.
- bleeding.About 25% of women may experience light bleeding during the first trimester.At the beginning of pregnancy small spotting can be a sign that the fertilized embryo attach to the uterus.However, if you have heavy bleeding, cramping and severe pain in the lower abdomen, see your doctor.These may be signs of miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy (pregnancy where the embryo attaches outside the uterus).
- breast tenderness.Painful breasts - one of the earliest signs of pregnancy.They are caused by hormonal changes that prepare your milk ducts to the feeding of the child, and may last the entire first trimester.Purchase bra size larger or wearing a supportive bra may relieve you from the discomfort.You can go back to lace bra after stop breastfeeding.
- Constipation.During pregnancy, the muscle contraction that usually propels food through the intestines, slows down because of the increased levels of the hormone progesterone.Add to that the additional intake of iron contained in prenatal vitamins prenatal vitamins - the validity of the appointment , and the result is a bad constipation and gases, which give you the feeling of constant swelling during pregnancy.Increase the intake of fiber and drink plenty of fluids to smooth problem.Physical activity can also help in this situation.If constipation really annoys you, talk to your doctor about which laxatives are safe during pregnancy.
- selection.It is normal to notice a small, milky-white discharge (called bleach) at the beginning of pregnancy.You can wear panty liners, if you so will be more convenient, but use tampons, because they can bring germs into the vagina.But if the discharge smells bad, green or yellow light, or if a lot of discharge, consult a doctor.
- fatigue.Your body works hard to keep the growing embryo, and it can lead you to the fatigue.Lie down to take a nap or just relax during the day, if you feel tired.Make sure that you are getting enough iron (if it is not enough, it leads to anemia, which causes fatigue).
- craving for a certain type of food and aversion to food.Although you do not want to eat a bucket of peppermint ice cream, garnished with pickled cucumbers, as it was made earlier to consider your tastes may have changed when you are pregnant.More than 60% are in need of a particular food, and more than half of them feel an aversion to food, as they say the study.Aversion to food is not so bad if it is not strong, and you still get a healthy diet.An exception could be pica - need to eat inedible, for example, clay, mud and laundry starch, then you should inform your doctor.
- Frequent urination.Your baby is still very small, but your uterus enlarges and puts pressure on the bladder.As a result, you will feel constant desire to go to the toilet.Continue to drink fluids, your body needs it, but reduce the intake of caffeine (which stimulates the bladder), especially before bedtime Dreams: how to understand our dreams .When you feel the call of nature, to respond to it immediately.Do not tolerate.
- Heartburn.During pregnancy, your body produces more of the hormone progesterone, which relaxes smooth muscle, including muscles of the lower esophagus, which typically inhibit food and acid in your stomach.A relaxation of these muscles can lead to acid reflux and heartburn quite simply.To prevent heartburn, eat frequent, small meals throughout the day, do not lie down immediately after eating, avoid fatty, spicy and acidic foods (such as citrus).You can also raise higher cushion when it is bedtime.
- Mood swings.Increased fatigue and hormonal changes can trigger your mood swings - you may feel elated, something to be unhappy, whimsical and funky.It is quite normal to cry, but if you feel overwhelmed, find someone who can complain if you do not your second half, but at least friend or family member.
- Morning sickness.Nausea - one of the most universal signs of pregnancy, which occurs in 85% of pregnant women.This is the result of hormonal changes in the body that can last throughout the first trimester.Some pregnant nausea, mild, while others can not start their day without vomiting.Particularly severe nausea in the morning (hence the name "morning sickness").To reduce it, try to make small, light snacks something high in protein (which can be crackers, meat or cheese), in small sips to drink water, natural fruit juice (apple) or ginger ale.Avoid any food that makes you sick to vomiting.Worry about nausea is not necessary, but if it lasts a long time or gets worse, it may affect the amount of nutrients that a child receives, so contact your doctor if vomiting does not stop and no food you will not be delayed.
- weight gain.Pregnancy - one of the few periods in a woman's life when the weight gain is a good phenomenon, but do not overdo it.During the first trimester you should gain about 3-6 pounds (the doctor may advise you to control your weight in one direction or another, if you pluck or do not get in the weight).While you are carrying another person, do not try to follow the principle of "eating for two".You only need 150 extra calories a day How many calories a day you need to lose weight - everyone has their own rate during the first trimester.Get those calories through a healthy diet, adding to the diet more fruit and vegetables, milk, whole-grain bread and lean meat.
- Notable veins.The blue veins in the abdomen, chest and legs can become more visible as your body produces more blood and the heart beats faster during pregnancy.You may appear spider veins - tiny blood vessels, the rays emanating from the center like a spider's legs - on the face, neck and hands.
- Skin changes.People may notice your "pregnancy glow" that is, when your skin is pink and shiny, is the result of increased blood flow.The hormones of pregnancy can make your skin a little oily and thus provoke the outbreak of acne.
Any of these symptoms can be signs that a pregnancy is something wrong.Do not wait for your scheduled visit.Consult your doctor immediately if:
- have severe pain in the abdomen
- heavy bleeding
- rapid weight gain (greater than 6.5 pounds per month) or too little weight gain (less than 2 poundsmonth by the end of the first trimester).