- fetal hypoxia - the consequences of lack of oxygen in the body
In the process of fetal development is influenced by many factors, primarily on the part of the maternal organism.Fetal hypoxia is a consequence of lack of oxygen, which is accompanied by complications of varying severity.A child can develop fully only when sufficient oxygen and nutrients, minerals and trace elements.Any deviation from the physiological condition requires prompt treatment.
Effect of oxygen deficiency on the process of fetal development
fetal hypoxia can cause the development of irreversible changes in the fetus, leading even to his death.This is due to the fact that the body of the fetus formed violations amid the hypoxic condition.On the severity of violations affects the manner in which hypoxia occurs in acute or chronic form.Hypoxia fetus during childbirth often takes place in the acute form, which is associated with the development of complications during childbirth.
most often in practice faced with the option of chronic fetal hypoxia Chronic fetal hypoxia - serious consequences .It develops over a long time period, which is an average of ten days or more.Hypoxia fetus in early pregnancy can lead to very adverse effects:
- disorders of the development of the embryo, including the formation of various anomalies, malformations
- development of primary feto-placental insufficiency, which is one of the reasons for the backlog of fetal development Fetal development - week after week
Lack of oxygen affects the subsequent mental, physical development of infants and child withinfirst year of life.
consequences of fetal distress for the child are already evident in the long term in the form of a bad adaptation to the new environment, the lack of understanding from peers, increased nervous irritability, moodiness, poor academic performance.In this regard, it is important to emphasize the need for remedial measures immediately after detecting the presence of a pathological condition in utero.
What measures can prevent the development of fetal hypoxia
Prevention of fetal hypoxia is not a guarantee that a pregnant woman will not develop intrauterine fetal hypoxia, but these measures greatly increase the chances of a safe pregnancy, physiological development of the fetus.Women should realize that from her lifestyle in the first place depends on whether or not develop in the fetus hypoxia.The pregnant should refrain from smoking, drinking alcohol.
Anemia Anemia - when you do not have enough blood is an important predisposing factor for the development of a pathological condition during fetal development, so the prevention of fetal hypoxia during pregnancy is the treatment of iron deficiency with anemia, as well as good nutrition of the pregnant woman.This provision is one of the most important, because of the woman's diet depends on the whole process of fetal development.
oxygen enters the body through the airways of the fetus of a pregnant woman.Recommended during pregnancy regularly walks in the fresh air.If possible, you should breathe clean air, so should be a walk in the woods or the park, where there are trees, conifers.It is useful to take a walk before going to bed Dreams: how to understand our dreams , that positively affects sleep woman.Compliance rational mode of the day, restful sleep are also important preventive measures in case of fetal hypoxia.
Can herself pregnant to determine the presence of hypoxia in the fetus
consequences of fetal hypoxia depend on when remedial measures have been initiated.Timely provision of skilled care depends on a full survey of pregnant women, which allows to establish the diagnosis.Often a pregnant question arises, how to identify fetal hypoxia alone.This is possible if the gynecologist, who oversees pregnant during pregnancy, give recommendations on what to pay particular attention to the assessment of his health.
fetal hypoxia has no specific symptoms, which would help in the diagnosis.
But there are moments that suggest the presence of fetal suffering, and to conduct a more detailed inspection.The first thing you should pay attention to the pregnant woman, it is the motor activity of the fetus.As a result of oxygen deficiency decreases the activity of movements of slowing.If the woman drew attention to the changes in the activity of fetal movements, it should immediately seek an appointment with your doctor for a checkup.
This symptom can be traced to the earliest manifestations of intrauterine fetal suffering.During the set time interval (it is twelve hours) pregnant alone can count the number of perturbations.If the number is less than ten movements, it should be viewed as a violation of the motor activity of the fetus.In such a case, a research tool that allows you to assess the condition of the fetus.By the method of instrumental methods include kardiotografii and ultrasound scanning.
Recommended survey vessels during fetal hypoxia
One of the important methods for diagnosis of hypoxic state in the fetus is the research vessels of the uterus, placenta (assessment of blood flow in the placenta or in the fetoplacental complex).It is carried out by Doppler, which is widespread in recent years.The estimation of the umbilical cord vessels, ie arteries and veins, it is important to take into account the ratio of the blood stream.If fetal hypoxia developed state, then the ratio will be reduced.
important diagnostic importance is the study of uterine blood flow, which is estimated on the basis of the study of blood flow in the arcuate arteries.If the uterine artery blood flow is reduced, this will lead to a decrease in the ratio of systolic and diastolic blood flow.In conditions of normal flow, this ratio should not be below 52%.Have changes in the blood flow in the uterine arteries indicates a violation of blood flow in the intervillous space, which is a diagnostic criterion hypoxic state in the fetus.
Doppler study carried out in conjunction with a standard ultrasound scan, being safe informative method of research.Based on the obtained conclusion the doctor can obtain data on the state of the umbilical cord, the placenta, the blood supply to the uterus, which generally allows you to make a prediction about the course of pregnancy up until birth.Deterioration of utero-placental blood flow often precedes the development of severe pregnancy complications such as preeclampsia.Doppler ultrasound study is included in the standard survey of pregnant women.This method of study can be used as an estimate of ongoing therapeutic measures in chronic hypoxia, feto-placental insufficiency and other complications.