Chronic fetal hypoxia represents a state of prolonged oxygen deficiency during fetal development.To assess this pathological condition using different methods of instrumental studies and data of objective inspection of the pregnant woman.The whole complex of therapeutic measures is best done in a specialized department, the issue of the provision of outpatient care is solved individually.
which can cause pathological condition factor
as causal factors of the disease are considered by the pregnant woman and the fetus.Of great importance is a way of life, the nature of the power of women, as these points are reflected in the fetal development in regardless of the duration of pregnancy.Chronic intrauterine fetal hypoxia fetal hypoxia - the consequences of lack of oxygen in the body associated with exposure to the following causal factors:
- nature of power.If women in the diet nutrients, vitamins and minerals will not be contained in sufficient quantities, it is reflected primarily in the process of fetal development, including ensuring the fetal oxygen
- lack of proper oxygen through the respiratory tract of women.A pregnant woman must daily walk, breathe fresh air, as it eliminates the shortage of oxygen in the air
- bad habits, which include smoking, use of alcohol and drugs.These hazards primarily cause changes at the level of the placenta, it is the development of fetoplacental insufficiency and, as a consequence, fetal hypoxia
chronic hypoxia fetus develops during pregnancy due to a prolonged shortage of oxygen in the body of the fetus, which is accompanied by a clinically suffering fetus.The choice of treatment depends primarily on what is a major causal factor.
How can you quickly identify chronic hypoxia
consequences of chronic intrauterine fetal hypoxia associated with the negative impact of the shortage of oxygen on metabolic, metabolic processes.This condition leads to various complications, and the extreme degree of the manifestations of complications can be considered a fetal death.Chronic hypoxia did not have any specific symptoms, so much importance is given to the methods of instrumental diagnostics.
First of all we are talking about the method of fetal kardiotografii.
Already at the first signs of fetal suffering, you can register the presence of pathological changes in the main indicators (eg BCHSS).In the initial stages of the hypoxic state in the fetus recorded acceleration of heart rate over 170 beats per minute.If hypoxia existed for a long time, a sign of fetal pain is slowing rate cuts, bradycardia bradycardia - when the heart stops .Evaluation kardiotograficheskogo research takes place in points, so when receiving low levels (4 points or less), you should decide on the holding of urgent remedial measures.
as an important diagnostic method is used Doppler, ie research on the level of blood flow by ultrasound scan.The diagnostic capabilities of the method allow to evaluate the functional state of fetoplacental complex.It is at the level of impaired circulation in the micro- and macro can be diagnosed signs of chronic fetal hypoxia.
The treatment of patients with chronic fetal hypoxia
consequences of chronic hypoxia fetus largely depend on the form in which proceeds fetal hypoxia.The determining factor is a causative factor and the mechanism of oxygen starvation.An integrated approach to the treatment of fetal hypoxia improves the oxygen-placental function, thereby eliminating the negative impact of chronic hypoxia on the physical and mental development of the fetus.In first place is the creation of health-protective regime, particularly in the case of chronic hypoxia in the event of incomplete pregnancy.
oxygen inhalation ensure replenishment of oxygen deficiency.For this purpose it is possible to successfully apply the oxygen-air mixture, oxygen cocktails and other treatments.If a pregnant woman has a comorbidity of heart or blood vessels, it is recommended that the use of hyperbaric oxygenation.There is an effective replenishment of oxygen in the tissues, oxygen demand are normalized, which explains the presence of a pronounced therapeutic effect.Get the maximum therapeutic effect can, in the absence of violations of a woman from the circulatory system.
in complex therapeutic measures in hypoxia include membranostabilizatory, conducted antioxidant therapy.
Against oxygen starvation may be a state of heightened tone of the uterus, so the appointment of drugs to relax the muscles of the uterus is reasonable.The need for hormone therapy Hormone therapy - can cheat nature? (appointment of hormones from the group of glucocorticoids) occurs only in the case of the treatment of chronic fetal hypoxia in preparation for early delivery, in preterm pregnancy.
In case of premature birth, chronic fetal hypoxia exacerbated by the presence of immature lung tissue.The appointment of hormonal drugs Hormones - not only contraceptives provide maturation of the lung tissue.With the purpose of treatment is recommended, glucocorticoids (e.g., dexamethasone) for three days.Given the lack of oxygen suffered brain, so it is important to take medical measures to improve the sustainability of the brain tissue to hypoxia (the principle of the protective effect), together with measures to normalize the energy supply.