Enterovirus infection during pregnancy - a threat to the mother and the fetus
Enterovirus infection during pregnancy is extremely undesirable.Action enteroviruses at the woman and the fetus is not fully understood, but found that they can cause abortion.And some types of enteroviruses can pass through the placenta to the fetus and cause fetal infection.
Pregnancy and infection
during pregnancy under the influence of hormones causes low immunity, and the woman becomes defenseless against infection.Enterovirus infection - is an infection that is transmitted from person to person by droplet or contact (via contaminated hands or objects) by.It is not necessary to contact not only with the sick people of this infection, but also to those who are already ill - they can be infectious up to 5 months.
Cause enterovirus infection viruses that replicate in the gut.This Coxsackie virus, ECHO (ECHO) and several others.All enteroviruses are dangerous during pregnancy.In this regard, some experts even recommend them to make a list of TORCH infections - diseases that cause serious complications during pregnancy
Danger enterovirus infection for most pregnant women
Reduced immunity makes the pregnant woman an easy prey to any infection.And enterovirus infection is characterized by the fact that the heavier flows, the more reduced the natural protection of the body.It is not every pregnant woman enterovirus infection will be severe, but it can not eliminate such a flow.
The disease can manifest itself variously, more often - in the form of SARS, accompanied by an intestinal infection.And since after the disease persists carrier of the virus can occur premature termination of pregnancy.Women who recover from enterovirus infection Enterovirus infection - whether it is the danger? , are at risk for miscarriage Miscarriage - why you lose the most precious thing? .
Severe forms are forms of enterovirus infection with central nervous system and internal organs.Especially dangerous during pregnancy enteroviral heart disease - myocarditis and pericarditis.Unlike other forms of enterovirus infection infectious myocarditis is often complicated by autoimmune disorders (allergy own tissues).As a result of myocarditis is prolonged, difficult to treat and may cause difficulties in childbirth.
Enterovirus infection can also cause complications of the kidneys, liver and pancreas Diabetes and pancreas - the things you need to know .In the latter case it is possible the development of type 1 diabetes.
danger of enteroviral infection to the fetus
There is no consensus about whether all enteroviruses cause an abortion.But it is well established that certain serotypes of Coxsackie virus (subgroup B) can cross the placenta and enter the uterus and cause vertical intrauterine infection and fetal abnormalities.This virus can cause abortion at any stage.
Intrauterine infection of the fetus is most often seen in a variety of central nervous system that leave the consequences for life.
danger of enteroviral infections in newborns
Coxsackie virus dangerous for newborns - they can cause them severe infections.Such severe form of enterovirus infection with encephalomyocarditis refers newborns.It is a rare disease that occurs in small outbreaks in hospitals.The disease is very difficult and in most cases leads to the death of the child.
main signs of the disease are fever, lethargy, refusal of breasts, vomiting, dyspnea, cyanosis of the lips and fingertips, tachycardia Tachycardia - the body to the limit? , cardiac arrhythmias, abundant diarrhea, cramps.Often noted lethargy, refusal to eat.The rapid course of the disease, rapidly progressive.
How to prevent enterovirus infection during pregnancy
To avoid infection, you should:
- avoid visiting places of accumulation of a large number of people;
- strictly personal hygiene, including washing hands frequently with soap and water;
- thoroughly wash and parboil vegetables and fruits before eating;
- not swim in open water - that dirty water is most often transmitted enteroviruses;
- ill if someone from the family, it must be isolated from other family members, provide separate towels and dishes, as well as required to wear a surgical mask;
- spend more time outdoors - is the perfect hardening of the body;
- avoid hypothermia.
Enterovirus infection during pregnancy is not always a disaster, but it is better still to avoid it.