Folic acid and vitamin E - the most important elements during pregnancy
Folic acid and vitamin E provide a normal course of pregnancy and the birth of a healthy baby.The lack of these vitamins can lead to various complications of pregnancy, both the mother and from the fetus.Therefore, antenatal vitamins E and B9 (folic acid) is prescribed in the early stages of pregnancy.
Folic acid - the defender of birth defects
Folic acid or vitamin B9 - is a water-soluble vitamin that has antianemic, nootropic (specific positive impact on higher functions of the brain), antidepressant, and estrogen Antidiarrheal effect.In addition, folic acid Folic acid - the value is difficult to overestimate prevents the development of intrauterine fetal abnormalities, enhances mental and physical performance, restores the structure of nervous tissue, stimulates the secretion of hydrochloric acid in the stomach, strengthens the intestinal wall, is involved in the formation of blood andthe immune system, stimulates the synthesis of red blood cells (RBCs).
Folic acid is not synthesized by the human body.It either comes from food or synthesized intestinal microflora (in its normal volume).The body of the fetus she gets through the placenta.
very dangerous deficiency of folic acid during pregnancy.
Quite often it occurs in pregnant women suffering from dysbiosis - a condition in which significantly reduces the amount of intestinal microflora and its place is takenopportunistic and pathogenic microflora.Nowadays goiter is very common due to poor environmental conditions, often uncontrolled use of antibiotics, misuse of irregular supply of bad habits.And as goiter accompanied by folic acid deficiency can endanger your right of pregnancy.
deficiency of folic acid - which he faces the mother and the fetus
deficient in folic acid can lead to the following complications of pregnancy of the mother:
- develop megaloblastic (folievodefitsitnoy) anemia;
- premature detachment of the placenta;
- development of preeclampsia (toxemia of late pregnancy);
- miscarriage - spontaneous abortion, premature birth;
- development of depression Depression - a little more than a bad mood .
Pregnancy complications with the fetus caused by folic acid deficiency - is severe malformations of the brain and spinal cord (folate deficiency for a period of 3-4 weeks), as well as other organs and systems, which were laid in a lack of this vitamin.
order for the pregnant woman and the fetus does not suffer from a lack of folic acid, it is prescribed prophylactic dose of the vitamin - 600-1000 mg per day.If the woman had symptoms of folic acid deficiency, it is assigned its therapeutic dose - 5 mg per day.It is also recommended to consume foods rich in folic acid.This banana Bananas : benefit and harm to health , beans, green leafy vegetables, cereals, lentils, liver.
Vitamin E - the main antioxidant
Vitamin E (tocopherol complex, the most active of which is alpha-tocopherol) - a fat-soluble vitamin, which is also a powerful antioxidant that is, a substance that transfers of toxic free radicals inactivestate.Today, it is known that formed during cellular metabolism free radicals cause rapid aging and cell damage.
particularly dangerous free radicals to the body of a pregnant woman, as they can have a toxic effect on the placenta (during fetal development Vitamin E comes to the fetus through the bloodstream through the placenta).And this in turn leads to disruption of blood flow in the mother - placenta - fetus, that is, the formation of placental insufficiency placental insufficiency - a deviation from the norm .The fruit in this situation does not receive oxygen and nutrients behind in weight development.Especially those suffering from oxygen deficiency the central nervous system of the child.Depending on the duration and the extent of damage of the placenta develops certain symptoms of the brain and spinal cord.
antioxidant properties of vitamin E ensure the normal functioning of all organs and tissues, both mother and fetus, including the immune system protects the body from infection.
What is dangerous deficiency of vitamin E during pregnancy
Deficiency of vitamin E during pregnancy can lead to miscarriage, premature birth, as well as to serious complications with the fetus (anemia, impaired vision, visceralorgans and skin).
Depending on the condition of the pregnant woman or her is recommended to include in the diet purged rich in vitamin E (vegetable oils, walnuts, sunflower seeds, liver, spinach) or prescribed vitamin E capsules for oral administration at a dose of 10 IU per day.
Folic acid and vitamin E provide the proper course of pregnancy.