in physiological pregnancy the fetus from the mother gets all the essential nutrients that provide its intrauterine development.In some cases, may develop the situation of lack of oxygen, which is a major cause of fetal hypoxia.Signs of fetal hypoxia are not specific, often signs of fetal suffering revealed after his birth.
What symptoms should pay attention to the pregnant woman
timely diagnosis of fetal hypoxia depends on the pregnancy itself.If a woman will closely monitor their state of health and how the child behaves in utero, it will avoid many negative consequences.Fetal hypoxia may occur in the form of acute or chronic process, with clinical manifestations will be significant differences.
Signs of fetal hypoxia may be assumed if there is a change in the nature of fetal movements.There is a dependence of the nature of fetal movements on the severity of fetal hypoxia, which is manifested by the following criteria:
- hyperactive state of the fetus at an initial degree of oxygen starvation
- slow perturbations or "lazy" smoothly when hypoxia is severe
These changes perceives herself pregnantso a woman should see a doctor, who watches her if she acquired pathological perturbations.Rate these changes can only physician on the basis of objective examination and instrumental studies.
symptoms of fetal distress during pregnancy appear even in the early stages.
If these terms do not eliminate the cause that led to the development of the disease and does not hold the appropriate therapy, it is natural to happen complications.The most negative effects include hypoplasia of the organs and systems up to the formation of developmental abnormalities.
What are the signs of hypoxia can be detected when examining pregnant
signs of fetal distress are identified in the survey of women, so the main methods of examination should be included in the individual plan of management of pregnancy.The main instrumental techniques include the following:
- ultrasound scan
- cardiotocography fetal
Signs of fetal hypoxia on CTG are not absolute, since the study often arise false positive results.This should be considered when interpreting the conclusions.It is recommended to conduct dynamic monitoring studies on the following day, allowing you to rule out or confirm the presence of fetal hypoxia.
Chronic fetal hypoxia fetal hypoxia - the consequences of lack of oxygen in the body , which takes a long time, is the cause of intrauterine growth retardation Fetal development - week after week .This complication diagnosed by ultrasound scan when the lag detected in fruit size, respectively pregnancy.There are certain parameters of weight, height for each gestational age, so their reduction may be a sign of underdevelopment due to oxygen starvation.
Modern possibilities of ultrasound diagnostics can detect violations at the level of blood flow.Fetal hypoxia leads to disruption of placental blood flow, blood flow in the uterine arteries that are well visualized during Doppler.All pregnant women are recommended a comprehensive survey, with its timing are specific to the types of pregnancy.
symptoms of fetal hypoxia in early pregnancy
initial signs of fetal distress can only assume, since the early stages of diagnostic capabilities are limited.Oxygen starvation is the consequence of having a pregnant woman of any disease or pregnancy complications.With the threat of interruption that occurs with chorionic detachment may underdeveloped fetoplacental complex.As a result, the fetus in utero is not getting enough nutrients, oxygen, respectively, clinically it will proceed with a variety of pathological symptoms.
One possible cause fetal hypoxia Causes fetal hypoxia - which affects the rate of spread of disease is extragenital pathology, ie those diseases that women have a chronic course.Particularly negative impact of decompensated forms of diseases, particularly metabolic diseases (diabetes mellitus).Signs of fetal distress during pregnancy in a patient suffering from certain somatic diseases, tend to form in the early stages.This is due to the fact that such patients often pregnancy occurs at an unfavorable background when there is no compensation of the disease.
In this regard, an important means of prevention of fetal hypoxia is the timely detection and treatment of disease in women.
This refers to diseases of various localization, as most of the diseases in the delayed treatment affect not only the health of the pregnant woman, but also the fetus.Hypoxia fetus develops at different stages of pregnancy and during labor.The extreme degree of the hypoxic condition is to stop the access of oxygen to the fetus, which can be a direct cause of his death.
prevent the development of this complication may be a course of appropriate therapy in the early stages, when the first symptoms of a pathological condition.Signs of fetal hypoxia have a progressive course, so the question of the appointment of therapy should be resolved in a timely manner.The development of severe hypoxia is often a consequence of delayed diagnosis and lack of treatment.If symptoms indicate severe hypoxia, it must be treated in the profile department of the maternity hospital.