bacterial vaginosis in pregnancy is not uncommon.The reason - the decline in immunity against the background of hormonal changes.This condition is not dangerous either for the woman or the fetus, but only if the woman is under the constant supervision of an obstetrician-gynecologist.
bacterial vaginosis and pregnancy
During pregnancy, there is a natural decline in immunity.This is necessary to ensure that the mother's body does not reject foreign to him fetal cells.Immunosuppression promotes activation of infection: can escalate any infectious-inflammatory processes.Including the possibility of proliferation of gardnerellas - bacteria that are part of conditionally pathogenic microflora of the vagina vagina : purity women.
vaginosis rarely poses a risk to mother and child and is not transmitted through the placenta to the fetus, so it is not a cause for termination of pregnancy.
bacterial vaginosis in pregnant women - it takes
Most often exacerbated during pregnancy bacterial
Dysbacteriosis vagina may occur during pregnancy as a heavy discharge with a characteristic odor of fish.Vaginal discharge may be abundant foamy, creamy, thick and so on.Sometimes the appearance of such discharge is combined with a light burning and itching in the genital area.And it is very rare there is pain while urinating.
Can gardnerella prevent pregnancy
development of bacterial vaginosis during pregnancy is dangerous because it helps to change the acidity of the vagina, it becomes alkaline, comfortable for the development of pathogenic and pathogenic microflora.And after enough safe gardnerellami can grow colonies of more dangerous pathogens.
For example, the combination of microorganisms such as ureaplasma and gardnerella This insidious ureaplasma - often too late , during pregnancy can cause miscarriage due to the formation of serious fetal malformations (of the nervous, cardiovascular and other systems)and missed abortion.Later, this combination can cause placental insufficiency placental insufficiency - a deviation from the norm (when the fetus lacks oxygen and nutrients), prematurity, intrauterine infection of the fetus and postpartum endometritis (inflammation of the lining of the uterus) of the mother.
Ureaplasma gardnerella and childbirth represent varying degrees of risk.So, even gardnerelly in contact with skin and mucous baby during childbirth is almost never causes disease.Ureaplasma can also cause postpartum infection in the child.The causative agent of infection in these cases is found in a newborn baby in the nasopharynx and on the genitals.
However, ureaplasmas is rarely transmitted through the placenta, so is not an indication for abortion.Dangerous combination with bacterial vaginosis chlamydia, mycoplasmosis, gonorrhea and other sexually transmitted diseases.
Features observation of pregnant women with gardnerellezom
treatment of bacterial vaginosis in pregnancy is usually not carried out, as antibiotics can cause a woman and the fetus more harm than bacterial vaginosis.Therefore, treatment is delayed for the postpartum period.
But the woman requires careful monitoring and timely detection of other, more dangerous infection that can threaten the woman and the fetus.For this woman every month during a routine inspection of an obstetrician-gynecologist at the antenatal clinic needs to be tested - vaginal swab of secretions and culture on nutrient medium.When identifying pathological microflora it untreated.
If bacterial vaginosis symptoms become significant, just before delivery is carried out sanitation of the external genitalia.It can be carried out by douching with lactic acid and the introduction of vaginal suppositories vaginal suppositories - for contraception and treatment of inflammation with lactobacilli (atsilakt, laktonorma) and bifidobacteria (bifidumbacterin).
great importance is the strengthening of general immunity women.She should receive adequate nutrition, at least three hours a day to be outdoors, to lead sedentary lives, engage in special gymnastics.With increasing general immunity decrease the risk of any infections.
bacterial vaginosis in pregnancy develops frequently.But gardnerelly usually do not threaten any woman or child.Instead, they "open the gates" for penetration of other, more dangerous infections, the moment of penetration into the body which need to catch and take all necessary measures for its suppression.