Herpes in early pregnancy - is it dangerous?
Herpes in early pregnancy is dangerous only if it is primary.Such infection may adversely affect the fetus and cause him malformations as maternal blood have protective antibodies to the infection.Recurrence of chronic herpes is much less dangerous.
Herpes and pregnancy planning
Today, experts strongly recommend preliminary plan pregnancy (2-3 months before conception) examination of both spouses.During the examination of both spouses is fully examined, including detect latent infections, sexually transmitted infections.All of these infections can be a barrier to conception or childbearing, which is why they need to identify and treat pregnancy.
But there are a number of diseases that have a direct negative impact on the fetus, causing miscarriage or malformations.These diseases are called TORCH infections (the first letters of the Latin names of each of the members of the group of infections).By TORCH infections include rubella Rubella - it is better to be vaccinated , herpes, cytomegalovirus infection and toxoplasmosis Toxoplasmosis : pregnant women against cats .These infections are very common, especially common herpes simplex virus.Therefore, it is important to making sure that the body of the parents is no such threat to the unborn child.
Does herpes on conception?
long flowing genital herpes, can influence conception indirectly by causing a decrease in fertility and infertility, even as a man and a woman.Direct impact on the process of conception does not have the herpes virus.
Herpes and conception usually unrelated and the fruit does not suffer even if at the time of conception, both parents had an exacerbationherpes infection.
herpes in the first trimester of pregnancy
Herpes in early pregnancy is very dangerous only if there is a primary infection of pregnant women this infection.It is really very dangerous, because after infection in the blood of women did not immediately produce antibodies to the herpes virus infection and may be freely (because these terms do not even have the placenta protects the fetus from infection, it is fully formed only in the second trimester) to penetrate to the fetus.
In most cases, a herpes virus, entering the fetus in early pregnancy, causing his death and miscarriage Miscarriage - whether it can be insured? .
If the fetus is killed, the meeting with the herpes virus still does not remain without consequences - it has developed malformations of the bodies, which were laid at the time of intrauterine infection.Typically, these children or not viable, or are disabled.However, there are isolated cases where such a situation is born a healthy child.But such cases are rare.
Much better is the case with the presence of women with recurrent herpes infections.This herpes in early pregnancy, of course, is also desirable, but it is much less dangerous, because a woman's body to develop protective antibodies that protect the fruit, and the woman herself, from the negative effects of infection.In most cases, these women are born healthy children.
Herpetic eruptions on the genitals for the first time appeared in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy - what to do?
First of all, do not panic.Stress - is also a significant risk factor during pregnancy.The first manifestation of HSV infection during pregnancy, it does not mean that the woman she had just caught.Such infections often occur hidden and many women are unaware of their presence.During pregnancy, reduced immunity and so many sexual infections is starting to show, including herpes.
What to do in such a situation?We need to see a doctor and to the survey.Today, there are tests that accurately determine whether the infection is primary or recurrent chronic disease.To clarify the diagnosis taken a blood test.The method of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) detect the presence of antibodies in the blood of women to herpes simplex virus Herpes simplex - actually not so simple .
revealed in primary and recurrent herpes antibodies belong to different classes of immunoglobulins.Thus, when the primary infection with herpes develop antibodies first class of immunoglobulin M (IgM).This temporary antibodies that disappear after some time.Antibodies of class immunoglobulin G (IgG) produced later and remain in the body for life.When this initially produced early disease IgG, which are unstable due to the antigen - a herpes virus.Detection of early IgG proves the existence of a primary infection.
At relapse of the disease in the blood are found later IgG, which have strong ties with the herpes virus.
If it is proved that in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy was a primary infection with herpes, a woman offered her to interrupt.In subsequent pregnancies the risk to the fetus is minimized.