- Postpartum depression - normal or not?
- How to distinguish between "normal" bad mood from postpartum depression?
birth of a child is a trigger many different emotions, from joy and excitement to fear and severe anxiety.Many mothers do not expect from this important event only one thing - depression.Mood swings in women who have recently become mothers, are common, but bouts of melancholy usually end quickly.However, some young mothers developed a serious condition known as postpartum depression.
Postpartum depression does not talk about character flaws or weaknesses, sometimes it is simply one of the complications of childbirth.
Symptoms of postpartum depression
The most common symptoms of postpartum depression are:
- Severe irritability Irritability - Try to control your mood , tantrums
- very severe fatigue
- loss of interest in sex
- feelings of shame, guilt, worthlessness
- mood swings
- Difficulties in the relationship with the child (for example, a mother may shy away from child care or care for him with great effort)
- Emotional detachment fromfamily and friends
- thoughts about harming yourself or the baby
If untreated, these symptoms may persist for a year or more.Many women can be difficult to admit that after birth they experience depression instead of joy.However, be sure to consult a doctor if the symptoms of depression do not go away within two weeks if they get worse and you become more and more difficult to care for the baby, and coping with daily chores.Do not wait until this state will pass by itself.In some cases, depression develops into postpartum psychosis Postpartum psychosis - a myth or harsh reality? - this violation is potentially dangerous for both mother and child.
After birth, a woman's body is a sharp decline in estrogen and progesterone, which can contribute to the development of postpartum depression.A sharp drop in the level of hormones produced by the thyroid gland, also evokes a feeling of fatigue and depression.Changes in blood volume, blood pressure, metabolism, and the immune system can also contribute to mood swings Mood swings in women - bad character or a disease? and other signs that accompany depression.
lack of sleep and increased anxiety anxiety - how to distinguish normal from disease? after birth can lead to the fact that women become difficult to cope with even minor problems.Many women begin to doubt that they can properly take care of the baby.Someone is going through due to the fact that he feels less attractive and lose a sense of identity due to the fact that too identifies himself with the child.Sometimes, women think that after giving birth, they have lost control over their own lives.All of this can contribute to the development of depression.
need to carry out almost all the time with your child, raising the level of responsibility, the number of household duties and other changes that occur after a baby can also lead to depression.
In addition, some women are genetically predisposed to postpartum depression.
The following factors increase the risk of postpartum depression:
- a history of depression (such as postpartum and other types of depression)
- Serious events that occurred during the year, such as the death or illnessrelatives, complications of pregnancy, job loss, etc.
- problems in the relationship with the partner (the child's father), or other loved ones
- Insufficient support of family and friends
- Financial problems
- pregnancy was unplanned and / or unwanted
risk of postpartumDepression is particularly high in women with bipolar disorder.
In the absence of proper treatment of postpartum depression can adversely affect the relationship of mother and child and cause serious problems in the family.In children whose mothers for a long time did not treat postpartum depression, there is a high risk of developing a variety of behavioral disorders, such as sleep disorders and eating behavior, temper tantrums and hyperactivity.In addition, it increases the likelihood of violations of speech development.
Untreated postpartum depression can develop into a chronic depressive disorder.Even with the timely treatment of women suffering from postpartum depression, there is a fairly high risk of developing major depressive disorder in the future.