Superficial gastritis - measures taken
superficial gastritis is very common.It is characterized by inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach and is always accompanied by high acidity of gastric juice.At this stage, to cope with the disease is quite real, sometimes it is enough to adhere to proper nutrition Proper nutrition - basic precepts of healthy food .
chronic superficial gastritis
Chronic gastritis - an inflammation of the mucosa (inner) lining of the stomach.The disease takes a long time and in stages.At the first stage the disease is superficial, inflammation stimulates the secretion of gastric juice and its acidity.In the second step a long flowing inflammation leads to atrophy (decrease in volume) of the gastric mucosa and reduce its function glands - develops chronic gastritis with reduced secretion.
chronic superficial gastritis can be patchy and diffuse.Focal superficial gastritis - defeat certain site of the mucosa, while the diffuse superficial gastritis lesions suggests whole mucosa.Diffuse gastritis often called pangastritom.By focal superficial gastritis are superficial antral gastritis (chronic gastritis type B) gastritis and body of the stomach (chronic gastritis type A).
The cause of gastritis may be different factors.It was established that the main cause of antral gastritis is superficial infection of the mucous membrane of the stomach bacterium Helicobacter pylori.This leads to the development of the inflammatory process at the junction of the stomach into the duodenum (in the antrum).
primary cause of chronic gastritis in the stomach are autoimmune processes - the appearance of antibodies to the cells of the mucous membrane.
Finally, the cause of chronic gastritis can be a constant chemical exposure, such as alcohol or drug substances (acetylsalicylic acid, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, steroid hormones, and so on).
Contributing factors in the development of chronic gastritis are eating disorders (food cold food, long breaks in food intake, eating large quantities of meat, spicy, fried foods, etc.), smoking, various long-occurring chronic diseases and foci of infection, throwing the contents of the duodenumthe stomach (duodenal reflux) and so on.
symptoms of superficial gastritis
Initially, the disease is asymptomatic, but after a while the patient experience discomfort in the upper abdomen that occur or exacerbate during a meal or soon after a meal.There may also disturb the acid regurgitation Belching: why it happens and that means , unpleasant metallic taste in the mouth metallic taste in the mouth - what caused and how to get rid? , heartburn.The appearance of frequent heartburn suggests that the process of transition broken food mass from the stomach into the duodenum, and partial casting into the esophagus (gastroesophageal reflux).
With the defeat of antral disease can occur long time in the form of superficial gastritis with increased secretion.Such gastritis manifests itself in a variety of digestive disorders - constipation, diarrhea, flatulence.If it affects the body of the stomach is the main symptom severity in the upper abdomen after eating.Often these go in gastritis ulcer stomach.
long flowing gastritis always reflects the general state of the organism.Patients become irritable, they have a long-term pain in the heart pain in the heart - always consult a physician , cardiac arrhythmia, blood pressure drops.
Diagnostics superficial gastritis
main method of diagnosis is today esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) - endoscopic examination of the state of the gastric wall by means of optical devices (also studied the esophagus and duodenum).Image mucosa is displayed on the monitor screen, which allows to consider in detail her condition.During endoscopy can measure the acidity of gastric contents, take a piece of tissue for histology, and the contents of the stomach to detect bacterial infection.If necessary, also carried out X-ray examination of the stomach.
Diet for superficial gastritis
diet at this stage of the disease is the main healing factor.From the daily diet excludes all foods that irritate the stomach.It is fried, fatty, spicy, smoked, canned food, nourishing soups, sweets, pastries, sodas, coffee, strong tea, chocolate, alcohol.In the period of acute gastritis wiped all meals, without exacerbation simply steamed or boiled.Eating should be frequent and fractional - 5-6 times a day in small portions.
treatment of superficial gastritis
Treatment depends on the type of gastritis and its causes.Appointed by drugs that suppress gastric acid secretion.This proton pump inhibitors (PPIs - omeprazole, esomeprazole, and others), blockers of histamine H2-receptor (e.g., famotidine), substances that neutralize the acidity of gastric juice (e.g. almagel, Aluminium phosphate gel, Maalox).
superficial gastritis should start to cure as soon as possible so that it is not passed into atrophic gastritis, which is much harder to treat.