Gastritis - several disorders of the stomach


  • Gastritis - several stomach disorders
  • Signs and symptoms

gastritis term "gastritis" refers to a group of diseases characterized by inflammation of the lining of the stomach wall.Often the cause of the inflammation are the same bacteria, because of which in most cases is formed a stomach ulcer.

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Symptoms The main symptoms of gastritis are:

  • sharp or burning pain in the upper abdomen;Pain can become stronger or weaker after a meal
  • Nausea Vomiting

Sometimes gastritis symptoms.

In most cases, the symptoms of gastritis are fast, and the next time will not soon appear.In this case, go to the doctor is not required.However, if the symptoms occur on a regular basis, at least for a week, you should consult a doctor.Be sure to tell him how you operate non-prescription painkillers.

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reasons

usually gastritis develops when loosening or damage the protective lining of the stomach.Normally, the mucosa of the stomach wall protects against acids, which contribute to the digestion of food.If it is weakened, gastric juice may damage the inner lining of the stomach and cause inflammation.Some diseases increase the risk of gastritis.

Gastritis can be acute - it develops quickly and lasts a short time, or chronic - a gastritis develops gradually and can last for months.

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Risk Factors

  • bacterial infection

by Helicobacter pylori can cause gastritis, most often - chronic.Some experts believe that this bacterium is infected half the world's population, but most of the people until the end of life are just carriers of this bacterium without experiencing any symptoms and may not even be aware that they are infected.Some people Helicobacter pylori destroys protecting gastric mucosa, causing changes in the internal walls of the stomach.It is not known why some infected with Helicobacter pylori develop peptic ulcer or gastritis, and others - no.Some experts believe that a predisposition to this disorder can be congenital;In addition, their influence may have bad habits, stress How to beat stress?Create an oasis How to beat stress? and other lifestyle factors.

  • Regular use of pain medications

Common Painkillers as aspirin, ibuprofen Ibuprofen: anti-inflammatory drug Ibuprofen: anti-inflammatory drug and naproxen, can cause both acute and chronic gastritis.Their frequent use and / or receiving high doses reduces the amount of substance required to keep the protective lining of the stomach.If the patient takes painkillers from time to time, the likelihood of stomach problems rather small.

  • Advanced age

Older people have higher chances of developing gastritis, because with age the mucous membrane of the stomach becomes thinner, in addition, they are more common autoimmune disorders and infections caused by Helicobacter pylori.

  • Alcohol abuse

Alcohol irritates the stomach and destroys the wall, and thus, the stomach becomes more vulnerable to the action of the digestive juices.Alcohol abuse is the most common cause acute gastritis.

Severe damage caused by trauma, burns or surgery can cause acute gastritis.

  • bile reflux

bile, a substance that helps the body process fat produced by the liver and stored in the gallbladder.As necessary, it is thrown out and on special ducts into the small intestine.Normally annular muscle - sphincter or pyloric valve does not fall into the bile from the small intestine into the stomach.However, if the operation of the valve is broken or has been surgically removed, the bile can get into the stomach - is a violation called bile reflux.It often leads to symptoms of gastritis.

Despite the variety of disorders accompanying gastritis, signs and symptoms of this disease are very similar: a sharp burning pain in the upper abdomen, periodic bloating, belching Belching why it happens and that means Belching: why it happens and that means , nausea or vomiting.

In some cases, gastritis can go to the ulcer and increase the risk of cancer of the stomach Stomach cancer: genetics and lifestyle Stomach cancer: genetics and lifestyle .However, in most cases, gastritis does not present any particular risk to the health and is easily treatable.

Read more Signs and symptoms