Decreased hemoglobin - what can threaten iron deficiency anemia
- Decreased hemoglobin - the iron-deficiency anemia can threaten
- How does lack of
hemoglobin - a protein that leads into the red blood cells.It is rich in iron, and its main function is to transport oxygen to the various parts of the body.The molecules tested hemoglobin oxygenation and form unstable compounds called oxyhemoglobin.When
oxyhemoglobin reaches a region of low oxygen concentration and high carbon dioxide content, it releases oxygen and carbon dioxide binds.The normal level of hemoglobin in men is 13.5-16 g per 100 ml of blood, women - 12-15,5 of Low hemoglobin is observed in different people, regardless of their age and sex, but most often it occurs in children, pregnantwomen and athletes.
causes of low hemoglobin
main reason for reduced hemoglobin is the lack of iron in the body because iron is needed to make hemoglobin.Iron deficiency can be caused by malnutrition or impaired absorption of certain vitamins in the body.
Some genetic disorders such as thalassemia and sickle cell anemia, also can cause low hemoglobin.Finally, a low hemoglobin level is often observed in people with a history of alcoholism.
If the hemoglobin level is only slightly below normal, a person may not notice any symptoms.A significant decrease in hemoglobin level may be accompanied by symptoms such as fatigue, headache, dizziness Dizziness - if the ground is slipping from under his feet , fatigue, weakening of concentration.
Among the more rare symptoms: swelling of the limbs (usually the legs), prolonged heartburn, bruising and hemorrhaging even for very minor injuries, increased sweating, vomiting and blood in the stool.
external symptoms of low hemoglobin may be pale skin, nail bed and gums.Since the reduced hemoglobin deteriorating supply of tissues of oxygen, shortness of breath may occur.To compensate for the lack of oxygen, the heart begins to work harder, which sometimes leads to increased heart rate and pain in the heart;decreased hemoglobin can lead to a deterioration of people with heart disease.
In the most severe cases, low levels of hemoglobin increases and heart failure Heart failure - when the heart is unable to cope with the work .
lowered hemoglobin at the child in the first years of life if left untreated can lead to neurodevelopmental conditions.
These children often observed learning disabilities and behavioral problems;In addition, they are more susceptible to poisoning others.
Many people noticed at the symptoms of low hemoglobin, start to treat this violation alone.Ideally, you should do a blood test blood test: the mirror of health , to identify other possible problems.However, in any case, to treat low hemoglobin used, as a rule, supplements Supplements - basic classification with iron, and changing diet.The dosage of iron-containing products should be administered depending on the patient's condition.
recommended to seek medical attention, if only because only he can accurately prescribe you a dose of drugs that you use for treatment.
In addition, you must include in your diet foods rich in iron.These include, first of all, meat and greens, legumes, grains, dried apricots and raisins.
Despite treatment, hemoglobin level does not rise immediately.Usually, it comes back to normal a few months later, however, the main symptoms of low hemoglobin are much earlier.