Symptoms of salmonellosis - the definition of disease severity
manifestations of salmonellosis are dependent on the type and severity of the disease.Symptoms of salmonellosis will help to take the necessary measures.
Usually, the infection causes netifoidnymi types of salmonella enterocolitis develop, the symptoms of which are similar to the symptoms of enterocolitis caused by other pathogens.Incubation period depends primarily on the health condition of the infected person, and typically ranges from 6 to 72 hours.
most characteristic symptoms of salmonellosis in adults - severe diarrhea (stool very liquid and in most cases, without a trace of blood), vomiting, fever (sometimes - up to 41 degrees Celsius), poor appetite.Some less common symptoms of salmonellosis gastrointestinal forms as headaches, bloating, or abdominal pain, dizziness and cramps.Typically, the disease goes away without treatment after four to seven days after the first symptoms.However, in some patients this form of salmonella causes such severe diarrhea that they require hospitalization, to avoid the serious consequences of dehydration.
Salmonellosis - symptoms in children
Often children (especially in infants), as well as the elderly and patients with weakened immune systems, salmonellosis Salmonellosis - especially disease occurs in more severe formsthan in healthy adults.A child may attend all of the above symptoms, but they are often more pronounced.In this disease, especially in children is often a high fever (body temperature above 40 degrees Celsius), and diarrhea, which can lead to dehydration.Other symptoms of salmonellosis in children Salmonellosis in children - what to do? can be extreme weakness, drowsiness and, in some cases, a change in mental status characterized by delusions Brad - not only crazy .If you suspect that a child salmonellosis an urgent need to seek medical help.
typhoid fever - a kind of salmonellosis, which develops when a particular type of salmonella (Salmonella Typhi) penetrates the lymphatic system.Usually the symptoms of the infection appear within one to two weeks after infection, but in some cases, the incubation period lasts for more than three weeks.If the patient quickly receive adequate treatment, symptoms disappear no more than a week.If typhoid fever is not treated, the patient's condition will deteriorate, and a few weeks later may develop life-threatening complications.There are cases when, in the absence of treatment, patients recover several weeks or even months after the onset of symptoms, but many of them relapse cases.
It should be noted that only 10-15% of infected typhoid fever leads to severe symptoms and is potentially dangerous to health and life.However, it is impossible to say in advance what the consequences will the disease in a particular patient, so it is necessary to treat it.
first symptoms of this species of Salmonella infection are usually a slight increase in body temperature (up to 38 degrees Celsius), a dull ache in the front of the head, lethargy, muscle aches, dry cough dry cough - whether to worry about it? , poor appetite, nausea.Around the end of the second week of the onset of symptoms the temperature rises (sometimes - up to 40 degrees Celsius or more), there are features such as vomiting, diarrhea or constipation (in children often have diarrhea in adults - constipation, although there may be exceptions), confusion.Also, there may be signs of illness, such as patches on the tongue, enlarged liver and spleen (approximately 50% of patients), severe headache, pinkish rash on the chest and abdomen.In many patients, causing typhoid fever, lethargy and sleepiness, which may persist in varying degrees, for several months after treatment.Obviously, all these symptoms are non-specific, and resemble symptoms of other diseases, such as dysentery.This can make it difficult to diagnose, especially in developing countries where typhoid fever occurs most often and well-equipped hospitals, where you can quickly diagnose this disease, there is not everywhere.
In some cases, the symptoms of typhoid fever reappear in a few weeks or months, even after successful treatment.According to rough estimates, relapse occurs in 2.2% of patients who had the disease.Especially high likelihood of relapse in patients with immunodeficiency.