Hip dislocation - the result of indirect injury
- Hip dislocation - the result of indirect injury
- hip joint
Hip dislocation - a very common injury;approximately 90% of patients with a dislocated Dislocation - prevention and treatment hip is displaced femoral ago - the so-called posterior dislocation.Hip dislocation is very severe pain;As a rule, the victim can not move my leg, and when there is no nerve damage sensations below the dislocated joint.
hip joint connects the femur and pelvic bone: round head first enters the groove located in the second.This joint structure provides it with greater stability and freedom of movement.To move the femur from the recess in the hip bone, it requires a large impact force, and that is what happens when hip dislocation.Traffic accidents are the most common cause of injuries (seat belt use can significantly reduce this risk).The second most common cause of hip dislocation are falling from a height.Obviously, along with hip dislocation patients often have other, more serious damage - for example, fractures of the pelvis and legs, spinal injuries and head injuries.
When hip dislocation requires immediate call an ambulance.Do not attempt to straighten a dislocated;if necessary, cover the victim with a blanket or clothes, and stay with him until medical help arrives.
usually enough for the diagnosis of a visual inspection of the damaged joint.To exclude fractures of the femur and / or pelvis, conduct X-ray examination.
If the patient does not have any damage, except the dislocation of the hip, the doctor will give him an anesthetic or sedative and may then sprained joint.In some cases, open reduction - surgery to reposition the joint, which is carried out under general anesthesia.
After the necessary medical procedures carried out repeated x-ray and / or CT scan to make sure the bones of the hip took its normal position.
Rehabilitation Rehabilitation after hip dislocation can take a long time - sometimes up to two or three months.Once the pass severe pain, the patient can begin to walk on crutches and perform special exercises, which gradually restore muscle strength and elasticity of ligaments.
Despite a long period of recovery, hip dislocation usually does not cause complications.If, however, with dislocation were damaged blood vessels and nerves that can develop aseptic necrosis or osteoporosis Osteoporosis - he threatens you? .