Infectious arthritis - a serious disease of the joints that can occur with severe pain in the joints, fever, chills, redness and swelling of one or more joints and the violation of its functions.Infectious arthritis patient in need of emergency medical care.
What is infectious arthritis and their specific kinds
specific Infectious arthritis joint damage make up the group of bacterial, fungal, viral and parasitic diseases.Despite the fact that these arthritis occur against the background of any infection, during their continued and after recovery from the infection caused by arthritis.
There are bacterially-metastatic and toxic-allergic form of the disease.For the first form is characterized by severe loss of one or more joints to the presence of the pathogen in the intraarticular (synovial) fluid.The second form is manifested by inflammation of multiple joints and pain in them without any apparent objective changes.There are also mixed forms of infectious arthritis, affecting many joints
By origin specific infectious arthritis can be bacterial (brucellosis, gonorrhea), viral, fungal, parasitic.
gonorrheal arthritis and bacterial arthritis
Gonorrheal Arthritis Arthritis - a variety of forms and complications develops in patients with acute andChronic gonorrhea predominantly young.It can be as bacterially-metastatic and toxic-allergic.Often develops an acute inflammation of periarticular bag (synovitis) with serous or purulent exudate, and then the process involved ligaments and tendons.
Onset is usually acute, high fever and pain in many joints, but then the process is usually localized to one joint, it is often the knee, ankle or wrist joint.
most characteristic metastatic drives (lesion of the knee) with acute and subacute.At the same time there are a lot of pain in the affected joint, high fever, severe general condition of the patient.Very quickly develop joint deformity and an inability to bend the knee (flexion contracture), a decrease in volume (atrophy) of the muscles.
indicators laboratory studies say about the activity of the inflammatory process.The liquid taken from the joint cavity using puncture revealed gonorrhea.
If the patient does not receive timely adequate treatment, the articular surfaces of bones are rapidly destroyed, and the function of the joint becomes completely lost.
toxic-allergic gonorrheal arthritis What is arthritis - when it hurts everywhere often occurs with chronic gonorrhea after hypothermia or injury.In this inflammatory process develops in two or three major joints.With proper and timely treatment of the arthritis in most cases, recovery occurs, but may develop chronic gonococcal arthritis and spondylitis (destruction of the joints and spine).
viral, fungal and parasitic
arthritis Viral arthritis sometimes occurs against a background of viral infections can occur at any stage of the disease.For example, arthritis can begin hepatitis Hepatitis - the scourge of our time .The flu is considered a rare complication of arthritis, for his more characteristic arthralgia - pain in the joints Joint pain - how to understand what is going on? without external changes that are the result of intoxication.Arthritis or polyarthritis can start viral infections such as rubella, mumps (mumps), measles.
parasitogenic arthritis can develop at ehinokkovom bone lesions.Echinococcus often localized in the vertebrae, intervertebral discs, at least - in the pelvis, and long bones.Joint pain while associated with reactive synovitis caused by the process in a nearby bone.
Fungal arthritis occur in fungal infections such as actinomycosis, blastomycosis, coccidiosis and others.The joint is an infectious agent is usually transferred from the nearby, the affected bone fungus.In some cases, fungal infections (eg, actinomycosis) spread through the bloodstream, so may be affected joints and bones, located far from the main source of infection.
for all fungal infections osteoarticular apparatus characterized by the formation of fistulas (exits to the surface of the body) and long-term relapsing course.
Treatment Treatment should be comprehensive, and it is better to start in the hospital, especially if arthritis runs hard.Assigned to a specific treatment.Depending on the cause of the disease, it is antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal or antiparasitic therapy.
Appointed as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that reduce inflammation and pain, desensitizing therapy (rented allergic disposition), for the rest of the joint.If no heat is assigned the first dry heat on the affected joints and then physiotherapy.After only acute effects are inflammation prescribe physiotherapy.
How quickly and completely cure infectious arthritis depends on the timeliness and adequacy of the prescribed treatment.