Gum disease - do not treat lightly


  • Gum disease - do not take lightly
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gingivitis Gum disease - it is a very common disorder.Sometimes, it occurs in such a gentle manner that substantially does not cause symptoms.However, any gum disease must be treated as soon as possible, otherwise it can spill over into a much more severe.

Symptoms

  • symptoms of gum disease may be;
  • swollen, reddened gums;
  • Hypersensitivity gums;
  • In some cases - to remove the gums away from the teeth;
  • Frequent bleeding from the gums after brushing or floss;
  • Change the color of the gums from a healthy pink to dark red;
  • Bad breath.

Dentists recommend regularly examine your teeth and mouth to detect any problems before the onset of symptoms.If the symptoms of gum disease appeared, should see a specialist as soon as possible.

reasons

most common cause of gingivitis is poor oral hygiene Oral hygiene - not only in the dentist's chair Oral hygiene - not only in the dentist , which contributes to the formation of plaque - the sticky substance consisting mainly of bacteria.Plaque is formed as a result of the interaction of starches and sugars with bacteria that normally live in the mouth.Plaque must be removed daily, as the newly formed very quickly - usually within 24 hours.If plaque stays on the teeth longer than two or three days, it hardens and forms tartar, which can serve as a shield for the bacteria.From tartar can not get rid of at home - it requires a professional teeth cleaning.

The longer plaque and stone remains on the teeth, the more they irritate the gums, causing them to become inflamed and bleed easily.

Risk Factors

following factors can contribute to gum disease:

  • Poor oral hygiene;
  • Smoking;
  • Diabetes;
  • Some viral and fungal infections;
  • dry mouth;
  • Fluctuations in hormonal levels;
  • Malnutrition.

Complications If untreated, gingivitis can develop into periodontitis Periodontitis - a serious complication of pulpitis Periodontitis - a serious complication of pulpitis - a serious disease that sometimes leads to tooth loss.Periodontitis and other oral problems that can result from inflammation of the gums, for yet unknown reasons, may have a negative impact on health in general.In addition, women with such disorders, there is a high probability of premature birth and the birth of a child with too low birth weight than women with healthy gums.

Diagnostics

Usually dentists diagnose gum disease based on symptoms, which describes the patient as well as the result of examination of the teeth, gums and tongue.For the diagnosis can be quite such features as the presence of tartar and gum beauty.

If the cause of gum disease is not completely clear, the dentist may recommend a medical examination.

Treatment

Prompt treatment usually can cope with the symptoms of gum disease and prevent further progression of the disease.The treatment program may include:

  • Professional teeth cleaning, removing all plaque and calculus;
  • Instruct patient regarding further care and dental hygiene;
  • Regular examination and professional teeth cleaning in the future.

During the first professional cleaning after the detection of gum disease doctor removes tartar with special dental instruments.This procedure can cause very unpleasant, especially if your gums have become very sensitive, or if formed a large amount of tartar Plaque - why it should be removed? Plaque - why it should be removed? .

Usually, after such a cleaning gum disease goes, if the patient takes care of his teeth as recommended by the doctor.

Prevention

To prevent gum disease in the future must adhere to the basic rules of dental care: brushing teeth How to brush your teeth: interesting facts How to brush your teeth: interesting facts brush and paste as often as twice a day,at least once a day brush your teeth using dental floss.Furthermore, once a 6-12 months recommended professional tooth cleaning.

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