How to care for a newborn baby: instructions for inexperienced mothers
Young mothers who have had a first birth, often wonder: how to care for a newborn baby?To quickly get used to the new way of life, it is enough to learn a few basic rules of care.
Hygiene: clean clean
newborn skin soft and vulnerable, so in need of special care.Every day you need to wash the baby, cleaned his nose and eyes.It is convenient to do before the first morning feeding (8-9 hours).With cotton flagella nose child freed from crusts.Cotton balls soaked in warm water, rubbed his eyes, ears, face and handle.For the eyes necessarily take individual tamponchiki not to bring them the infection.
Once or twice a day is necessary to process the umbilical wound.Dirt from the navel is removed using 3% peroxide.To do this, gently pushing the edges of the wound with two fingers and dropped to the bottom of a few drops of the solution.Then soak the navel dry cotton swab and smeared with green paint.
During the day, the skin requires special care buttocks and inguinal folds.After each stool wash away the baby under warm running water.During the procedure, the child holding belly up.Both boys and girls are equally tempted - moves from front to rear, so that the stool do not accidentally hit on the genitals.Particular attention is paid to the perineum.The girls are not recommended to wash the inside labia.The boys should not push back the foreskin on the penis head.Soap for washing away can be used not more than 2 times per day.
After water procedures blotted dry baby diapers and a couple of minutes left naked to the skin "breathed."Then, buttocks and crotch smeared protective baby cream and put on a clean diaper.
That the skin was always dry and inflamed, the diaper is recommended to be changed every 2-3 hours, even if it is empty.Be sure to replace disposable products before feeding, or later manipulation mom cause excessive regurgitation in infants.
Periodically kids do manicure.Marigold better shear special scissors with rounded edges, to leave no sharp edges.Then pipsqueak not exactly hurt themselves by moving handles.Cut nails handy when the baby sleeps.
about when you can start bathing your baby, no consensus among pediatricians not.Some insist that it is necessary to wait until the child umbilical wound healed.Others believe that water treatment is very beneficial effect on the psychological state of the child, so you need to start to bathe on the first day after discharge from the hospital.If the mother chooses the second option, it is important to remember one thing - as long as the umbilical cord does not disappear after each bathing babies need to handle the navel.
procedures need to baby bath baby bath - a priority for the convenience and thermometer.The bath is partially (12-15 cm) filled with the usual (unboiled) with warm water.The left hand, hold the child and his right of free wash.For the first procedure will be enough 2-3 minutes.Then the baby is placed on a clean diaper and blot with a towel.The body smeared with baby oil or milk, buttocks - cream.
If the baby skin rashes appear, you should consult your pediatrician.
Feeding: like lying, like sitting
children who are breastfed, feed on demand and baby-bottle-- on schedule.
For the first importance is the correct breastfeeding.Mom can feed the baby lying on your side or in a sitting position.In any case, care must be taken to ensure that the baby's mouth fully grasped the areola chest and nose remained free.The duration of feeding depends on the appetite grudnichka.
after eating the baby need to hold about 10-15 minutes on hands in a vertical position to the stomach moved all swallowed air.Then put the baby in the crib on the flank.
From the second or third week, all children start to disturb colic.This phenomenon is considered absolutely normal - so is the formation of its own normal flora in the intestines of children.Reduce the discomfort will help ordinary stroking tummy clockwise.Special drugs are used on the advice of a pediatrician.
or swaddling clothes?
Many mothers are of the opinion that it is necessary to swaddle a newborn.But some prefer to keep the first days of the child in the free clothes - sliders and unitard.
views of experts on this issue again diverge.Some say that diapers deprive children of psychological comfort.Others believe that "tight cocoon", on the contrary, reminds them how good it was in my mother's belly.
Perhaps it makes sense to listen to the wishes of her baby.If the child is in diapers restless, you can try to dress it in sliders, and in the reverse situation - a change of clothes in the diaper.
When can I start walking?
During warmer months, to go with the kid on the street, you can almost immediately after discharge from the hospital - in 2-3 days, and in the cold - 5-7.Fresh air helps children to calm down, relax, and "work up" the appetite.In addition, the walk - it is also a good way of tempering.
the first time, does not necessarily take out with a stroller.You can go out with the baby in his arms and walk with him 20-30 minutes (and if it's freezing, 10-15).Each day the length walks increase 5-10 minutes.So after a couple of days stroller will be indispensable.
Beginning one month, the duration of the winter walks should be at least two hours a day, and in the rest of the year - no less than four (twice for two hours).During rains and gusty winds from the exit to the street should be abandoned.
pick clothes for walking, guided by two simple rules.In the hottest time of the year your child wear as many layers of clothing as the minus another layer.In cold weather, on the contrary, one odezhku more than currently.
To check whether the baby is not cold enough to touch his nose and feet.If the child is worn out, it is primarily sweating head and neck.Overheating may be due to the "greenhouse effect" in a wheelchair, so never need to hang it tightly.
Children's kit: that collect on the safe
On the first day of discharge from the hospital everything you need to be a mother at hand.This will help her to avoid confusion and save time.In case trouble should collect child first aid kit.It should include:
- sterile cotton wool.
- 3% hydrogen peroxide.
- vasoconstrictive nose drops.
- antipyretics candles.
- Ointment for diaper rash and skin irritations.
These are funds that are sold without prescription, and with the help of which you can alleviate the condition before the arrival of the baby pediatrician.
Separately, you can collect a bag with items for compliance with child care: creams, oils, wipes, medicines for the treatment of the umbilical wound.