Hiccups - a normal reflex of the human body as sneezing or coughing.For the first time she "visits" babies in the womb.Pregnant women feel it in rhythmic abdominal thrusts.After the birth of a newborn often hiccups due to poor attachment to the breast.Although there may be in this trouble and other reasons.
Where are the "iki"?
hiccups caused by frequent contractions of the respiratory muscles - the diaphragm, located between the chest and abdominal cavity.Convulsive breaths cause closure of the vocal cords.So there ikayuschie characteristic sounds.
reason for this phenomenon is not fully installed.It is thought that the spasm of the diaphragm provokes irritation of the vagus nerve, which passes close to the esophagus and are responsible for the work of the respiratory and digestive system.Excitation in any of its parts leads to hiccups hiccups - but if it's something serious? .
But there is another path.The functions of the vagus nerve controls the central nervous system.Therefore, a
Newborn often hiccups - from cold to overfeeding
why some hiccups newborn baby?Doctors believe that the nervous system of babies is very sensitive to any irritants, so they have a hiccup in principle, it appears more frequently than in adults.However, if the convulsive sobs disturbed child with suspicious regularity, the reason should be sought in an abuse or nursing care.
What mistakes are young parents?Among the most common are called pediatricians:
- Wrong breastfeeding
With proper feeding of the baby's mouth should be almost completely capture the areola.The lower lip should be as twisted and closely adjacent to the chest.With this capture the baby will not swallow air, which bubbles through the wall of the stomach pressed against the diaphragm and cause its contraction.Usually accompanied by a violation of the art of applying a number of other problems: pain in the breast, the appearance of cracks on the nipples, the gradual loss of the child's weight.
What to do: seek the assistance of a consultant on breastfeeding or experienced mothers who feed not the first child and monitor the quality of its attachment to the chest.
- Overfeeding child
Newborn often belches and hiccups with overeating.Large amounts of food pererastyagivayut the stomach wall, which leads to irritation of the vagus nerve.In this case, the baby may begin to hiccup still in the process of feeding, or immediately after its completion.
What to do: Consult your pediatrician.If the suspicions are confirmed, then, most likely, he advises not to feed the newborn on demand, according to the mode.
- Malnutrition mother
If the mother's milk products are constantly present, causing flatulence, the child suffers from bloating Bloating - if you are bursting inside .After feeding, when the baby's body position changes, the bubbles rise to the top of the stomach and provoke hiccups.Plus, newborn colic concerned - it is capricious, it behaves excitedly, not sleeping.
What to do: pay attention to his diet.Excluded from the most hazardous foods: beans, cabbage, apples, grapes, tomatoes, fresh milk, rye bread.
- Hypothermia baby
Hypothermia occurs when the body loses heat faster than produce.This situation can occur if the child is a long time in wet diapers during the festivities in the cold wind or after bathing.Very often grudnichki supercooled during feeding - at the time they are particularly sweat a lot.Evaporating sweat reduces body temperature.To determine that the baby can be frozen, touching his nose his nose, foot and popliteal fossa.They should not be cool.
What: zamershego need to wrap the baby in a blanket and hugged her for ten minutes or twenty.
- Violation drinking regime newborn
Sometimes hiccups in children occurs because of thirst.From it usually affects kids who are on a mixed or artificial feeding.Compared with breast milk, infant formulas contain increased amounts of a protein that increases the body's need for fluid.
What to do: as a rule, drink-bottle-babies given 3-4 times a day in between feedings.But if the newborn is often hiccups, you can offer him some water after every meal.
- use bottles with large holes
together with a mixture of water nipples or baby swallows air, which begins to inflate the stomach.Hiccups occur after 10-20 minutes after the feeding.
What to do: change the "guilt" of the nipple on the bottle.To the baby after feeding belched air, it is necessary to "put a column," and hugged her, two or three minutes on the back stroke.
frequent hiccups are often exposed to children with increased nervous excitability.Attacks Icahn they arise from fear, excitement or surprise.Such kids need to learn how to divert conversation and games.
When hiccups dangerous?
If hiccups passes for more than two hours or attacks occur every day several times a day, the baby should be examined by a doctor.It is necessary to eliminate the serious diseases:
- worm infestation,
- meningitis Meningitis - an inflammation of the meninges .
Hiccups is one of the symptoms of these diseases, although not the most typical.To establish the exact cause of the state of the baby will help examination by a pediatrician.