How many babies should sleep: the norm and deviation
Good sleep - an indicator of the health of the child.If the child is naughty, often he wakes up, so its something bothers.Often sleep disturbances occur even in infants.In order to recognize the problem, every mother is important to know how many babies must sleep.
daily routine babies up to a month
After the birth of the main difficulty for the baby is to adapt to life outside the womb.And handle it helps him healthy and deep sleep, during which there is an active maturation of his nervous system.
Some strict rules as to sleep newborn baby does not exist.Much depends on the temperament of the child and the natural environmental conditions.It is estimated that the average grudnichki sleep about 18 hours a day.Minimum standards differ.US pediatricians lower boundary called the 14 hours, European - 16. If a newborn sleeps less, it is necessary to tell your doctor.
At night's sleep in the newborn has to 8-10 hours on the day - 6-8.The daily schedule is subject to the regime of feeding a baby.Sated, he quickly falls asleep and wakes up again only when feel hunger.Typically, three-hour sleep periods Dreams: how to understand our dreams alternate with hour period of wakefulness.
At night the children sleep more even and calm.At this time of day, most of them suckles without waking.Day prevent rapid fall asleep "everyday problems": colic, regurgitation, wet diapers or nappies.So after eating crumb stands out 30-60 more minutes.
Sleep grudnichka consists of repetitive cycles, each of which lasts 40-45 minutes.Three-quarters of this period falls on the phase of REM sleep, during which the baby grows and the brain to fully relax.Rest of the time is the so-called REM sleep.In this phase of the newborn "digest" received impressions per day.He may flinch cheep and slightly lifts the eyelids.Such a reaction is perfectly natural and should not cause concern among parents.
on sleep and wakefulness in infants affected by natural factors.Because of the immaturity of the nervous system, they are sensitive to sudden changes in atmospheric pressure, the new moon and full moon.In those days the kids are sleeping worse than usual.
sleep quality is also affected by environmental conditions.It was found that children living in large industrial cities are sleeping less and worse than their peers in more affluent areas.
Cover newborn prevent strong odors, clapping, knocking.But the monotonous sounds, like "muttering" TV or washing machine humming, they, on the contrary, lull.
grudnichok Why does not sleep?
sleep disorders in the newborn may be caused by:
- shortness of nasal breathing
impede the flow of air through the nasal passages may be copious or dry crusts, which are formed due to the lack of humidity in the nursery.Discomfort displeases baby and prevents sleep.In such cases, to improve sleep, often simply clean his nose and install humidifiers in the house.Less free breathing prevent a variety of diseases.For example, increased thymus, reflux or an allergic reaction in the nose and throat.
- Congenital narrow nasal passages
narrow nasal passages hinder normal access of oxygen to the brain.Sleep in these troubled kids with frequent awakenings.As a rule, with an increase in the child's nasal passages are expanded and the problem resolves on its own.But if pathology progresses, it may require surgery.
- uncomfortable climate in the house
If the baby suffocating, he had difficulty falling asleep and frequent awakening.When supercooling it, on the contrary, it becomes too sluggish, and may sleep more than 4 hours in a row.The optimum temperature in the nursery should be 20-22 degrees, and the humidity of 50-70%.It is at these values of the ambient air the child's body maintain normal thermoregulation.
Colic Colic All babies start to disturb the second week of life.They are caused by the formation of intestinal normal flora, it is therefore considered absolutely normal.However, increased pain caused by malnutrition of the mother or improper composition of infant formula, may disturb the tranquility of the baby.The baby cries, dodge, trying to talk about his poor health.Sleep is normalized as soon as my mother will be able to save him from intestinal problems.
- increased intracranial pressure
problem is detected at a reception at the neuropathologist every second grudnichka.Children with increased intracranial pressure Increased intracranial pressure is dangerous for the brain suffer from frequent headaches, constantly crying and behave restlessly.Pathology often develops when a large weight baby (over 4,200 grams), if a woman seriously proceeding pregnancy, placental abruption was or prolonged labor.Treatment involves administering a sedative and diuretic drugs, which take a long time - for three to six months.
- thyroid disease thyroid gland - is responsible for your hormones
case of insufficient production of thyroid hormones Thyroid hormones: mechanism of action and physiological effects (hypothyroidism) babies sleep more laid, rarelycry and appear lethargic.If excessive - they are hyperactive.Diseases are often inherited.Hypothyroidism in 30% of cases occurs in post-term children.
- increased nervous excitability
Impressionable by nature grudnichki easy to come to an excited state.These children are constantly demanding attention, bad sleep capricious.To cope with the problem of helping massage and aromatherapy.Bathing restless kids to move to the previously recommended the evening (18-19 hours) to a night's sleep before the baby is not overexcited.