quite obvious that infants perceive the world around us is not so, as adults and even young children.They are not as good see, hear, they do not distinguish certain colors, I can not grasp any subject you like to learn more about it.Many parents are wondering when babies begin to hear and see and how to see whether the normal functioning of his senses.
child can hear while still in the womb!
early in the third trimester of pregnancy, the child begins to distinguish some sounds.Immediately after birth he will be able to recognize the sounds heard before;they can have a calming effect on him.
Until relatively recently, in the expectant mothers who have the habit of talking with their increasing bellies could watch in amazement;such conversations with a child who has yet to be born, might be considered a whim pregnant sign mild insanity, or a waste of time.In fact, talk to child during pregnancy, certainly makes sense.Studies have shown that in the last ten weeks of pregnancy, the child not
established that only a few hours after the birth of the children react differently to the sound of the language spoken by the mother and by the sounds of other languages.
The researchers concluded that the human brain is able to assimilate the information even before the person is able to live outside the mother's womb.How did they come to such conclusions?For the study was used specially designed dummy with a sensor that has been connected to the computer.The study involved 80 infants, whose average age was thirty hours.They were given a pacifier, and then they heard the sound of the vowels of the native and foreign language.Vowel sounds are the loudest units of speech, and is most easily perceived.The number of sucking movements that recorded sensor pacifier, was an indicator of the extent to which the sounds heard newborn, attracted their attention.In both countries, in which the research was conducted (in Sweden and in the US) do more newborns sucking movements when they heard the sounds of a foreign language.
In addition, scientists have established that the child in the womb can hear only the voice of the mother, as it strengthened her body.Dads who want to talk with their children, will have to wait until they were born.Apply to the stomach, and the headphones included music specifically for the child and should not be - he's already heard enough sounds.For example, a baby can constantly hear the mother's heartbeat - this is the loudest and the distinct sound of those that he perceives in utero.
Experts also stress that the child read aloud scientific or classical literature, hoping to hasten his intellectual development is completely useless.The child hears you, but does not understand what you're saying;although he can perceive the information before the birth, these opportunities have certain limits.
What happens after the birth of a hearing?
So, we understand that when the newborn begins to hear - it occurs long before he is born.
Despite the fact that his hearing began to develop for many weeks ago, he still hears worse than adults.His hearing aid is not yet fully developed - that is why little children respond best to high-pitched sounds.Adults intuitively feel it almost automatically begin to talk with the child is not in such a voice, how they talk normally.
Note that the child's hearing is more sensitive to loud noises than your own.Sounds, where you can talk without raising his voice for the child safe.Louder sounds can damage the ears, especially if it will hear them for a long time.
How to understand a child's normal hearing, and if you need to show it to the doctor?Firstly, it should be noted that the reaction on hearing the baby depends on his temperament - a trait implicit from birth.Some children in both early and later in life, react poorly to the sounds that they, for whatever reason are not interested, while others evince certain reactions in almost everything they hear.
Secondly, you can check your child's hearing at home, but if you have the slightest fear that this check gave inaccurate results, contact a specialist.Check the hearing best when the baby is full and the newly awakened;if it is a sleepy and tired, his reaction to external stimuli may be weaker than usual.
Methods hearing tests in newborns and infants:
- If a child under the age of three months, clap your hands above his head.If he was surprised, and / or frightened, hearing him right.If such a reaction is not, repeat the test in a few minutes.If after three or four attempts you do not get a normal reaction, seek medical advice;
- If the child is four to six months, just call him by name.If he tries to turn his head or eyes begin to seek the source of the sound, most likely, it has no problems with hearing.Since the hearing and speech development are closely related, an indication of normal hearing can be considered that the child begins to four months to pronounce different sounds.If he does so, we can assume the existence of problems with hearing;
- between six and ten months the child should respond by turning the head or movement of facial muscles on the familiar loud sounds, such as its name, the phone rings, the sound of the vacuum cleaner, and so on.It may also respond to other sounds, if attention is not focused on something else;
- between ten and fifteen months of life the child must point to objects when you say their name.
How can we stimulate the development of hearing and, at the same time, a child's speech?
Talk with your child and read it.So he learned to distinguish between the tone of voice, and he will try to imitate the more different sounds.You need to talk to him from the very first days of life - but so far he does not understand the words, his brain is actively absorb any information.When you talk to your baby, turn off the TV, radio and other equipment so that it is not listening to you, without being distracted.
If you notice that a child is listening to some sounds, such as a cat purr, the sound of a passing train, singing birds tell him where are these sounds.
Include your child to music from the very first days of his life, and if you play any instruments, be sure to play it (of course, if your instrument - no drum kit or bass guitar - in this case, the first concert for baby is better to givewhen he is a little older).Children usually respond very well to music, and quickly begin to recognize the melodies they've heard before.