Do not blame yourself if you, for whatever reason, can not or do not want to breastfeed.Infant formula is safe, time-tested alternative meals for children.
formula or breast milk - what to choose?
Breast milk is the preferred food for all infants, including premature and sick for a few exceptions.Pediatricians recommend mothers, if possible, feed your baby only breast milk for up to six months and up to a year - breast milk combined with tighter food.Breast milk contains all the necessary nutrients child, it is better digestible than milk mixture;it consists of antibodies (immunoglobulins), which reduces the chance of infection of the child by various infections.
However, some parents still feed the children milk formula;The reasons for this may be a personal preference, and some diseases of the mother or the child, in which breastfeeding Breastfeeding: Breast - and no nails! contraindicated.The mixture does not contain antibodies that are found in breast milk, but even before the bir
Breastfeeding is contraindicated if the mother takes drugs such as cimetidine, cyclophosphamide, lithium, methotrexate, metronidazole Metronidazole - what is it? , cyclosporine, bromocriptine.HIV-positive mothers also can not breastfeed.
Another reason that many families prefer an infant formula is the fact that more mothers returning to work soon after giving birth, and can notever breastfeed.Since the dairy mixture to digest longer children who eat them, you usually need to feed less often than those who are fed breast milk.
important advantage of infant formula is that of a child can feed any family member;this will allow the whole family will establish contact with the child, and the mother - more rest, which is especially important if the pregnancy or the birth was difficult.
Types of infant formula
Dairy mixture based on milk prepared from cow's milk;they also added vegetable oils, vitamins and minerals.Such mixtures are suitable for most healthy and born at term children;they are most commonly used for feeding infants as an alternative to breast milk.
Dairy soy based mixtures produced from soy protein, vegetable oil, corn syrup and / or sucrose.These mixtures are suitable for children with lactose intolerance or allergy to cow's milk.They can also be used as a supplement to the main food for children whose parents are advocate a vegetarian diet.Infant formula based on soy is not recommended for children with low birth weight and premature babies.
Special infant formula.There is a mixture intended for children with low birth weight, a mixture of low-sodium for newborns who need to limit their intake of salt, and mix with the "pre-digested" protein for children who are not allergic to whole protein contained in cow's milk.
Components infant formula
Water Water is an essential part of the diet of the child;the water content in the body of a newborn baby is significantly greater than that of an adult.Properly prepared dairy mixture composed of water by about 85%.
Dairy mixture is produced in three forms;ready-to-drink liquid, a liquid concentrate, and dry the mixture.The mixture of the first type do not need to add water and concentrate and dry the mixture is diluted with water.Before adding water to the mixture, parents need to carefully read the instructions on the package.If you add to concentrate too much water, it can cause poisoning of the water condition of the child, which in severe cases can lead to a dangerous lowering of the level of sodium in the blood, coma, and even permanent damage to the brain.If the mixture due to the lack of water will be too concentrated, it can lead to diarrhea and dehydration in children.It rarely eating excessively concentrated mixture leads to kidney failure, gangrene of the feet, and coma.Therefore, parents in any case should not be on its own initiative to change the water content in infant formulas, for example, that the child faster or slower to gain weight.If you think that the weight of the child that something is wrong, check with your doctor.
main carbohydrate in the composition of breast milk, cow's milk and most infant formulas is lactose.Children with lactose intolerance can not digest lactose, because their bodies lack the enzyme lactase, which is needed for normal processing and absorption of carbohydrates.For them, releasing a special milk formula containing other carbohydrates, which the child can digest.
proteins casein and whey protein - are the main protein in breast and cow's milk.In 0.5-7.5% of children these proteins cause allergic reactions, which the symptoms are abdominal pain, diarrhea, rectal bleeding, skin rash.These symptoms disappear soon after a child is excluded from the diet of milk.A child with allergies are not suitable mixture that do not contain lactose;he needs food that contains proteins that have split into smaller components - usually on the amino acids.
that children receive adequate amounts of fat in the manufacture of infant formula, various vegetable oils, such as corn, soybean, safflower, or coconut oil Coconut oil: the benefits and harms health .