Why the child vomits frequently - what are the norm?
- Why the child vomits frequently - what are the norm?
Although regurgitation is normal for many infants, some parents feel that their kids vomit too often, and sometimes it's true.Why the child vomits frequently, and when it is a sign of health problems?
Regurgitation or regurgitation, called the reverse movement of food or drink through the esophagus.It occurs when the muscle between the esophagus and the stomach relax.Normally, the pressure inside the stomach than in the chest and throat, and under the influence of this pressure rises up food.Regurgitation of the child - it's not the same thing as vomiting.Usually vomiting begins longer postprandial than regurgitation and vomit contained a significant amount of the gastric juice.In addition, the child is vomiting (as, indeed, and adult), significant discomfort and spitting up is easy, and the child at the same time feels right.
When regurgitation is the norm and where - no?
Regurgitation in infants - a very common and natural occurrence.As a rule, the child vomits, simply because esophagus until it can hold a very small amount of food.If they gave him to drink too much milk or formula Dairy mixture - selection of the useful power , or fed large portion semolina Semolina - harm and benefits of children's meals (for example), some of the food can come back.Chance regurgitation increases if immediately after eating baby put to bed.Depending on how much time elapsed between ingestion and regurgitation, the liquid that comes from the mouth of a child can be exactly the same as milk or cereal, and if it has already begun to be digested, the mass may slightly resemble cottage cheese.And then, and another is normal.
When a child vomits frequently, but it is not associated with any disease, suggests a functional regurgitation in infants.Such regurgitation is defined by the following criteria:
- baby in the first year of life regurgitation at least twice a day;
- Regurgitation occurs with such frequency, at least for three weeks.
In this case there should be no such symptoms as poor appetite in the child, breathing problems, changes in behavior that may indicate pain in the throat and / or stomach.
functional regurgitation may occur in half of healthy infants, and with varying frequency occasionally vomit almost all children.In most cases this occurs particularly frequently in the age of four or five months.By twelve months, most babies spit up completely ceases.
Every year around the world are turning to doctors, millions of people who are concerned about the question of why the baby often vomits.Because such complaints often arise especially parents who feed their babies formula milk, it has long been speculation that this food can stimulate regurgitation.However, reliable evidence of this has not yet been found.
Regardless of what to feed the child, by the time he turned a year, frequent spitting up is likely to cease to be a problem.
However, if your child has symptoms such as too slow weight gain, frequent failures of the meal, shortness of breath, vomiting, blood in vomit and / or stool, it may indicate problems such as gastroesophagealreflux and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).If you experience such symptoms as soon as possible to consult with the child's doctor.
What is the difference between gastroesophageal reflux and GERD?
Gastroesophageal reflux - it's just the movement of stomach contents up the esophagus.In normal regurgitation child can "return" back to the food, which did not reach the stomach, or was there a very short time, so that the concentration of gastric juice in bulk, he vomits, is minimal.Episodes of gastroesophageal reflux from time to time occur in people of any age, but they can not ignore this because the food from the stomach into the esophagus often only in small amounts and not always comes to the throat and mouth.Gastroesophageal reflux disease is not harmful, since the wall of the esophagus to some extent protected from the effects of stomach acid.Infants Reflux happens quite often, but he does not talk about the presence of any disease.
When GERD is damage to the tissues of the esophagus and there are other problems associated with frequent reflux, such as inflammation of the esophagus, which is why a child may refuse to eat, bleeding, anemia Anemia - when you do not have enough blood , reductionweight.If the child vomits, and often hiccups, sneezes and coughs, it is difficult to swallow food, he often cries and became unusually irritable, contact your doctor so that he examined the baby.
In healthy infants, GERD is uncommon.This disease is most common among babies born prematurely and / or had low birth weight, as well as in infants with chronic lung disease and cerebral palsy.
If GERD is not treated, over time it can lead to frequent ear infections and sinusitis episodes Sinusitis - difficult to handle alone , as well as tooth decay under the influence of gastric acid.
addition causes frequent vomiting may be allergic to milk protein and sometimes lactose intolerant.