Coprogram in infants - especially child analysis
Coprogram in infants depends on the child's age, the nature of its food and has a clear link with the peculiarities of the formation of his digestive system.Therefore coprogram newborn will differ from coprogram five-month baby.And the latter, of course, will be different from coprogram grudnichka aged 6-12 months.
Features of formation of the digestive system of infants
functioning of the digestive system of the child develops gradually.Thus, at birth digesting protein does not occur in the stomach and the small intestine.The pancreas gradually produces digestive enzymes that break down protein, which eventually leads to almost complete absorption of the protein of human milk.That is why breast feeding in the first months of life may be no bowel movement for several days, without causing any discomfort in the baby.
breakdown of fat in breast-feeding in the first week of life is carried out in the cavity of the stomach by the enzyme lipase, which is contained in human milk.Subsequently, lipolysis occurs in the duodenum by lipase pancreatic juice child.Metabolizes more than 90% fat in human milk.Cleavage
carbohydrates (lactose, sucrose and maltose) occurs mainly in the small intestine, but not completely, as enzymes that cleave carbohydrates begin gradually generated.Therefore, in the first weeks of life can permanently disturb bloating and intestinal cramps that some children are only three months.
meconium Meconium - this is the first feces of a child who begins to stand for about 10 hours after birth.The duration of passage of meconium - 2-3 days.It is a thick sticky mass of very dark and odorless with a pH of 5.0-6.0.In meconium always contains bilirubin, since in the large intestine microflora yet which would process it in stercobilin.
analysis in infants, who is breast-fed
Kal healthy child during breastfeeding has its own idiosyncrasies.The daily amount of feces gradually increased from 15 grams per day in the newborn up to 40-50 grams a year.Kal unformed, semisolid, moderately viscous, bright yellow (greenish tinge may be) with an acidic odor (pH 4.8-5.8).The amount of bilirubin in the feces gradually decreases as the formation in the large intestine of normal microflora.Traces of bilirubin disappear only to five months, and in the feces appears stercobilin.
stool microscopy reveals the presence of a detritus (the end product of food processing), a small amount of mucus, quite a bit of neutral fat, fatty acid salts (soaps) and a small amount (less than 10) leukocytes leukocytes as the basis of immunity .
analysis in infants on artificial feeding
Indicators coprogram in infants who are bottle-fed, have their own characteristics.The amount of feces to the year 30-40 grams per day, its color is lighter than during breastfeeding (light yellow), unpleasant odor, putrid, pH 6.8-7.5 (neutral or slightly alkaline reaction).
If microscopy can see the detritus, quite a bit of mucus (less than breastfeeding), slightly higher amount of salts of fatty acids, isolated leukocytes.Bilirubin in the stool is completely replaced stercobilin 6-8 months.
Coprogram in infants with various violations on the part of the digestive organs
appearance in the feces of the baby after 6-8 months of bilirubin often speaks of dysbiosis caused by antibiotics Antibiotics - whether they will help you in the foreseeable future? , - breach of the relationship between the normal and the pathogenic microflora.
intestinal infections feces child becomes liquid, it contains large amounts of mucus, white blood cells and fatty acids.
Edema duodenal mucosa during intestinal infection leads to disruption of the flow of bile and pancreatic juice Diabetes and pancreas - the things you need to know , disruption of lipolysis and the appearance of drops of neutral fat in the stool.After recovering from an intestinal infection baby chair normal, but microscopic fecal sometimes continues to be found a lot of salts of fatty acids (soaps), indicating that the transition process of acute to chronic (chronic enteritis).
When lactase deficiency (absence or lack of education in the gut enzyme lactase, which breaks down milk sugar) cal baby baby man, though with a little finger watery, yellow in color with a sour odor, pH shifts to the acid side,Positive reaction to bilirubin (including children aged 6-8 months of age and older).The stool has a large number of fatty acids (steatorreya).
Coprogram in infants may reveal very different pathologies, including congenital nature.