Women who quit smoking during pregnancy can expect to return to their habit after giving birth.It may seem strange and stupid, but - a non-smoker is difficult to understand that in this pleasant habit and smokers decide for themselves.Nobody protects smoking during lactation, as well as smoking in general.If someone asks for advice, start or not to start smoking after pregnancy, the answer is only one: do not start.However, many women may be helpful to know that they can feed the baby, despite the fact that they started smoking after giving birth - but it raises some problems, though much less significant than during pregnancy.
One of the problems associated with smoking during lactation, is to reduce the level of prolactin in the blood - a substance that is responsible for the production of milk.In addition, smoking mothers milk out of the nipple with great difficulty than non-smokers.Finally, according to the results of several studies, lactating women who smoke lasts less than non-smokers.
impact on the child
The researchers found that nicotine enters the body of the mother during smoking excreted from the body, including, and milk.It turns out that the child is virtually nicotine drinks - although, of course, in a very low concentration.Passive smoking is much more dangerous for the baby - it can lead to chronic bronchitis, asthma, and other disorders.In addition, children who are passive smokers from the first weeks of life, increases the risk of sudden infant death syndrome.(According to some estimates, this risk is seven times higher than for children who are not exposed to passive smoking).Fortunately, fewer adults allow themselves to smoke in the presence of a child.
Children whose mothers smoke during lactation, more likely to suffer from colic and show general signs of irritation - it makes the already difficult for the parents the first months of a child's life even more difficult.
In addition, smoking increases the risk of pneumonia in a child Pneumonia - Symptoms and Causes , ear infections, sinus infections and cancerlight.It increases the likelihood that one day the child himself begins to smoke.
in children who were breastfed smoking mothers, often reduced level.
HDL-cholesterol - a useful type of cholesterol that protects people from various cardiovascular diseases.
Rules Smoking Moms:
- Do not smoke in the presence of a child and do not let others do it.
- Try to reduce the number of cigarettes you smoke each day.
- The half-life of nicotine from the body of ninety-five minutes.The more time passes between smoking and feeding, the less nicotine enters the body of the child.
- smoke outside on the balcony;home recommended smoke in a closed room, which then must be well ventilated.
So maternal smoking is harmful for the child or not?
This is necessary to understand, because the special study on this issue in our country have not been conducted.But it is very well known:
- that the main active ingredient smoking tobacco - nicotine is absorbed into the blood of women and then excreted in the milk;
- that studied the effect of nicotine on the human body, and therefore the body of the child, if he goes there with his mother's milk.
effect of nicotine on the human body:
- effect on the autonomic nervous system (which supplies the organs and blood vessels), and the central nervous system of a two-phase: short and long-term inhibition of arousal;moreover, there is a hand shake, and in large doses - convulsions;may appear nausea and vomiting, central origin (as a result of the effects of nicotine on the respective centers in the brain);
- effect on the cardiovascular system: increased blood pressure, heart rate slows down first, and then quickens;
- effect on the respiratory system: respiratory arousal, first increase and then the oppression of the work of bronchial glands;
- effect on the gastrointestinal tract, first increasing and then inhibition of the salivary glands, increased motor activity of the intestine (in large doses, on the contrary, decrease).
Signs of chronic nicotine poisoning: inflammation from the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract (inflammation of the pharynx, larynx, bronchi, lungs), reduced gastric acidity, increased motor activity of the intestine, disruption of the heart muscle, increase blood pressure, and double visionthe various disorders of the central nervous system.
Now imagine that some of the nicotine from the mother enters the body of a tiny child and it produces all of these destructive actions.
proven fact effects of smoking a nursing mother to the baby
By observation of children whose mothers have not stopped smoking during breastfeeding Breastfeeding: Breast - and no nails! , established the following:
- children do not gain weight, vomit, they are concerned about intestinal colic;
- they are easily excitable, often gratuitously shout and do not sleep;they have more pronounced neurological effects of birth injury Birth injuries - than they threaten your child? ;
- such children often suffer from colds (decreased immunity);
- at a constant smoking mother of the child is formed dependent on nicotine and if he suddenly stops to get his mother's milk, it is showing signs of withdrawal: the child becomes very restless, not sleeping and not breastfeeding, amplified regurgitation.
In addition, nicotine inhibits the production of the hormone prolactin, which stimulates the secretion of breast milk, which means that the amount of milk in the breasts of women smoking decreases with time.The very quality of breast milk is also reduced: it reduces the amount of vitamins, hormones and antibodies (protein bodies which are able to communicate with strictly defined infectious agents and remove them from the body).
But even greater danger for the child is passive smoking, the mother or someone else smokes in the room where the child is.Passive smoking is more harmful to others than myself Smoking.
How can I reduce the harm from smoking for the baby nursing mother
known that the highest concentration of nicotine in the blood of women there in 30-40 minutes and after 1.5 hours the concentration becomes minimal.Completely the nicotine is removed from the blood after three hours.Therefore, if absolutely no way (and desires!) Quit smoking, you should at least choose the safest time to smoke and possibly reduce the number of cigarettes smoked.
If a woman has decided to quit smoking, then it can help:
- drug-adjuvant therapy - the use of drugs in its effect similar to nicotine, such as nicotine gum or patches specific, which give a much smaller concentration of nicotine in the blood,than cigarette smoking;but you need to know that these drugs breastfeeding woman can not be combined with smoking, as it increases the concentration of nicotine in the blood;
- you can rinse your mouth with a tincture of ink nuts or silver nitrate - it causes a feeling of aversion to smoking;
- help treatment by a therapist - he will pick up the individual, the most suitable for this method of treatment of women;
- help reflexology techniques Reflexology - a policy of non-drug therapies - the impact in various ways on the points on the skin, leaving no desire to smoke.
Smoking causes irreparable damage to human health, but if a breastfeeding mother smokes, the harm to the increases many times.