The medical sources obesity is defined as the excessive accumulation of body fat mass.Obesity can talk if body weight is more than 25% fat in boys and more than 32% in girls.Although obesity in children is often determined as a violation ratio weight / height greater than the ideal body weight by 20%, more accurate measure of completeness should be considered as skinfold thickness.
Not all chubby babies subsequently converted into full of children, and not all children grow up in well-fed obese adults.However, with age the fullness intensified in both men and women, and there is a considerable likelihood that obesity appeared in the early childhood, will accompany you to the grave.
Completeness and obesity cause many problems in the child.Apart from the fact that childhood obesity threatens worsen with age, it is a major cause of childhood hypertension Hypertension - dangerous consequences , associated with diabetes II degree (diabetes mellitus), increases the risk of coronar
Causes of childhood obesity
As with obesity in adults, obesity in children is caused by a whole set of reasons, but the most important of them - the mismatch of energy produced (calories derived from food) and wastes (calories burned in the processbasic metabolic Metabolism: the basis of life of all living and physical activity) by the body.Childhood obesity often develops as a result of a complex interaction of dietary, psychological, genetic and physiological factors.
obesity is most susceptible children whose parents also are overweight.This phenomenon can be explained by heredity or modeling of parental eating behaviors, which indirectly affects the energy balance of the child.Half of parents of primary school children have never played sports and avoid physical exertion.
Treatment of childhood obesity
aim of obesity treatment programs for children and adolescents is rarely weight loss.Rather, they are focused on slowing or stopping weight gain, which should allow the child to eventually reach a normal weight.
Previous and correct the interference is particularly important.There is convincing evidence that food and physical behavior of adolescents and children is easier to correct than the behavior of adults.There are three forms of intervention:
formalities exercise program or increasing physical activity, you can burn calories, increase energy consumption and maintain the acquired form.Most studies of childhood obesity have shown that exercise does not bring tangible results unless combined with other forms of interference, such as nutrition education and behavioral change.However, fitness brings additional health benefits.Even if the body fat and body weight of the child do not change after 50 minutes of aerobic exercise three times a week, such as exercise improves blood lipid profiles and blood pressure.
Nutrition and diet
children do not recommend fasting or unduly restrict your calorie intake.This treatment strategy can not only cause stress How to beat stress?Create an oasis , but also adversely affect the growth of the child and his perception of "normal" food.Balanced diets with moderate caloric restriction, especially reduced-fat, have been successfully used for the treatment of childhood obesity.Also, do not neglect nutrition education.Diet combined with fitness - effective strategy for treating childhood obesity.
Many behavioral strategies that are used for the treatment of obesity in adults, and are successfully used for the treatment of children and adolescents: self-management and nutritional diary, slowing the rate of absorption of food, limiting the time and space of food consumption,introducing awards and incentive prizes for results.Especially effective strategy of behavior with the child's parents.
Preventing childhood obesity
Obesity is easier to prevent than to treat.Preventing obesity depends largely on the education of parents.My mother should feed the baby breast, to be able to determine when the baby is satisfied, and not to rush the introduction of the diet of a baby solid food.When the child grows, parents should provide proper nutrition Proper nutrition - basic precepts of healthy food , choose low-calorie foods, try to avoid the harmful fast food, develop the skills of physical activity, and to regulate television viewing.If preventive measures are ineffective or can not completely overcome the influence of heredity, education priority should be to develop a child's self-esteem and self-confidence.