Usually, parents start to worry about the possible delay of speech development of their children, when compared with other children.For example, if your son to two years learned to say a few words, and the sister's son at this age have a lot of talking, and quite clearly, it can be a cause for concern.However, many mothers and fathers still hope that everything will be fine by itself, and the child will outgrow their problems.Typically, parents refer to those skilled only if notice any other signs of slow development.In time to help a child who has really been delayed speech development, it is useful to know how it is developing normally.
normal speech development
- Up to 12 months, children begin to pronounce the individual sounds and syllables, as well as to recognize the names of objects with which they deal on a daily basis (eg, bottle, spoon, table, and so on).Many children around the age of a year starting to articulate a combination of syllables, words like "mama," "Daddy," and so on.
- 12-15 months.At this age, children begin to imitate the sounds of speech of adults, and usually say their first words, usually of no more than two syllables.They can also understand and comply with simple requests (such as "Give me the toy").
- 18-24 months.Most children this age can pronounce 20-30 words.By two years, children begin to speak simple sentences of two or three words.The two-year child usually recognizes his familiar objects (including the pictures), and may, at the request of the adult point to eyes, ears, nose and so on.
- 2-3 years.Child Dictionary is much higher than a hundred words.He starts to explain the proposals, consisting of three or more words, use the comparative characteristics, such as large and small, light and dark, and so on.
signs of speech delay
The following symptoms may indicate a delay in speech development of a child:
- child under the age of weakly responds to sounds, and he almost does not emit any sounds;
- At twelve months the child is not using common gestures - does not point to objects with your fingers, not waving goodbye, and so on;
- to eighteen months the child still does not imitate sounds;
- child barely understood what was to him a simple request;
- child older than two years can only imitate the voice or gestures, and does not say any sounds spontaneously, on their own initiative;
- child older than two years, says only a limited number of sounds, and can not use any language skills to report on anything other than the immediate needs (for example, he may have to ask, but can not explain what he likes what-That toy);
- The child an unusual tone of voice (for example, he says in the nose, or a very raspy voice);
- Parents struggle to understand what the child says.Normally, adults who regularly care for the child must understand half the words he utters in two years, and about three-quarters of words - when he was three years old.By the time a child is four years old, his speech should be clear enough for everyone, even for people who never before did not communicate with him.
reasons for the delay of speech development
The child, which generally develops normally, speech delay can be caused by problems with the structure of the tongue or palate.For example, the tongue-tie may limit his mobility, and because of this child are not clearly pronounce the word.
Sometimes children are violated due to the areas of the brain that are responsible for it.In this case, the child is difficult to coordinate the movement of the lips, tongue and jaw to properly pronounce the sounds.Delayed speech development may not be the only result of such violations;Sometimes these children have problems with eating.
In some cases, delayed speech development is part of the common problems with the development of the child, the result of which sometimes becomes a mental retardation.
Hearing problems are often associated with delayed speech development, so in the course of diagnosing children be sure to check hearing.Hearing can cause problems with articulation, understanding and use of language.
Ear infections - especially chronic, can seriously damage your hearing baby.In most cases, the infection fails to cure quickly, and they do not affect the speech development.Anyway, if at least one ear of the child hears well, his speech will develop normally.
Help with delayed speech development
If you suspect any problems with speech development of the child as soon as possible go to the doctor.If it turns out that the child is developing normally, you get rid of fear, and if not - it will be provided timely assistance.Experts say that in any case it is better to prove unfounded concern than to seek medical help too late.
If the results of the examination the doctor determines that the child needs therapy, successful treatment will require the active participation of parents.Typically, they are encouraged to attend the sessions or learn to participate in the process.Your doctor will show parents how to work with your child at home to help him develop it gradually.How exactly will be therapy depends on the characteristics of the particular case.
Parents should use the following guidelines to encourage speech development of children:
- communicate as much as possible with the child, even if he was born just a few weeks ago, and apparently did not understand you completely.Talk to him, sing to him approvingly react to his attempts to imitate the sounds and gestures.Read
- child, starting with a minimum of six months (you can even earlier).Clearly pronounce words and show the child a picture.If he interrupts reading any sounds, pause and listen to him as if he had clearly expressed his opinion about the read.
- Encourage success.If the child is correctly pronounced the word which was given to him for a long time, and began to speak sentences of three words instead of two, to praise it.Children very early start to differentiate tone of voice, and well aware that their actions cause approval, and when - no.