Probing of the lacrimal canal in newborns - the opening of the tear ducts
- probing lacrimal in newborns - the opening of the tear ducts
- How is
probing lacrimal - a procedure that is used to open a blocked tear ducts.Typically, such an operation prescribed for children over the age of six months.However, if the obstruction of the tear ducts lead to infection or other serious problems, surgery may be assigned and young children.In some cases, a tear duct probing even in infants, that is, the children in the first month of life.Sometimes, the first time you can not achieve the desired result, and the procedure has to be repeated.This operation is considered safe, although, of course, the parents of a small child's need for its implementation can cause a lot of stress How to beat stress?Create an oasis .
What does the probing lacrimal children
Many children are born with an underdeveloped system of tear ducts, which can lead to their obstruction, excessive tearing and infection.This problem occurs, it is estimated that one third of all newborns.Fortunately, more than 90% of the signs of obstruction of the tear ducts disappear without any treatment, or with the help of conservative treatment, to the time the child turns one year.The earlier it is detected the violation, the less likely that a child will develop an infection and will need intubation lacrimal.So why do some children need this operation?
Human eyes are constantly exposed to dust, bacteria, viruses and other objects that can cause a variety of problems - from infection to damage the cornea.The main protective barriers on all of these objects are the eyelids and eyelashes.They not only prevent the ingress of foreign bodies in the eye, but also prevent drying of the surface of the eye.Without moisture the cornea can become cloudy, and during prolonged lack of moisture it is possible irreversible damage.
lachrymal glands and ducts form the so-called lacrimal apparatus, which prevents drying of the cornea.A small gland located at the edges of the eyelids, produce an oily liquid that is mixed with tears (they stand out not only when the person is crying), and together form the eyes of the tear film.Movement century distribute it over the eyes, due to which they are constantly getting the necessary nutrition.In addition, the tear film contains substances that protect the eyes against certain infectious diseases.
Tears flow from the eye through the tear ducts, where they are through a rather complex system of canals, hit the back wall of the nasal cavity.By the way, this is why, when a person cries, he begins something like the common cold - just the nose through the tear ducts are starting to do a lot more fluid than usual.
If a child obstruction of tear ducts, tears can not normally flow out of the eye.Why some children are born with very narrow or even blocked tear ducts is unknown.
obstruction of the tear ducts sometimes develop after birth, for example, because of polyps in Nome, which can block the ducts.In very rare cases, causes obstruction of the tear ducts are tumors, including malignant and facial injuries.
Usually, the symptoms of this disorder become apparent before the child is three months;In many cases, it appears almost immediately after birth.Typical symptoms of obstruction of the tear ducts - strong tearing that can occur even when the child does not cry, the accumulation of a small amount of pus in the corners of the eyes, and the formation of crusts on the eyelashes of the child during sleep Dreams: how to understand our dreams .
Sometimes children with this disorder develop an infection of the lacrimal sac, or dacryocystitis.Its symptoms are reddening of the skin at the inner corners of the eyes, the appearance of small blisters in the eye which can be located very close to the nose.It happens that children are born with dacryocystitis;in such cases, the inner corner of the eyes of a child has a bluish swelling, which is called dacryocystocele.Although the breach necessarily requires medical supervision, it does not necessarily lead to the development of infection and any serious consequences for the health of the child.Moreover, in many cases, the infection can be cured with antibiotics Antibiotics - whether they will help you in the foreseeable future? .
sure to contact your doctor if you have any signs of obstruction of the tear ducts, as well as in cases of suspected infection.Early treatment can often help to avoid surgery.
However, some patients still need surgery.If blocked tear duct infection has begun, and it just can not be cured, it can lead to serious consequences, including the deterioration and even loss of vision.Moreover, the infection can spread to other areas, including the brain, and it is associated with a small risk to the life and health of the patient.
lacrimal probing the child may be required even in the absence of infection - if the age of 6-12 months, the symptoms of obstruction of the tear ducts are preserved.If you do not carry out the operation in the future, this disorder can cause significant discomfort in the child (not hard to imagine, with some psychological problems in childhood may experience little man team, which is constantly and very watery eyes).
before configuring the operation, the doctor usually recommends to try different methods of treatment in the home.Often a very effective massage is the eye that needs to be done several times a day for two to three months.However, serious infection can be assigned to an emergency operation, including for babies
probing lacrimal neonates: preparation for surgery
just a few days before the date appointed for probing the tear duct, with parentscontact the child's doctor or nurse, and explain in detail how it has to be fed prior to the operation.As a general rule, the younger the child, the less the amount of time for which you need to stop feeding.Children under the age of six years are usually asked not to feed three or four hours before the operation.If a child is assigned to any medication, you should discuss with your doctor in advance, write them as well as with the surgeon, as they should be before probing.