As children begin watching television long before learning to use other forms of media (first of all - the Internet), it affects their development from a very early age, as a rule, before theybegin to distinguish the moving images on the screen from the real world.
The benefits and dangers of television for children
TV - it is a very useful invention.It entertains and helps to acquire new knowledge, broadens the mind of the child, giving him the opportunity to see other countries and learn about other cultures, with whom he would never have encountered in the city.Finally, programs and films in which there are positive role models can encourage the child to certain changes in your life.
But there is another side: thanks to television children are likely to receive information that their parents would prefer them to hide, at least up to sixteen years, or even adulthood.The fact that television can have a negative impact on health, behavior and attitudes of the child, is now considered an
Does the TV to the brain development of children?
As soon as more common are the special TV programs for infants and young children, scientists increasingly wonder whether they can watch the children under two years of age.While gaps in knowledge about the early development of the brain gets smaller, until it is not clear exactly how it is influenced by TV.Some studies suggest that frequent television viewing in early childhood may be associated with the emergence of problems with a focus in the future, including with such disorders as attention deficit attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) - How to helpfidget? and hyperactivity.In addition, the TV can replace a child to read, and to minimize the likelihood that he will have the desire to read the book.Reading requires much more active thinking and long-term focus than watching television, and if the brain from childhood accustomed to passive consumption of information, then change something will be very difficult.
matter how tempting the idea may seem a small child sit in front of TV, especially if the transmission is designed specifically for kids, experts recommend to do it as little as possible.Much more useful to talk to the child, singing to him (or with him), to read aloud, listen to music and play with it in different games.The benefits of these activities for the development of a child's brain has long been proved that it is impossible to say about television programs - including those who for whatever reason are called to develop.
Aggression, television and children
Since 1950 were carried out hundreds or even thousands of studies on one issue: whether there is a link between violence on the screen and aggressive graying children.On the basis of the vast majority of research, scientists have concluded that such a link is.Violence on the screen can not only lead to aggressive behavior, but also cause nightmares, indifference to violence against other people, and at the same time - different fears concerning their own safety.Children who regularly see violence on TV, there is a significant reduction in natural capacity for empathy.It is worth noting a few facts:
- Before the age a child, on average, saw on TV 200,000 violent acts and 16,000 murders (the figures shown by studies conducted in the US, but it is assumed that the data is now in the European countries, including- in post, close to the US, and moreover, thanks to the spread of the Internet and video games can significantly increase the numbers);
- Two thirds of TV shows and movies that are shown on television, contain elements of violence;
- Most acts of violence on the screen with impunity, and are often accompanied by jokes.This shows the effects of human suffering is very rare, and even rarer it becomes really realistic;
- acts of violence on the screen are often presented as an enjoyable and effective way to get what you want;
- kids in real life imitate the violence they see on the screen.At the age of eight years, children are not able to clearly distinguish between the real and the fictional world, which is why they can use behavior model of movie heroes, being assured that it is perfectly normal;
- Children who often see violence on the screen, there is often more aggressive behavior than the average person, moreover, a high level of aggression may persist into adulthood.
Television, the perception of others and themselves
Thanks to television, children easily accept and begin to take for granted a lot of the stereotypes existing in society.For example, viewing a certain kind of TV shows and movies may contribute to the appearance of the child's racial prejudices and national kidney.
Men (- especially white men) in films and commercials usually show a strong and dominant, and women often are sexual objects.In recent years, the situation began to change slightly, but in general, television is still contributes to the development of ideas about what men and women are fundamentally different tasks and place in the community (note, for example, that household chemicals, utensils and other itemsneeded in the household, usually tout woman).
slim, perfectly proportioned female characters on the screen may contribute to the development of eating disorders and the emergence of psychological problems in girls and women who do not meet the standard on-screen.
TV and health and children
A number of studies have found that the more a child watches TV, the better the likelihood of his excess weight and obesity.It's not just that they tend to lead a sedentary lifestyle;It plays an important role that they see a lot of advertising of junk food, and perceive it as a normal meal, and often view programs and movies accompanied by excessive consumption of high-calorie foods.
Also, television can increase the likelihood that the baby will start drinking alcohol and smoking - is associated with both advertising and addictions Bad habits - second nature? many characters onscreen.
Finally, there is a possibility of serious injury when trying to repeat the dangerous stunts that a child has seen on the screen.