The development of a child's speech - the stages of language acquisition
development of a child's speech begins in the first year after his birth, and this process continues throughout life.In the first twelve months of life, children develop the skills necessary for the further development of speech.In the first three years of life children understand much more than they can say.
In the development of speech, the child not only to learn to communicate and express their feelings, but also to understand the feelings of others, to solve the problems faced by them, to develop and maintain relationships.The ability to understand it and use it in everyday life is a crucial step to literacy, the development of reading and writing skills in the future.
How can you help develop a child's speech
best way to help your child develop faster and better speech - to communicate with them as often as possible.
- Talk with your child and treat him as an equal partner in communication
This should be done in the first year of his life.When a small child makes some sounds, babbles, making hand gestures or just looking at you - he communicates with you.When you finish talking, pause, and wait until the child responds.Try to answer him the likeness of the sounds that he produces - you will notice that it will make your communication more lively.There are different opinions about whether to use an adult in dealing with young children babble imitation.Currently, experts believe that this can be done from time to time - such "conversations" bring a lot of fun for both children and adults.But, of course, do not forget to communicate with your child and normal, "adult" human language.
- Do not disregard the gestures and words
When the baby is a little older, it will turn to others with the help of gestures and words (or sounds,reminiscent of the word);be sure to react to them.For example, if the child shakes his head, treat it as a failure.If it points to a toy, he will likely want to tell you that he likes her, and he wants to play with it.Give him the toy and see what will happen next: perhaps the child will try to tell you something else.At an early stage of development of speech is not only the content of the communication process, but also the fact that there is a communication - that the child pay attention to him and his answer ready to listen.Children who grow up without parents, in institutions (or in families with not too attentive parents), it often develops slowly, precisely because they lack communication and positive reinforcement.
- Talk about what is happening
Tell me baby, why and where you go, what you do, you see, and so on.Use as many different words.It does not matter as long as the child understands not all - is now his memory, like a sponge, it absorbs what he sees and hears, and all this in the future will be crucial for its further development.
- Read baby books
First, you can show your child pictures in books and tell what they depict, and listen to what he thinks about the child (in whatever way he or expressed).Then read on, and links to read a story that happens in your life.Do not limit a dozen children's books that you have at home - buy or take new books in the library, the child receives as many fresh impressions.
- supports the initiative of the child
If a child begins to talk himself, support him, and did not deviate from the topic, even if you have to repeat several times the same thing.
- Repeat and complement what the child says
For example, if he says, "Apple", tell him: "Do you want an apple?Do you want a red apple?I want a red apple.Let both of us eat on a red apple. "So the child will easily learn grammar and learn new words.
- Encourage your child stories
When a child begins to talk about his games, how was your day in kindergarten and so on, listen and encourage him.Sami asked him to tell how he spent the day with his offer to make plans for the weekend, and after a joint visit together to discuss what you have seen and learned.
How is it
- 3-12 months
During this period, the baby laughing, playing with sounds and begins to communicate with gestures.Babble - a very important stage of development of a child's speech in the first year;children can babble, mimicking the people around it, or simply expressing their attitude to what is happening around.
- 12-18 months
At this time, the children usually say first words - maybe not very clear, but they give them the correct value (called mom - mom, dad - dad, cat - a cat, and so on).To eighteen months in the dictionary of the child usually has about fifty words.If the child is not twelve months babbles and does not use gestures, you must talk to your doctor.
- from 18 months to 2 years
By the end of the second year of life, children's vocabulary increases to approximately 300 words, and the child begins to put the words in short sentences.His speech has become clear enough for the parents, and he knows almost everything that is said to him.
- 2-3 years
child utters increasingly long and complex sentences and pronounce words the right thing.At this age, children often play and talk at the same time.This three year old child is usually clear enough even for strangers;for parents to understand it is not difficult.
- 3-5 years
preschooler can pronounce fairly long speech, and often - on abstract themes.His vocabulary is growing rapidly, he says, most of the words correctly, using the basic rules of grammar, and experimenting with more complex sentences.