in infants may occur colds, which are clinically proceed with a runny nose and other symptoms of inflammation.Appointment of therapy at this age has its own characteristics, so to answer the question than to treat a runny nose in infants How to treat a runny nose in infants - what funds are safe can only physician who has the relevant knowledge.Self-medication can be reflected negatively on the health of the child, including those causing long-term effects.
When to start treatment of rhinitis
In newborns is common physiological rhinitis, which occurs without clinical symptoms does not affect the general health.For this reason, this state is not required to conduct special medical measures.A different approach is required in the treatment of rhinitis due to colds or other causal factors.Proceeds from the common cold for infants appointed under strict indications for a certain number of days, it is important to comply with the doctor's recommendations for dosage of the drug.
first signs of colds can be the following symptoms:
- changing mood of the child (moodiness, excessive excitement, or, conversely, sluggishness)
- child refuses feeding (nasal breathing difficulty does not allow normal suckle)
- adherence to the common cold cough, sneezing
If the first signs of disease were observed in time to the parents, then, accordingly, the effect of the prescribed treatment will be most pronounced.
deserves special attention fever.In newborn infants, with a significant increase in temperature indicators (above 390) increases the risk of complications in the nervous system, seizures.It is necessary to take measures to reduce the temperature, to this end, it is recommended to use antipyretics in the form of rectal suppositories.
Features of nose drops in infants
drops from the common cold for babies have a positive effect when used regularly.In order to eliminate the possible overall impact on the child's body should not be used long-term drops.The optimal duration of treatment is three to five days.During this time the physician has an opportunity to assess the dynamics of the inflammatory process with a cold, if necessary, change the treatment regimen, for example, with the development of complications.
In protracted rhinitis there is need for the appointment of antibacterial therapy.There are drops containing an antibiotic approved for treatment in pediatric practice.That drug is "Izofra."
For topical treatment of rhinitis children produce injection drug three times a day.The main active ingredient is the antibiotic of the aminoglycoside, which has a bactericidal effect.The question of what should be the duration of therapy is decided during the dynamic observation of the patient, thus it can be extended to seven days.
To reduce the amount of secretions produced nasal mucosa, eliminate edema applied vasoconstrictor drops.It is necessary to take into account the age of the child, because some drugs are approved for use since only three months.Also, this group of drugs has pronounced side effects when they appear, you must immediately stop using them.
Why should strengthen the immune system
important causal factor in the development of the common cold is immune deficiency.The range of therapeutic measures must necessarily include measures aimed at strengthening the immunity Immunity - help the immune system and overall health in general.It is necessary to take into account the fact that in infants shortly after birth the presence of maternal immunity, which is caused by the presence of antibodies.This type of immunity protects against many diseases, such as rubella and chickenpox.In infancy, these diseases do not occur.
For infants can be recommended hardening.This way of strengthening immunity justifies its effectiveness, but should adhere to the rule of reason tempered.For starters, you can leave grudnichka naked for five, ten minutes.Gradually increase the duration of air baths to thirty minutes.It is important that the room was the optimal temperature (this temperature is considered to be 180).Do not overheat the baby, so it is enough to put a child on a single layer of clothing more than adults.
strengthen the immune system contributes to infant breastfeeding.Do not give up breastfeeding Breastfeeding: Breast - and no nails! , since proven that children who are breastfed get sick less often.
breast milk grudnichok receives nutrients, trace elements, as well as antibodies, as part of the immune system.There are no strict limits on the duration of breastfeeding, so you can feed the baby as long as possible.Experts point to the negative effects of the translation grudnichka on artificial mixtures.
Particular attention should be paid to hygiene requirements while caring for a child.No need to try to create sterile conditions, since those microorganisms, which meets the child's body, contribute to the formation of the immune system.It is wrong that the baby baby man, though with a little finger no immunity, so he gets sick, if not sterile.It is important to adhere to basic hygiene rules, compliance with these measures will be sufficient.
Starting at one month of age, you can start taking drugs that help boost immunity.That drug is a children 'Anaferon "which include in the complex therapy.