Loose cough in a child - do not leave without attention
- moist cough in children - do not leave without attention
to wet cough, in contrast to the dry, characterized by phlegm, which in most cases is transparentand it has no odor.Loose cough in a child often begins when non-hazardous viral infections of the respiratory tract, but sometimes it is a sign of serious illness.
reasons moist cough in children
for different diseases characterized by various types of wet cough and associated symptoms.The following attributes are only for reference;ascertain the cause of cough in a child can only be a doctor.
Features cough: cough in a child at night or during the day, not accompanied by wheezing sounds, shortness of breath or rapid breathing.Other symptoms - sneezing, runny nose, watery eyes and the temperature not higher than 38.6 C. The most likely cause of these symptoms are common cold, and various viral infections sinuses (sinusitis).Cough may also occur when flu is usually at the end of the acute phase of the disease or after its completion.At the beginning of the disease is more often a dry cough or absent.As a rule, all the symptoms of the conditions listed above completely disappear in 7-10 days, but sometimes rare cough in a child is saved for another one or, at least, two weeks - in most cases this is not a relapse.
Features cough: first dry, then - productive, cough with expectoration greenish or yellowish color.Sometimes the cough is accompanied by vomiting.Other symptoms: sore throat, weakness, runny nose, chills, body temperature from 37.7 to 38.3 C. The most common cause of these symptoms become bronchitis.
In severe cases, there are symptoms such as chest pain Chest pain: one symptom - a lot of diseases , shortness of breath, high fever and prolonged cough that can persist for several weeks - untiluntil the inflammation of the bronchi will not pass completely.
Features cough: cough (in some cases - dry), accompanied by palpitations, shallow breathing.Other symptoms include irritability Irritability - Try to control your mood or lethargy, stertorous breathing, poor appetite, vomiting after meals.These symptoms are often observed in bronchiolitis - an inflammatory disease of the bronchial tubes.Although most cases of bronchiolitis occurs with relatively mild symptoms that resemble the symptoms of common cold, sometimes it can cause a high fever (up to 39.4 C) and lead to various complications.
Features cough: a lingering cough from a child who is sometimes accompanied by nausea and vomiting.Other symptoms include fever, nasal congestion, shortness of breath (sometimes other symptoms are absent or very weakly expressed), chills, chest pain, shortness of breath, abdominal pain, lethargy, poor appetite, in the most severe cases - a bluish or grayish lips andnails.These symptoms can occur in pneumonia Pneumonia - Symptoms and Causes .
Treatment moist cough in children
If the cough is accompanied by high body temperature (above 38 ° C in infants and above 38.6 C in older children) must consult a doctor.This should be done in the case if the child refuses to eat, it is very sluggish and is poorly responsive to external stimuli, and if he has difficulty breathing.
without a doctor's recommendation to give the baby cough medicines is not recommended.
drug used in the treatment of cough, can be divided into two broad categories: antitussives, which suppress cough by affecting the cough center, and expectorants, which stimulate the excretion of mucus (which include, for example, mucolytics).Expectorant drugs when wet cough is not required because the excretion of mucus has already begun, but they can be used to accelerate the healing process.But cold preparations for children (as well as, and adults) used for the treatment of wet cough is not recommended.The fact that a wet cough is an important function - it clears mucus from the airways.Inhibiting the cough center with the help of drugs can temporarily alleviate the condition of the child, but it does not speed up his recovery.In addition, the cough usually does not cause such a strong discomfort as dry cough dry cough - whether to worry about it? - his scenes are relatively rare and of short duration.
There is one important fact to be taken into account when deciding on what to treat cough in a child;it consists in the fact that not all cough medicines for children are safe.They are widely advertised, they earn a lot of money, but every year thousands of children around the world come to the hospital after treatment for cough.Possible serious side effects of these drugs - hallucinations, cardiac arrhythmia, addiction.In the United States during an extensive study, scientists have linked the death of 123 children with the use of cough medicines and the common cold.The cause of the unfortunate outcomes are not always getting the excess of the recommended dose of the drug.The fact is that for many cough medicines is not set precise safe dose for children, especially for children under the age of two years.For obvious reasons, they do not participate in clinical trials, and to calculate the optimal dose, based on the dose of adults - an unreliable method.