The crisis of three years: I did!
crisis three years, perhaps known to all.His way or another, every child is going through.One he goes more smoothly, and the other so that all the neighbors know.It is not necessary, of course, any deviation from the norm considered as a manifestation of the crisis, but it can not be underestimated.It is better to examine the reasons that lead to the development of the crisis three years crisis of three years - the period of formation of the person , and go through it with your child with a minimum of psychological shocks, both the child and with the parents.
psycho-physiological characteristics of the crisis three years
For three years in a child is an accumulation of a significant amount of knowledge about the world, but he does not know how to systematize them, so it does seem, if not chaos, it really is exactly welter.The child begins to identify with older people and imitate them, proving its independence.There is a favorite expression of "I did!".
Many psychologists call a crisis of three years of "rehearsal" adolescent crisis.Analogies really is: in this and in another case, a man opens up a world of new relationships.In three years - is the interaction with people from the circle of family, friends, kindergarten.Each contact with a new person entails a series of discoveries: for example, when a child says hello, the man nods, smiles the other, the third turns - action on the part of the child is the same, but the reaction of the people is different.How hard is it to understand!The child did not blame the man who turned instead to say hello, and himself.In general, always a child has an inner desire to be good and to please their parents.If an event does not lead to the result that awaits the child - it decreases self-esteem, develop a sense of inferiority.Scream at this age is a cry for help, turned to the world.
How does the crisis three years
crisis three years, like all crises, develops suddenly.Yesterday, the child was calm and obedient, but today was a real rebel.He expressed his protest violently and quiet, for any reason: the parents does not comply with the request, makes the "opposite", "can not hear" speech addressed to him.Moreover, he may begin to beat their parents yell at them - it does not mean that he no longer loves them, he just checks his place in life.To understand the logic of the world it operates empirically, constantly expanding the range of their "want", "give" and "could."
On the other hand, the child is committed to independence.He wants to dress and undress, wash dishes and floor, there are not only using the spoons, and forks, knife.Often his actions are wrong, slow and sloppy: cleaning the floor with a sponge for dishes or putting shoes on the wrong feet, puts food from a plate on the table and there trying to pick up her fork.The child does not vrednichaet - he experiments and optimize the process.And we can agree that it is more convenient for small hands to wash the floor with a sponge for dishes than a large cloth, less food on the tablecloth slides and shoes worn on the foot - that is, all the goals are fulfilled.
How to survive the crisis of three years
to help the child overcome the crisis of three years should always be on his side.Do not indulge, do not go at it on occasion, but do not respond to any act of the child immediately, you first need to think about what it is called and respond only on the basis of all causes.For example: the child wears long - no need to rush and blame - should be commended for what he is doing himself and gently suggest how you can put the thing faster.If the child is laid out food from a plate - you need to ask why he did it and react in accordance with its answer.The child should feel that parents are always by his side, sympathy, help and understand.Then the crisis of three years will turn into a fascinating process to explore the world and organize the knowledge acquired, in which parents act as conductors of the child to the world of the unknown.